Sources for Our Knowledge. Of the Life and Teachings of Jesus of Nazareth Part One: The Gospels and other Christian Sources. Two Sets of Sources. Both Christian and non-Christian sources. All sources must be critically evaluated for: Authorship Date
Of the Life and Teachings of Jesus of Nazareth
Part One: The Gospels and other Christian Sources
Luke 1:1–3 1 Inasmuch as many have undertaken to compile a narrative of the things that have been accomplished among us, 2 just as those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and ministers of the word have delivered them to us, 3 it seemed good to me also, having followed all things closely for some time past, to write an orderly account ….
Identification of written or oral sources behind the gospels.
Analysis of why these stories and teachings were preserved in these forms by the early church.
Analysis of the theological viewpoint of each individual gospel author.
The same stories or teachings appear in two or more of the gospels. Could indicate common oral sources, but shared sequence could indicate written sources as well.
Evidence that the wording, and not just the substance, of the shared material was preserved. Could indicate written sources.