Monday january 13 2014 warm up
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Monday, January 13, 2014 Warm Up:. Write the Formulas: Sodium/Chlorine Calcium/Sulfur Aluminum/Nitrogen Write the Names: BeBr 2 K 3 P B 2 O 3 Write the Formulas: Lithium Phosphide Cesium Sulfide Barium Bromide Where do you find the transition metals?.

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Monday, January 13, 2014 Warm Up:

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Monday january 13 2014 warm up

Monday, January 13, 2014 Warm Up:

Write the Formulas:

Sodium/Chlorine

Calcium/Sulfur

Aluminum/Nitrogen

Write the Names:

BeBr2

K3P

B2O3

Write the Formulas:

Lithium Phosphide

Cesium Sulfide

Barium Bromide

Where do you find the transition metals?


Naming ionic compounds with transition metals

Naming Ionic Compounds with Transition Metals


Transition metals

Transition Metals:

  • Metals found in the D-block on the periodic table

    • Get there name because most do NOT have only 1 oxidation state like the metals in S and P blocks.

      • Most have 2 or more oxidation states that they transition in and out of.

        Fe+2 and Fe+3


Common oxidation numbers for transition metals

Common Oxidation Numbers for Transition Metals:


Rules for naming transition metals

Rules for naming Transition Metals:

  • The name of the metal ALWAYS comes first:

    • The metal’s name is as it is on the periodic table

    • Identify the metals charge with Roman Numerals

  • The name of the nonmetal ALWAYS comes second.

    • Change the ending of the nonmetal to “ide”

  • Unswap and Undrop

    • Bring the subscripts back up to the opposite element (the elements should now have their actual oxidation number)

    • Double check the nonmetals (anions) oxidation number to make sure it is what it is supposed to be.

      FeCl3


  • Let s practice

    Let’s Practice:


    Naming transition metals

    Naming transition metals:

    • Name the metal

    • Name the nonmetal

    • Unswap and Undrop

    • Check the oxidation number

      FeO

      Fe+1 O-1

      Oxygen’s oxidation number is -2.

      5. Multiply to get Oxygen to it’s -2 oxidation number

      - multiply both Fe and O by 2 to get:

      Fe+2 and O-2

      6. Now name it:

      Iron (II) Oxide

    What is Oxygen’s oxidation number?


    Let s practice1

    Let’s Practice:


    Writing compounds from the name with transition metals

    Writing Compounds from the Name with Transition Metals:

    • Write out the ions and their charges for each element

      • Remember the charges for the transition metals is written in Roman Numerals

    • Drop the signs

    • Swap the numbers

    • Simplify if needed

      Copper (III) Nitride

      Cu+3 N-3

      Cu3N3CuN


    Let s practice2

    Let’s Practice:


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