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Let’s Eat!. Safety. Poop!. Washing. General Health . 100. 100. 100. 100. 100. 200. 200. 200. 200. 200. 300. 300. 300. 300. 300. 400. 400. 400. 400. 400. 500. 500. 500. 500. 500. Why do we say that breast milk is best?. Breast Milk. Is easily digested

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Let’s Eat!

Safety

Poop!

Washing

General

Health

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Why do we say that breast milk is best?

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Breast Milk

  • Is easily digested

  • Has vitamins and minerals that are easily absorbed

  • Has antibodies to prevent infection

  • Is FREE!!

  • Helps mom lose weight quickly

  • Breastfeeding is a special part of the unique relationship between mom and baby

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What are some advantages of using formula?

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Advantages of Formula

  • Takes less time (leaving more time for other responsibilities)

  • Other family members can help give it to the baby (helps build relationships).

  • It’s easy to measure how much milk the baby is drinking

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How do we know if we’re producing enough breast milk?

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Breastfeeding

  • Many women think they can’t produce enough milk – this is almost never true.

  • What the baby asks for, the mom’s body will produce. Therefore, breastfeeding more often will make mom’s body produce more milk.

  • At first, it is usually necessary to breastfeed at least every 2 hours.

  • Mom has to stay well hydrated in order to produce milk, so it is important to drink plenty of liquids while breastfeeding.

  • At first, the breastfed baby may lose weight. This is normal.

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My baby is burping up all the milk! Why?

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Burps

  • Some babies need to be burped every ounce or two.

  • The baby’s tummy is the size of its hand. Babies will vomit if more than 2 or 3 ounces are given at once.

  • All newborns have hiccups. This is normal – they don’t need to be given water.

  • If your baby is vomiting with every feed, with a lot of force, or if the vomit is green, call your pediatrician.

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When can we start other types of food?

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Other Types of Food

  • During the first 4 months, babies should only take breast milk or formula.

  • They do not need water, juice, or cereal.

  • Honey, eggs, and other foods are very dangerous for babies.

  • Rice cereal in a bowl (not in the bottle) is often started around 4 months, and other solids are added at 6 months.

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In what position should we put our babies to sleep?

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Sleeping Position

  • BACK TO SLEEP!! To decrease the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), all babies must sleep on their backs.

  • Sleeping on the side IS NOT as safe as sleeping on the back.

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How do we decrease the risk of SIDS?

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Decreasing the Risk of SIDS

  • Back to sleep

  • Cribs should have a firm mattress with a sheet or blanket tucked in around the mattress. The blanket should reach no higher than the infant’s chest.

  • Do not put toys in the crib.

  • Do not smoke.

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How do we prevent lead poisoning?

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Lead

  • The paint in homes constructed before 1980 may contain lead.

  • Tell your pediatrician if you have old paint in your house or paint dust around your windowsills.

  • If family members work in construction or in factories, they should change their clothing and shower before being with the baby.

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My baby’s brother just fed him detergent! Who should I call?

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Poisonings

  • 911

  • 1-212-POISONS

  • Always bring the container of whatever the baby ingested with you to the Emergency Room.

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How do we prevent falls?

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Fall Prevention

  • Don’t put your baby on high surfaces

  • If you have to turn while changing the baby’s diaper, always keep one hand on the baby.

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What is the first poop of the baby called?

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Baby’s First Poop

  • Meconium

  • It is black and sticky, like tar.

  • Babies usually pass meconium for the first two to three days of life.

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How many times a day should the breastfed baby poop?

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Frequency of Poop with Breastfed Babies

  • At first, the breastfed baby may poop 10 times a day.

  • Later, there is a lot of variability: babies may poop with each feed or once every two days.

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How do we know when the baby is constipated?

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Constipation

  • With constipation, the poop is very hard, like stones or pebbles.

  • All babies strain and turn red when they are pooping – this is not constipation.

  • Talk to your pediatrician about any concerns you have regarding constipation.

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What does the baby’s poop look like?

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Poop

  • It is soft, sometimes with little seed-like pieces.

  • It may be yellow, green, or brown.

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How often do formula-fed babies poop?

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The Frequency of Poop in Formula-Fed Babies

  • Formula-fed babies usually poop once or twice a day.

  • Iron in the formula is necessary for the baby’s health – it does not cause constipation.

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When will the belly button fall off?

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Belly Buttons

  • Belly buttons usually fall off between 1-2 weeks of life.

  • Do not immerse the baby in water until the belly button looks like an adult belly button.

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Should we clean belly buttons?

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Cleaning the Belly Button

  • It is not necessary to clean the belly button.

  • If you like, you may clean around the belly button with alcohol (it does not hurt).

  • If the belly button becomes very smelly, red, or swollen, call your pediatrician.

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How do we bathe babies?

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Bathing

  • Use warm water with a delicate soap like Dove.

  • Do not use soap or lotion with perfumes.

  • Never leave the baby unattended while bathing.

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How do we clean the genitals of baby boys?

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Cleaning the Genitals of Baby Boys

  • Clean the genitals with warm water at each diaper change.

  • If the baby is circumcised, clean with warm water and apply “A&D” or antibacterial ointment.

  • Do not retract the foreskin of uncircumcised babies.

  • Call your pediatrician if the penis becomes swollen or red.

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How do we clean the genitals of baby girls?

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Cleaning the Genitals of Baby Girls

  • Wipe gently with warm water

  • Wipe from front to back

  • Baby girls may have vaginal bleeding due to mom’s hormones – this is normal and will pass.

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What is “Postpartum Depression?”

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Postpartum Depression

  • After childbirth, it is very common to be tearful or wish for more help and support.

  • Feelings of sadness, desperation, and helplessness may be signs of depression.

  • Call your obstetrician or pediatrician if you have these feelings – they can help.

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True or False: the birth of a baby may increase the risk of domestic violence against the mother

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Domestic Violence

  • True: the birth of a baby may increase the risk of domestic violence.

  • Domestic violence may be physical, emotional, mental, or verbal.

  • It can affect married couples, divorced couples, or dating couples.

  • You are not alone. Call your doctor for help. If you are in immediate danger, call 911.

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When should I start birth control?

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Birth Control

  • Now!

  • You should talk to your obstetrician about birth control before leaving the hospital.

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When should I call my pediatrician?

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Call Your Pediatrician When:

  • The baby has a temperature of 100.4 or more (measured rectally).

  • The baby is coughing a lot or having difficulty breathing.

  • The skin or eyes are becoming yellow.

  • The baby stops eating or peeing.

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When is the first pediatric visit?

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The First Pediatric Visit

  • Should be within the first two weeks of life.

  • Before you leave the hospital, make sure you have an appointment.

  • You can call you pediatrician with questions even before your first visit.

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