Introduction to the social sciences
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Introduction to the Social Sciences. The Scientific Revolution. Rebirth of a scientific worldview The search for truth Reevaluation of preexisting knowledge Materialist conception of the universe Natural law and Deism. The Scientific Worldview. Rationalism and empiricism

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Presentation Transcript

The scientific revolution
The Scientific Revolution

  • Rebirth of a scientific worldview

  • The search for truth

  • Reevaluation of preexisting knowledge

  • Materialist conception of the universe

  • Natural law and Deism


The scientific worldview
The Scientific Worldview

  • Rationalism and empiricism

  • Methodology (Francis Bacon)

  • Skepticism and tentativity

  • Amorality of studies (impartiality and objectivity)

  • Transparency and sharing information

  • Admission of failure

  • Exploration of alternative explanations


The enlightenment and the birth of the social sciences
The Enlightenment and the Birth of the Social Sciences

  • Applying scientific methodology to the study of human behavior (Science of man)

  • Improvement of the human condition (Humanism)

  • Secular thought

    • Montesquieu

    • Adam Smith

    • Beccaria

    • Diderot

    • Voltaire


The social sciences
The Social Sciences

  • Political Science

  • Anthropology

  • Psychology

  • Economics

  • Sociology

  • History

  • International Relations


Some approaches to the social sciences
Some Approaches to the Social Sciences

  • Rational Choice Theory (individualism)

  • Conflict Theory (class or ideology)


Non scientific problem solving
Non-Scientific Problem Solving

  • Appeal to the supernatural (prayer and faith)

  • Pre-existing knowledge (experience)

  • Intuition (logic and instinct)


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