Libraries and the enchantment of e learning report from an oclc sponsored task force
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Libraries and the Enchantment of E-learning: Report from an OCLC sponsored Task Force. Lorcan Dempsey JISC/CNI Conference, Brighton 8/9 June 2004. Libraries and the Enhancement of E-learning: Report from an OCLC sponsored Task Force. Lorcan Dempsey JISC/CNI Conference, Brighton 8/9 June 2004.

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Libraries and the enchantment of e learning report from an oclc sponsored task force

Libraries and the Enchantment of E-learning: Report from an OCLC sponsored Task Force

Lorcan DempseyJISC/CNI Conference, Brighton 8/9 June 2004


Libraries and the enhancement of e learning report from an oclc sponsored task force

Libraries and the Enhancement of E-learning: Report from an OCLC sponsored Task Force

Lorcan DempseyJISC/CNI Conference, Brighton 8/9 June 2004


Background on task force

Background on Task Force

  • Why?

    • Elearning an influential force

    • A question for libraries

  • Composition

    • Diverse, geographically, functionally, demographically

  • Charge

    • To explore issues of interaction of the academic library and e-learning and what role OCLC might play in this arena

  • Timeframe

    -spring to fall, 2003


Task force

Task Force

Patricia Albenese (Chair)

Bradley F Baker

David Cohen

Lorcan Dempsey

Susan L Henderson

Jennifer Jopling

Paul C. LePore

Prepared and edited by:

Neil McLean

Heidi Sander

John MacColl

Richard Madaus

Edward Meachen

Susan Metros

Scott Siddall

Greg Siering

Pat Stevens

Karen Williams

Also distributed to a diverse review group


An influential force

An influential force ….

New learning and teaching behaviors

A new context for systems and services

Course management system

‘Learning objects’

Content packages

E-portfolio

Organizational flexing

Technology

Service

Under construction

Increase in number of courses which use course management systems

2000

2002

Change

Carnegie Mellon University*

150

567

378%

Denison University*

25

150

600%

[i] * Information Technology and Libraries, June 2003 (p. 80).

* personal communication, Scott Siddal


A question for libraries

A question for libraries

“CMSs also provide a collaborative workplace for students to work with each other. … When strategically placed, courseware environments provide a logical place for information and knowledge to be created, accessed and used. Students find that CMSs meet many of their information needs and tend to use them as a kind of primary gateway.”

Money follows perception of value?

“Currently, vendors market course management systems to academic information technology units or to individual faculty departments. Typically, libraries are left our of the decision-making and implementation processes. This means that libraries have the challenge of deploying their services in a new learning environment using a technology outside of their control.”


The words of things entangle and confuse

The words of things entangle and confuse …

  • E-learning

  • Learning Object

  • Courseware Management Systems/learning management systems/VLEs

  • Repositories

    • Content management systems

    • Learning object repositories

    • Digital asset management systems

    • Preservation?

  • Different traditions, legacies, world-views, ...


Some important differences

Some important differences

Think of metadata models

Elearning

Libraries

An object

view

An asset

An asset with pedagogical context

Diffused responsibilities

A processview

Highly routinized

and high-volume

Under construction

Anorganizationview

  • Established

  • Stability

  • inertia

Under constructionwithin broaderrealignments


Learning objects

Learning objects …

Dominates debate

Shared view?

Ongoing metadata discussion

Life-cycle view also emerging, leading to

.. organizational management questions.

Picture courtesy Dan Rehak, Carnegie Mellon University


Metadata and repositories

Metadata and repositories

  • Different conceptions of repository

    • Objects

    • Interfaces

    • Presumption of preservation?

  • Responsibilities diffused

    • Creation

    • Rights

    • Management

    • Discovery and disclosure

  • Shared metadata and controlled vobularies

“With careful consideration, libraries need to reposition themselves to be viewed by the academic community that they serve as managers and overseers of the repository space. It was clear from the responses to the Task Force member survey that preservation and reusability of learning content are essential requirements in repository management, yet libraries were rarely involved in meeting this management challenge.”


Technical infrastructure

Technical infrastructure

  • Is anybody responsible for institutional applications architecture?

  • Applications and shared services

  • Secure provisioning over time

“… Task Force members noted that libraries and IT organizations often seem to have very different perceived philosophies for advanced technical infrastructure.”


Standards

Standards

  • Significant recent activities in elearning space

    • IMS

  • Imperfect points of contact and comparison between digital library and e-learning work

    • Metadata

    • Search protocols

    • Content packaging

  • Increases costs of institutional adoption?

  • Alt-i-lab


The institutional context

The institutional context

“The Task Force agreed unequivocally that the faculty, the library, and the IT and instructional design departments need to collaborate in developing sustainable and seamless infrastructure. … very few institutions have systemically attained such a coherent strategic approach, principally because there is no common shared language on which to build strategic initiatives.”

Does the ‘MLE’ provide a ‘common view’ in the UK?

“Most institutional stakeholders still function within their particular views of the world and no consistent pattern of partnership can yet be detected to sustain successful e-learning environments. …. Almost invariably there is no common view of the e-learning infrastructure and its associated problems or issues …”


Organizational structures again

Organizational structures again

Organizational convergence is not the same as convergence around a shared mission

Unformed geographies

Pedagogy, research, and learning


Taking pause

Taking pause?


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