Exploring North America.
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Purpose of colonies is to help mother country. Colonies supposed to provide raw materials (fur, timber etc..) and a market for finished goods. Only allowed to trade with mother country.
Puts focus of newly created “global” econ on Europe.
African slavery Introduced to European colonies by the Portuguese in Brazil.
Had never really been a part of European society- colonial slavery was unique in scope and scale. 60% of pop. Of Brazil slave, 90% of population of Caribbean.
Peasants still the largest segment of the population- but not AS likely to be farming/rural.
Reformation led to need for better educated clergy. Growing commerce led to need for literate clerks- and lawyers. Growing empires needed educated bureaucrats
All this created more schools, and better opportunities- keys for social advancement. (at least for men)
# of children- married later.
Chapter 7: New Cultural and Scientific Developments
Renaissance art was an explosion of new ideas- which shifted into new area/forms as time period continued