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ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. What is ADHD?. According to the American Psychiatric Association:

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ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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Adhd attention deficit hyperactivity disorder l.jpg

ADHDAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder


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What is ADHD?

  • According to the American Psychiatric Association:

    • Persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is more frequently displayed and more severe than is typically observed in individuals at a comparable level of development


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What is ADHD?

Most common in boys- 3-5% of American children

Characteristics include: selective attention problems, sustained attention problems, impulsivity, and high levels of verbal and motor activity

The main thing for students with ADHD is to get them up and moving


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Important things to Remember

  • Regular movement helps with concentration and control of impulses

    • Classroom transition exercises

    • Lesson energizers

    • Structured movement

  • Establish a classroom that encourages beneficial movement


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    Important things to Remember

    • Exercise helps children cope with stress, promote positive self image, clearer thought, and improve memory

    • Don’t take away recess or free time for punishment

      • This is the time where children give their minds a rest from academic work and is a time for physical activity

      • This can cause classroom related problems


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    Important things to Remember

    • Movement during transition times

      • Transitions from one subject to the next are difficult for students with ADHD to cope with

      • Prepare them for these by: bathroom breaks, classroom chores to get them moving and then back to their desks for the next subject

      • Lesson energizers


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    Important things to Remember

    • Structured games at recess

      • Teach socially appropriate values and behaviors

    • Active response to curriculum

      • Use varied , interesting movement tasks during classroom activities and transitions


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    Take a trip Outside!

    • Nature is the new prescription

      • Being close to nature helps boost a child’s attention span

    • Outdoor spaces- foster creative play, relieve symptoms of ADHD and other attention disorders

    • The greener the space the more relief

    • ADHD symptoms may be aggravated by lack of exposure to nature


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    Bibliography

    Mulrine, C., Prater, M., & Jenkins, A. (2008, May). The Active Classroom. Teaching Exceptional Children, 40(5), 16-22. Retrieved March 12, 2009, from Academic Search Premier database.

    Louv, Richard (2008). Last Child in the Woods. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: Algonquin Books

    of Chapel Hill.

    Stormont, M. (2008, May). Increase Academic Success for Children With ADHD Using Sticky Notes and Highlighters. Intervention in School & Clinic, 43(5), 305-308. Retrieved March 12, 2009, from Academic Search Premier database.

    Treating ADHD in children and adolescents. (2008, October). Harvard Mental Health Letter, Retrieved March 12, 2009, from Academic Search Premier database.


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