Complexity in public policy metaphors and methods
Download
1 / 41

Complexity in Public Policy: Metaphors and Methods - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 93 Views
  • Uploaded on

Complexity in Public Policy: Metaphors and Methods. Philip Haynes. What do we mean by policy?. Government action Linking of decisions Intervention – political power. What do we mean by policy?. Implementation – management, professionalism… Multidisciplinary. Policy Process.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Complexity in Public Policy: Metaphors and Methods' - lecea


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Complexity in public policy metaphors and methods

Complexity in Public Policy: Metaphors and Methods

Philip Haynes


What do we mean by policy
What do we mean by policy?

  • Government action

  • Linking of decisions

  • Intervention – political power


What do we mean by policy1
What do we mean by policy?

  • Implementation – management, professionalism…

  • Multidisciplinary


Policy process
Policy Process

  • Policy as a rational process



Making sense of it all
Making sense of it all?

  • Patterns

  • Time and Space


Patterns
Patterns

  • Action over time - policy trends

  • Spatial levels - global, national, local, organisation, team…


Policy systems
Policy systems

External Factors

National Government

Local Government

Policy organisations

External Factors


Complexity theory
Complexity Theory

  • Complex dynamic systems are constructed by the interaction of instability and stability.

  • Includes chaos theory, but goes beyond it

Stability

Edge of Chaos

Instability



Some core metaphors
Some core metaphors

  • Instability (chaos)

  • Nested systems

  • Attractors (order in disorder)

  • Interaction (not cause and effect)

  • Self organisation (order from within)






Policy and time
Policy and Time

  • Evolution of macro policy

  • Which path does policy action take?

    • Path dependency

    • Punctuated equilibrium

    • Complex stability-instability


Some core metaphors1
Some core metaphors

  • Instability (chaos)

  • Nested systems (fractals)


Nested systems
Nested systems

Central Government

Sub National Government

Local Government

Actor, 1., 2, 3, etc

Organisation A

Organisation B


Some core metaphors2
Some core metaphors

  • Instability (chaos)

  • Nested systems (fractals)

  • Attractors (order in the disorder)


Attractor uk inflation t 1 1987 2004
Attractor UK inflation (t-1) 1987-2004


Attractor uk inflation 1987 1990
Attractor UK inflation 1987-1990


Attractor uk inflation 1990 1997
Attractor UK inflation 1990--1997


Attractor uk inflation 1997 2005
Attractor UK inflation 1997-2005


Attractor uk inflation 1987 2005
Attractor UK inflation 1987-2005


Attractors qualitative
Attractors - qualitative

  • Kontoupolous – ‘competing logics in public policy’

Managerialism

Marketisation

Professionalism

Consumerism

User involvement

Citizenship

Bureaucratic rules


Some core metaphors3
Some core metaphors

  • Instability (chaos)

  • Nested systems (fractals)

  • Attractors (order in the disorder)

  • Interaction (rather than cause and effect)

A

Feedback

B



Some core metaphors4
Some core metaphors

  • Instability (chaos)

  • Nested systems (fractals)

  • Attractors (order in the disorder)

  • Interaction (rather than cause and effect)

  • Self organisation (Order from within)



Methods
Methods

  • How we can make sense of such complexity?


‘We maybe able to able to learn a lot about the kind of dynamics involved in the functioning of such systems…Complexity theory underscores the importance of contingent factors… No general model can capture these singularities.’

Cilliers, 2001, p.145


Qualitative comparative method charles ragin
Qualitative Comparative Method dynamics involved in the functioning of such systems…Complexity theory underscores the importance of contingent factors… No general model can capture these singularities.’Charles Ragin

  • Use of quantitative thresholds to make qualitative judgements

  • Better consideration of cases

  • Multiple ‘complex’ paths to outcome


Single quantitative model
Single quantitative model dynamics involved in the functioning of such systems…Complexity theory underscores the importance of contingent factors… No general model can capture these singularities.’


As complex patterns
As complex patterns dynamics involved in the functioning of such systems…Complexity theory underscores the importance of contingent factors… No general model can capture these singularities.’

QCA – truth tables

  • H W M S CH A AR Out id

  • 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 C AUSTRALIA NEW ZEALAND

  • 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 GERMANY

  • 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 GB

  • 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 US

  • 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 AUSTRIA

  • 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 HUNG

  • 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 NOR,CAN

  • 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 POLAND

  • 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 JAPAN

  • 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 SPAIN


Logical statements
Logical Statements dynamics involved in the functioning of such systems…Complexity theory underscores the importance of contingent factors… No general model can capture these singularities.’

Outcome 1 = higher expenditure on LTC policy

h * (M*s*ch) + (m*S*a)

N= (8) (5) + (3)


Country statements
Country statements dynamics involved in the functioning of such systems…Complexity theory underscores the importance of contingent factors… No general model can capture these singularities.’

  • h * m * S * ch * a * ar

  • (GB and USA)


Patterns workflow diagrams
Patterns – workflow diagrams dynamics involved in the functioning of such systems…Complexity theory underscores the importance of contingent factors… No general model can capture these singularities.’

Clearing

Student Induction

Publicity

Admissions

Learningand Teaching delivery

Open days

Progression

Student stress

System Stress

(Info. Systems)

Timetabling

Subject strength

Staff

deployment

Staff expertise

Research grants

Staff turn over

Assessment

Research publications

Personal tutoring

Staff stress

Student services

Higher Degree Recruitment

Student retention

Examination Boards

Awards and Graduation


Indicator dashboard
Indicator Dashboard dynamics involved in the functioning of such systems…Complexity theory underscores the importance of contingent factors… No general model can capture these singularities.’

19.78 SSRs

Student

Retention

Publications cited

Grants

awarded

Student Targets

Budget


Implications for practice
Implications for practice dynamics involved in the functioning of such systems…Complexity theory underscores the importance of contingent factors… No general model can capture these singularities.’

‘Decision makers should be content with setting minimum specifications, establishing boundaries and letting the system settle into a condition that satisfies the constraints placed on it.’

(Kernick 2004, p137)’


Airport paperback five point summary
Airport paperback: five point summary dynamics involved in the functioning of such systems…Complexity theory underscores the importance of contingent factors… No general model can capture these singularities.’

  • Don’t micro manage

  • Do both synthesis and analysis

    (the big picture is an important as the detail)

  • Celebrate positive feedback systems

  • Some places are trapped in negative feedback, consider intervening on a large scale.

  • Listen to local context and ‘stories’


ad