Md studies of ldl and hdl phases of supercooled water
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MD Studies of LDL and HDL phases of Supercooled Water. Xiaohai Li (ChBE) Vamsi Akkineni (PHYS) Jianwei Wang (GEOL). Project Goals. Use Molecular Dynamics to simulate the LDL and HDL phases of supercooled water Obtain the radial distribution functions of two liquid phases of water

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MD Studies of LDL and HDL phases of Supercooled Water

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Md studies of ldl and hdl phases of supercooled water

MD Studies of LDL and HDL phases of Supercooled Water

Xiaohai Li (ChBE)

Vamsi Akkineni (PHYS)

Jianwei Wang (GEOL)


Project goals

Project Goals

  • Use Molecular Dynamics to simulate the LDL and HDL phases of supercooled water

  • Obtain the radial distribution functions of two liquid phases of water

  • Compare Results with literature results


Motivation

Motivation

  • The liquid-liquid phase transition hypothesis is difficult to prove experimentally because of homogeneous necleation

  • Computer simulation becomes extremely useful in this case because nucleation does not occur on the timescale of computer simulation


Md studies of ldl and hdl phases of supercooled water

The proposed phase diagram of supercooled water

(O. Mishima, and H. E. Stanley, Nature 396, 329(1998))


Intermolecular potentials of water

Intermolecular Potentials of water

  • Interactions between water molecules are far more complicated than those between particles of simple liquids

    • The ability of water molecules to form hydrogen bonds

    • The existence of substantial non-additive three- and high-body terms

  • The simulation are highly sensitive to the intermolecular potential functions used


Intermolecular potentials of water1

Intermolecular potentials of water

  • Three kinds of intermolecular potentials

SPC TIP4P ST2


Spc potential

SPC Potential

Charge on H: +0.41e and charge on O: -0.82e

Angle of HOH: 109.47°

Length of OH: 1.0Å

 = 3.166Å

= 78.2 K

kOH = 4637 kJ/(mol Å2) kHOH = 383 kJ/(mol rad2)


Md simulation

MD Simulation

  • Ensemble: NVT

  • Number of water molecules: 125

  • Use periodic boundry conditions

  • Time step: 0.001ps

  • Equilibration: 500ps

  • Collect data: 1000ps

  • Ewald summation used for long range Coulombic forces.

  • Cutoff used for Lennard-Jones interactions (7Å)


Snapshots of two systems

Snapshots of Two Systems

T=150k, d=0.95g/cm3 T=150k, d=1.20g/cm3


Md studies of ldl and hdl phases of supercooled water

(Huang et al.)


Md studies of ldl and hdl phases of supercooled water

Site-site radial distribution functions

from EPSR simulations

(A. K. Soper, and M. A. Ricci, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84,2881(2000))


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • SPC model is suitable for simulating the supercooled water

  • Our simulation supports the conjecture of LDL and HDL phases at low temperature

  • More state points can be simulated to find the second critical point


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