Meniere s disease
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Meniere's Disease PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Meniere's disease is a problem that is associated with the fluid balancing system in the inner ear. Generally, it is defined as the symptom complex of episodic vertigo (sensation of whirling and spinning), tinnitus (ringing, roaring, and hissing that usually occurs in one ear), aural pressure (feeling of pressure in the concerned ear), and fluctuating hearing loss.

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Meniere's Disease

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Meniere s disease

Meniere's Disease

CAUSES | SYMPTOMS | TREATMENTS


Introduction to meniere s disease

Introduction to Meniere’s Disease

  • Meniere's disease is a problem that is associated with the fluid balancing system in the inner ear. 

  • Generally, it is defined as the symptom complex of episodic vertigo (sensation of whirling and spinning), tinnitus (ringing, roaring, and hissing that usually occurs in one ear), aural pressure (feeling of pressure in the concerned ear), and fluctuating hearing loss.

  • It is usually a sensation of pressure building up in one ear with increasing tinnitus and a drop in hearing.


Causes of meniere s disease

Causes of Meniere’s Disease

The exact cause of Meniere’s Disease is unknown. Possible causes include:

  • Defective absorption by endolymphatic sac

  • Allergies

  • Sodium and water retention

  • Hypothyroidism

  • Autoimmune and viral aetiologies


Continue causes of meniere s disease

Continue:- Causes of Meniere’s Disease

  • Mumps

  • Syphilis

  • Head trauma

  • Previous infection

  • Hormonal (Pregnant women are more prone)


Symptoms of meniere s disease

Symptoms of Meniere’s Disease

  • Hearing Loss

  • Dizziness/Lightheadedness

  • Spontaneous, Voilent Vertigo

  • Ear Fullness and Pain

  • Tinnitus

  • Vision Problem

  • Nausea and Vomiting

  • Extreme Fatigue


Continue symptoms of meniere s disease

Continue:- Symptoms of Meniere’s Disease

  • Mental Disorientation

  • Poor Physical Coordination

  • Mood Swings

  • Hyperacusis

  • Photosensitivity

  • Reaction to food

  • Cold Sweat, Palpitation, or Rapid Pulse


Treatments of meniere s disease

Treatments of Meniere’s Disease

  • Treatments :-

    • 80% respond to salt restrictions and diuretics

    • Vestibular Suppressants

    • Corticosteroids orally and intratympanically

    • Intratympanic gentamicin (chemical labyrinthectomy)

  • Surgical Treatments:-

    • Endolymphatic sac decompression (ESD)

    • Cutting the vestibular division of CN VIII, sparing the auditory division

    • Labyrinthectomy


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