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Construct a Punnett and cross two heterozygous brown labs. What do we know? PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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RP. Construct a Punnett and cross two heterozygous brown labs. What do we know? If the brown phenotype is heterozygous, then we know that brown is dominant. We should use a B since brown is the dominant color. Complete the punnett and tell % of brown.

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Construct a Punnett and cross two heterozygous brown labs. What do we know?

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Construct a punnett and cross two heterozygous brown labs what do we know

RP

Construct a Punnett and cross two heterozygous brown labs.

What do we know?

If the brown phenotype is heterozygous, then we know that brown is dominant.

We should use a B since brown is the dominant color.

Complete the punnett and tell % of brown.


Construct a punnett and cross two heterozygous brown labs what do we know

  • Bb x Bb Where are the offspring?

  • B b

    B BB Bb

  • b Bb bb

    %% ~ Genotypes 25% BB 50% Bb 25%bb

    Phenotypes 75% Brown 25% Yellow

    Probability is that 75% of the pups will be brown.

25%

25%

25%

25%


Types of inheritance nb 16

Types of Inheritance NB# 16

This power point make not make much sense, but read through it and then go to the online text book and read pages 120-125 in the Holt text book.

Read over the worksheet “Types of Inheritance” and do as directed on the work sheet and the power point.


I dominant recessive mendelian

I. Dominant- RecessiveMendelian

  • Dominant allele masks or hides the physical expression of the recessive allele.

  • bb BB, Bb


Types of inheritance

What to notice here: That the recessive phenotype or trait is hidden by the dominant train. That is what Mendel called it.

Types of Inheritance


Construct a punnett and cross two heterozygous brown labs what do we know

NOW . . . Do the punnett on NB# 16

Homozygous no freckles X heterozygous freckles

Offspring

50% no freckles ff

50% with freckles Ff


Ii incomplete dominance blending

II. Incomplete dominance-blending

  • Alleles are neither dominant or recessive. Heterozygote is “blended” - between the two traits. Ex. Red allele combined with white allele will produce a pink flower in a case of incomplete dominance.


Pg 124 r 1 red allele r 2 white allele

Pg 124 R1 = red alleleR2 = white allele

  • R1 R1

  • R2

  • R1 R2 R1 R2

  • R2

  • R1 R2 R1 R2


Construct a punnett and cross two heterozygous brown labs what do we know

  • R1 R2 x R1 R2


Pg 124

Pg 124

  • R1 R2

  • R1

  • R2


Iii codominance no blending

III. Codominance-no blending

  • Shared expression of a trait. Each allele is expressed fully.

  • An example would be a variegated red and white flower, or blood type


Iv multiples alleles

IV. Multiples Alleles

  • More than two alleles. Suspect this when there are more than 2 phenotypes for a trait.

  • Add the following to NB#16

    There are 3 different alleles for blood type. A, B and O. A and B are co-dominant but O is recessive to both A and B.


Blood type

Blood type -

What do you already know?

A

B

AB

O

AA, AO

BB, BO

AB

OO


Iii multiples alleles

III. Multiples Alleles

  • Blood Type is controlled by more than two alleles.

  • A, B, and O- O is recessive

  • See 612-614 if you want to learn more about blood type


No response page today 3 12

No Response Page Today 3/12

Quiz over punnetts and using the words homozygous, heterozygous, genotype and phenotype is tomorrow.

Unit Test over Genetics is next Tuesday.

Open agendas and write that down.

Then silently read over #16


Sex linked

Sex Linked

  • Genes on the x or y chromosome

  • There are some recessive traits (hidden if dominant allele is present) that are found/located on the sex chromosomes. Males are determined by only one X chromosome and a Y chromosome

  • Females are determined by two x chromosomes


Construct a punnett and cross two heterozygous brown labs what do we know

  • If a trait is passed down to offspring and is caused by a gene on the X chromosome, male offspring will express the trait whether it is dominant or recessive

Ac stopped here


Pedigree

PEDIGREE


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