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Jacksonian Poltics. Preceded by the so-called Era of Good Feelings. Learning Objectives—Jacksonian Politics. Identify the impacts of the Jackson presidency. How did the Jackson presidency represent and create political transformation in the United States.

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Jacksonian poltics

Jacksonian Poltics

Preceded by the so-called Era of Good Feelings

Learning objectives jacksonian politics
Learning Objectives—Jacksonian Politics

  • Identify the impacts of the Jackson presidency.

  • How did the Jackson presidency represent and create political transformation in the United States.

  • Look at democracy, the West, the scope and power of the national government, and the party system

  • How did Jackson affect the presidency?

James monroe era of good feelings
James Monroe—Era of Good Feelings

  • Era of Good Feelings label comes from a single but important Good Will tour of New England in 1817

  • Ran unopposed in 1820 and got all but 4 electoral votes

  • Great Cabinet: John Quincy Adams, William H. Crawford, John C. Calhoun

http://faculty.adams.edu/~ercrowth/us202powerpoints/monroe.ppt#259,4,Adams, Crawford, & Calhoun

Election of 1824
Election of 1824

  • Candidates

  • The Tennessee legislature nominated Andrew Jackson

  • The Kentucky legislature nominated Henry Clay

  • Massachusetts nominated John Quincy Adams

  • The congressional caucus, nominated William H. Crawford .

Andrew Jackson

http://go.dbcc.edu/behavior_socsci/mckeowm/files/33A7092D1B814A209FA58BCF04AEAC36.ppt#265,10,V. Missouri Compromise

B the campaign
B. The Campaign

  • John C. Calhoun, ran for Vice-President on the Adams and Jackson tickets.

  • Adams benefited from the split of Southern and Western candidates.

  • Adams' supported Clay’s "American System“.

  • Jackson attacked "King Caucus ," supporting the right of the people to choose their own President.

John C Calhoun

http://go.dbcc.edu/behavior_socsci/mckeowm/files/33A7092D1B814A209FA58BCF04AEAC36.ppt#265,10,V. Missouri Compromise

C the results
C. The Results

  • Jackson received 99 electoral votes, Adams 84, Crawford 41, Clay 37. The election was settled in the House of Representatives.

  • Clay convinced The state delegation of Kentucky to vote for Adams.

  • Corrupt Bargain: Clay with making a "corrupt bargain“.

  • Adams offered Clay the position of Secretary of State.

  • the Republican party divided into two factions: National Republicansand Democratic Republicans .

Clay’s appointment to

Secretary of State.

http://go.dbcc.edu/behavior_socsci/mckeowm/files/33A7092D1B814A209FA58BCF04AEAC36.ppt#265,10,V. Missouri Compromise


Election of 18241
Election of 1824http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png


John quincy adams as president
John Quincy Adams as Presidenthttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

The election of 1828
the Election of 1828http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

  • the abominable tariff

The age of jackson
The Age of Jacksonhttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

  • Andrew Jackson was elected in 1828 and remained in office for two terms, until 1836.

  • Jackson was known as a national hero, and the symbol for the "common man".

  • Jackson also had a strong-will &

    quick temper.

  • Jackson’s Presidency is known for:

    • Jacksonian democracy

    • Nullification issue

    • National bank issue


The age of jackson1
The Age of Jacksonhttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png


Jacksonian democracy
Jacksonian Democracyhttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

  • Strengthened the executive branch & the Presidency at the expense of Congress

  • Broaden public participation in government.

  • Enfranchised all eligible white males, rather than just property owners (White male suffrage)

  • Supported the patronage system

  • Favored elected judges..

  • Favored geographical expansion, sometimes justifying it in terms of Manifest Destiny



The spoils system
The Spoils Systemhttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

  • Also known as Political Patronage

  • The patronage system enabled politicians to appoint their supporters into Gov’t jobs,

  • Jacksonian’s argued that these appointments would lead to increased public participation in politics.


Democracy in america
democracy in Americahttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

  • the expanded franchise

Jacksonian democracy1
Jacksonian Democracyhttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

  • JACKSONIAN ERA 1824 - 1840

    • JACKSON 1828-1836

      • Jackson - the people's man

        • vigorous leadership

        • egalitarian

        • any honest citizen can represent in government

        • the people themselves should decide on public policy

        • "spoils system"

          • offices given as a reward for their support


The Election of 1828

http://faculty.sierracollege.edu/ccox/history_17A/15%20Building%20A%20Nation.ppt#301,7,BUILDING A NATION

Jackson versus calhoun
Jackson versus Calhounhttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

Nullification issue
Nullification Issuehttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

  • A sectional crisis during the Jackson’s presidency over the question of a state’s right to nullify a federal law

  • The issue developed around protective tariffs, specifically the Tariff of 1828, that was also called the "Tariff of Abominations".

  • The debate over states' rights threatened conflict between South Carolina and the federal government


John c calhoun
John C. Calhounhttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

  • From South Carolina and Jackson’s VP in his first term,

  • Calhoun believed in strong states rights in contrast to a strong central government

  • He led the southern fight against high Protective Tariffs

  • Near death in 1860, he led he south to secession


John c calhoun1
John C. Calhounhttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png


South carolina exposition and protest
South Carolina Exposition and Protesthttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

  • Calhoun’s issues with the Tariffs were intense

  • He felt states had the right to Nullify laws of the Federal Gov't that were unconstitutional.

  • He further reasoned that if the federal Gov't refused to allow nullification, then states, could withdraw from the union.

  • Calhoun wrote down his theory in a document entitled The South Carolina Exposition


South carolina nullification crisis
South Carolina Nullification Crisishttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

  • The Ordinance of Nullification declared both the tariffs of 1828 and 1832 null and void within SC state borders

  • In response, President Andrew Jackson sent naval vessels to Charleston

  • Congress passed a "Force Bill" authorizing Jackson to take actions to enforce law.

  • Henry Clay, the Great Compromiser, resolved the crisis with his Tariff of 1833, also know as the compromise Tariff


Jackson versus clay and biddle
Jackson versus Clay and Biddlehttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

National bank issue
National Bank Issuehttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

  • Andrew Jackson was opposed to the National Bank, even though it was declared constitutional by the supreme court in McCulloch v. Maryland, 1819

  • Jackson's independent personality contributed to his efforts to undermine it

  • Finally, Jackson favored his Pet Banks

  • This caused the Panic of 1837


National bank issue1
National Bank Issuehttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png


Pet banks
Pet Bankshttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

  • In his effort to destroy the Bank of the U.S., Jackson refused to deposit federal money in the National Bank.

  • Instead, he used state banks that were loyal to his party.

  • These banks were called Pet Banks.


Panic of 1837
Panic of 1837http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

  • The prosperity of the early 1830s was led by the construction of new canals railroads

  • The prosperity bubble burst in 1837

  • Causes include the economic policies of President Jackson who favored currency in only gold or silver (Tight Money) and who terminated the National Bank.

  • Also, Pres. Van Buren refused to involve the government in the economic recovery


Election of 1832
Election of 1832http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

  • President Andrew Jackson, candidate of the Democratic Party, easily won reelection against Henry Clay of Kentucky.

  • The first national election for Martin Van Buren of NY, who replaced Calhoun as VP


Jackson versus american indians
Jackson versus American Indianshttp://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

Indian removal act 1830
INDIAN REMOVAL ACT - 1830http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

  • Congress, with Jackson’s support, passed the Indian Removal Act in 1830

  • Under this law, the federal government funded treaties that forced tribes west

  • The Cherokee Tribe in Georgia refused and were supported by the Supreme Court

  • Jackson refused to abide by the Court decision

  • Jackson said, “John Marshall (Supreme Court Chief Justice) has made his decision, now let him enforce it.”

  • Trail of Tears followed the Court ruling as U.S. troops rounded up the Cherokee and drove them west, mostly on foot. . .thousands died


INDIAN REMOVAL - 1830http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png


Whig party 1832 to 1856
Whig Party, 1832 to 1856 http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

  • The Whig party was formed in opposition to Andrew Jackson.

  • The name was based on American Whigs of 1770s who fought for independence.

  • Whig philosophy was compatible with the reformers goals.

  • The Whigs were commitment to Clay’s American System



  • the handoff of the Presidency from Jackson to Van Buren

Election of 1836
Election of 1836http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/3/3c/350px-ElectoralCollege1824-Large.png

  • Winner: Martin Van Buren

  • As Andrew Jackson's Secretary of State and then Vice President, he helped built Jacksonian democracy

  • His Presidency was overshadowed by the economic hardship of the Panic of 1837.



Election of 1840
Election of 1840http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/d/d8/350px-ElectoralCollege1836-Large.png


Election of 18401
Election of 1840http://content.answers.com/main/content/wp/en/thumb/d/d8/350px-ElectoralCollege1836-Large.png

  • Van Buren was not popular do to the 1837 depression

  • Harrison ran as a war hero and man of the people, while presenting Van Buren as a wealthy snob

  • Rallying under the slogan “Tippecanoe and Tyler, too,” the Whigs easily won

  • The 2-party system re-emerged