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State of Play: NTBs in NAMA. Workshop for African Group Countries: WTO NAMA Negotiations on NTBs 12-14 April 2010. Sanitary and phytosanitary Technical barriers to trade PSI and other formalities Price control or price-related measures Licenses, quotas, prohibitions

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State of play ntbs in nama

State of Play: NTBs in NAMA

Workshop for African Group Countries: WTO NAMA Negotiations on NTBs

12-14 April 2010


A broad range of interventions

Sanitary and phytosanitary

Technical barriers to trade

PSI and other formalities

Price control or price-related measures

Licenses, quotas, prohibitions

Charges, taxes, para-tariffs

Finance measures

Anti-competitive measures

Trade-related investment measures

Distribution restrictions

Restrictions on post-service sales

Subsidies

Procurement restrictions

A broad range of interventions


Definitions two challenges
Definitions: Two Challenges

NTBs are defined negatively: Any measure with a trade effect that is not a tariff

Challenge 1 - design and content:

  • Legitimate public policy

  • Legitimate public policy spiced with protection

  • Protection

    Challenge 2 – application of measures

  • Efficient, least cost administration of public policy

  • Excessive dead-weight costs, inefficient or deliberately cost-augmenting administration


Nama ntbs sequence of main events
NAMA – NTBs: Sequence of main events

2002/2003→ Generic proposals by Participants

Apr. 2003→ Overview of neg. proposals submitted, NTBs

Jan. 2003→1st Notification exercise

Aug. 2003→ Chair’s Draft Elements for Modalities, including NTBs

Oct. 2003→2nd Notification exercise

2004/2005→ Review and classification of notifications Where should the notified NTBs be negotiated?

(Continues…)


State of play ntbs in nama

2005 → Hong Kong:

bilateral, vertical and horizontal approaches

NTBs are being addressed in other for a, including negotiating groups

Need for specific negotiating proposals

2006/07→ 13 vertical and horizontal proposals were submitted by Participants (almost half are TBT related). Bilateral requests were also made (TN/MA/NTR/ series )

2008→ Should NTB negotiations finish with the modalities or subsequently? If the latter, then how?(TN/MA/W/103/Rev.3 P. 23-26)

2009→ Intensive technical work on the proposals (Q&A process);

Two new proposals have been received

NAMA – NTBs: Sequence of main events (cont.)


Nama ntbs inventory 2 nd exercise what type of measures were notified
NAMA NTBs Inventory (2nd exercise)What type of measures were notified?


Nama ntbs inventory 2 nd exercise which sectors faced the most measures
NAMA NTBs Inventory (2nd exercise)Which sectors faced the most measures?


Nama ntbs inventory 2 nd exercise where would the member concerned like to solve the issue
NAMA NTBs Inventory (2nd exercise)Where would the Member concerned like to solve the issue?

Each Member to decide where to

tackle the NTBs of its interest


December 2008 text tn ma w 103 rev 3 core elements
December 2008 text (TN/MA/W/103/Rev.3)Core Elements

  • Text based negotiations should continue on proposals after modalities are established. Seven “merit particular attention”

  • Aim is to finalize discussions on proposals as early as possible for their inclusion in any final package in NAMA

  • Members should pay attention to any systemic or cross-cutting issues, including those relating to the TBT Agreement, that may arise from these proposals

  • Negotiations on bilateral requests should proceed in tandem. Need to multilateralize the outcomes through inter alia incorporating them where appropriate into Part III of the schedules



State of play ntbs in nama

Chemicals – Argentina NAMA-11, NZ, Norway, Pakistan, CH

2


State of play ntbs in nama

Fireworks - China NAMA-11, NZ, Norway, Pakistan, CH

3


State of play ntbs in nama

Lighters - China NAMA-11, NZ, Norway, Pakistan, CH

4


State of play ntbs in nama

Elimination of unilateral NTBS - Cuba NAMA-11, NZ, Norway, Pakistan, CH

5


State of play ntbs in nama

Electronics – EU and Switzerland NAMA-11, NZ, Norway, Pakistan, CH

6


State of play ntbs in nama

Export taxes - EU NAMA-11, NZ, Norway, Pakistan, CH

7





State of play ntbs in nama

Electronic Goods - US Mauritius, Sri Lanka, US

11



State of play ntbs in nama

Automotive Products - US Mauritius, Sri Lanka, US

13


State of play ntbs in nama

Automotive Products - EU Mauritius, Sri Lanka, US

14



Summary cross cutting
Summary: Cross-Cutting Mauritius, Sri Lanka, US

  • Horizontal proposal

  • Cuba’s generic proposal

  • Export-related policies

  • Framework for industry-specific proposals


Summary sector specific
Summary: Sector-Specific Mauritius, Sri Lanka, US

  • Chemicals

  • Fireworks

  • Lighters

  • Remanufactured goods

  • Electronics

  • Textiles, clothing, footwear, leather goods

  • Forestry products

  • Automotive products


Some objectives underlying sector specific proposals
Some Objectives Underlying Sector-Specific Proposals Mauritius, Sri Lanka, US

  • Internationalization of standards

  • Common standards

  • Streamlining of standards-related procedures

  • Greater recognition of national procedures

  • Avoiding duplication

  • Willingness to consult

  • Guaranteeing transparency

  • Technical assistance


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