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ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. What is ADHD?. According to the American Psychiatric Association:

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ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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ADHDAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

What is ADHD?

  • According to the American Psychiatric Association:

    • Persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is more frequently displayed and more severe than is typically observed in individuals at a comparable level of development

What is ADHD?

Most common in boys- 3-5% of American children

Characteristics include: selective attention problems, sustained attention problems, impulsivity, and high levels of verbal and motor activity

The main thing for students with ADHD is to get them up and moving

Important things to Remember

  • Regular movement helps with concentration and control of impulses

    • Classroom transition exercises

    • Lesson energizers

    • Structured movement

  • Establish a classroom that encourages beneficial movement

  • Important things to Remember

    • Exercise helps children cope with stress, promote positive self image, clearer thought, and improve memory

    • Don’t take away recess or free time for punishment

      • This is the time where children give their minds a rest from academic work and is a time for physical activity

      • This can cause classroom related problems

    Important things to Remember

    • Movement during transition times

      • Transitions from one subject to the next are difficult for students with ADHD to cope with

      • Prepare them for these by: bathroom breaks, classroom chores to get them moving and then back to their desks for the next subject

      • Lesson energizers

    Important things to Remember

    • Structured games at recess

      • Teach socially appropriate values and behaviors

    • Active response to curriculum

      • Use varied , interesting movement tasks during classroom activities and transitions

    Take a trip Outside!

    • Nature is the new prescription

      • Being close to nature helps boost a child’s attention span

    • Outdoor spaces- foster creative play, relieve symptoms of ADHD and other attention disorders

    • The greener the space the more relief

    • ADHD symptoms may be aggravated by lack of exposure to nature


    Mulrine, C., Prater, M., & Jenkins, A. (2008, May). The Active Classroom. Teaching Exceptional Children, 40(5), 16-22. Retrieved March 12, 2009, from Academic Search Premier database.

    Louv, Richard (2008). Last Child in the Woods. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: Algonquin Books

    of Chapel Hill.

    Stormont, M. (2008, May). Increase Academic Success for Children With ADHD Using Sticky Notes and Highlighters. Intervention in School & Clinic, 43(5), 305-308. Retrieved March 12, 2009, from Academic Search Premier database.

    Treating ADHD in children and adolescents. (2008, October). Harvard Mental Health Letter, Retrieved March 12, 2009, from Academic Search Premier database.

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