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Welcome. 动词的时态和语态. 近五年动词的语态和时态在高考中的复现率. 现在完成时. 考查比例较大的几点. 过去进行时. 状语从句的动词时态. 历年高考题练习. 现在完成时. 表示动作已经完成,强调过去 发生的某一动 作 对现在造成的影响和结果 。一般过去时仅仅说明 动作在过去 ,不强调对现在的影响。 常与一些时间状语连用:如: already; yet; by this time; just; ever; never; now; before; lately 等。. 例一: ---Where __you__ the key? I ___ it yet.

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Welcome

Welcome


Welcome

动词的时态和语态


Welcome

近五年动词的语态和时态在高考中的复现率


Welcome

现在完成时

考查比例较大的几点

过去进行时

状语从句的动词时态

历年高考题练习


Welcome

现在完成时

  • 表示动作已经完成,强调过去 发生的某一动作对现在造成的影响和结果。一般过去时仅仅说明动作在过去,不强调对现在的影响。 常与一些时间状语连用:如:already; yet; by this time; just; ever; never; now; before; lately 等。


Welcome

例一:

---Where __you__ the key? I ___ it yet.

A. did,put; didn’t find

B. did,put;haven’t found

C.have,put;haven’t found

D. have,put; didn’t find

B


Welcome

  • 例二:NMET97 上海 19题

  • ---Oh, it’s you! I ____ you.

  • ---I’ve just had my hair cut and I’m wearing new glasses.

  • didn’t recognize B. hadn’t recognized

  • C. haven’t recognized D. don’t recognize

A


Welcome

现在完成时

2. It is the first/second…time that 从句。的从句中 一般用 现在完成时。

另外:“It is/ has been + 一段时间+ since 从句…”中,从句动词通常用过去时,主句用完成时。


Welcome

现在完成时

3. 有些瞬间性动词不能和表示一段时间的时间状语连用。要连用时须用状态动词。成对的词有:

Become/be; die/be dead; leave/ be away; join the army/serve the army…


Welcome

  • 例三:NMET 92

  • ---Do you know our town at all?

  • --- No, this is the first time I ___ here.

  • was B. have been

  • C. came D. have gone

B


Welcome

例四: NMET84年

She ___ Robert for a year.

A.married B. married with

C. has been marrying

D. has been married to

D

Marry是瞬间性动作,不能和for +时间段的状语连用。要表示状态的用 has been married to sb.“和某人结婚”是marry to sb.


Welcome

过去进行时

1. 过去进行时表示过去某一时刻正在进行的动作。这一特定的时间可用时间状语连用。如:at that time; at 8 o’clock; when…

也可用上下暗示。


Welcome

  • 例五:NMET 1997 第10题

  • I first met Lisa three years ago. She ___ at a radio shop at the time.

  • has worked B. was working

  • C. had been working D. had worked

B


Welcome

例六:NMET 2001第 35题

___such heavy pollution already,it may now be too late to clean up the river.

A. Having suffered B.Suffering

C. To suffer D. Suffered

A


Welcome

  • 例七:NMET 1999 第 24 题

  • ---- Hey, look where you are going!

  • ---- Oh, I’m terribly sorry,______.

  • I’m not noticing B. I wasn’t noticing

  • C. I haven’t noticed D. I don’t notice

B


Welcome

2.过去进行时常用于由when、while、as引导的时间状语从句中,表示背景,引出由一般过去时表示的新动作。或:

过去进行时(表示背景)+when+ 一般过去时(新发生的动作)。此时when 相当于at that time; just then.


Welcome

  • 例八:NMET 2000 第25 题

  • The reporter said that the UFO ___

  • east to west when he saw it.

  • was travelling B. travelled

  • C.had been travelling D. was to travel

A


Welcome

时间、条件、程度状语从句中动词的时态

在if 、unless等词引导的条件状语从句,when till/until 、as soon as 、the time等词引导的时间状语从句,以及the more …the more结构引导的程度状语从句中,当主句中的动词用一般将来时,从句中的动词通常用一般现在时表示将来时间。


Welcome

  • 例 九:NMET94年 38题

  • I need one more stamp before my

  • collection _____.

  • has completed B. completes

  • C. has been completed D. is completed

D


Welcome

例十:NMET86

If it ___tomorrow, the sports meet will

not be held.

A. rains B. will rain

C. goes to rain D. shall rain

A


Welcome

总结性练习

B

1. When I was at college I ___three foreign languages,but I

_ all except a few words of each.

A. spoke; had forgotten B. spoke; have

forgotten

C. had spoken; had forgotten D. had spoken; have

forgotten

2. --- I haven’t heard from Henry for a long time.

--- What do you suppose ____ to him?

A. was happening B. to happen C. has happened D. had

happened

C

D

3. Jack ___ a postman for about six years.

A. has become B. has turned C. has changed D.

has been


Welcome

Thank you


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