Symbiotic relationships in coral reefs
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 43

Symbiotic Relationships in Coral Reefs PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 198 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Symbiotic Relationships in Coral Reefs. Symbiosis. “Living Together”. Types of Symbiosis. Mutualism Both the symbiont and host benefit. Commensalism The symbiont benefits with little effect on the host. Parasitism The symbiont benefits to the detriment of the host. Aegism

Download Presentation

Symbiotic Relationships in Coral Reefs

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Symbiotic Relationships in Coral Reefs


Symbiosis

“Living Together”


Types of Symbiosis

  • Mutualism

    • Both the symbiont and host benefit.

  • Commensalism

    • The symbiont benefits with little effect on the host.

  • Parasitism

    • The symbiont benefits to the detriment of the host.


  • Aegism

    • An association for protection

  • Inquilism

    • One organism shelters within another organisms

  • Endoecism

    • One org shelters in the burrow or defensive shelter of another

  • Phoresis

    • One org uses another for transportation

  • Epizoism

  • - A sessile org lives on top of another


Obligate Versus FacultativeRelationships


Obligate Relationship:

Relationship is necessary for organism to survive

Ex. coral and zooxanthellae

Facultative Relationship:

Can survive without symbiont, but not as well

Ex. anemone fish and anemone


Mutualism


zooxanthellae and corals


  • Zooxanthellae give corals:

  • Increase coral growth by enhancing calcification process

  • Provide energy

  • Give oxygen

  • Coral give zooxanthellae:

  • Nitrogen waste

  • A place to live

  • Carbon dioxide waste

  • Protection through their hard skeletons and stinging cells

  • Harmful UV light is filtered by coral pigments


Trapezia crab coming out of its host coral (Pocillopora damicornis) to attack the arm of an invading Crown of Thorns Starfish


anemonefish and sea anemones


goby shrimp and the Hawaiian shrimp goby


cleaner wrasse cleaning stations


banded coral shrimp


scarlet cleaner shrimp


pompom crabs and sea anemones


anemone hermit crab and sea anemones


Camouflage

Decorator Crab

Sponge crab


Hunting strategies


Mangrove and sponges


Commensalism


sea cucumber crab and sea cucumbers


Christmas tree worms and Porites corals


coral shrimps and corals


gall crabs and pocilloporid corals


petroglyph shrimp and Porites lobata


squat anemone shrimp and sea anemones


crabs and sea anemones


sea star shrimp and sea stars


urchin shrimp and sea urchins


shrimpfish & sea urchins


Barnacles on whale


Remora on whale shark (open water)


Parasitism


Epitomium snails andmushroom corals


parasitic flatworms and rice coral


parasitic nudibranchs


coral “zits” on Porites compressa


bacterial diseases on corals


Ewa “fangtooth” blenny


Cookie-cutter shark


Inquiry

  • Define mutualism, commensalism, and parasitism.

  • Provide examples of each.

  • What are the benefits the zooxanthellae and coral receive?


  • Login