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Line Color Texture Value Shape Form Space. Balance Movement Emphasis Pattern (repetition) Unity (compare) Variety (contrast) Rhythm. Elements and Principles of Art. Elements. Line Color Texture Value Shape Form Space. Line.

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elements and principles of art
Line

Color

Texture

Value

Shape

Form

Space

Balance

Movement

Emphasis

Pattern (repetition)

Unity (compare)

Variety (contrast)

Rhythm

Elements and Principles of Art
elements
Elements
  • Line
  • Color
  • Texture
  • Value
  • Shape
  • Form
  • Space
slide3
Line

I. a continuous mark, made by a moving point, on a surface, or in space

A. Actual - Fully drawn lines or

Implied - Lines that are ‘hinted’ at

B. Directional

Vertical – Up and down

Horizontal – Side to side, like the horizon

Diagonal – Any line that is not vertical or horizontal.

C. Descriptive

Adjectives and Adverbs

the obvious
The Obvious

STRAIGHT

HORIZONTAL

VERTICAL

DIAGONAL

diego rivera the flower carrier 1935 48x48 in
Diego Rivera, The Flower Carrier, 1935, 48x48 in.

Note lines implied by directional gazes

slide9
Hokusai, KatsushikaThe Great Wave Off KanagawaFrom "Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji"1823-29Color woodcut10 x 15 in.
slide11
THE UPSTAIRSCharles Sheeler (American, b.1883, d.1965)1938oil on canvas19 1/2 x 12 3/4 in. (49.5 x 32.4 cm)

Lines create planes; planes suggest volume

color
Color

I. produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye.

II. All hues on the color spectrum, even hues not on the spectrum such as black and white.

A. Hue - the name we give to a color (red, yellow, etc.).

slide13

B. Intensity - the strength and vividness of the color. Describe the color blue as (bright, rich, vibrant) or "dull" (grayed).

C. Value-light or darkness of a color

primary secondary
PRIMARY & secondary

RED

PURPLE

BLUE

GREEN

YELLOW

ORANGE

texture
Texture

Actual texture- the way something actually feels

Implied texture- the way something appears to feel visually

value
Value

IV. The lightness or darkness of a color. The terms shade and tint are in reference to value changes in colors

A. Tint - when white is added to a pure hue

B. Shade - when black is added to a pure hue

C. Tone – when white AND black are added to a color

shape
Shape

A. Space that is contained within edges

B. Organic-irregular – An irregular 2D enclosed area, like that which might be found in nature.

B. Geometric-has a strict

pattern – 2D enclosed area

created by exact mathematical law.

slide26
Form

A. A 3D space

B. Organic – An irregular 3D enclosed area, like that which might be found in nature.

C. Geometric– 3D enclosed area that has a strict pattern

volume
VOLUME

LINE  SHAPE  VOLUME

Implied in painting; actual in sculpture

space
Space

A. The appearance of depth in art

B. Actual – the real distance between or around areas or components within of a piece.

C. Implied/illusionary - the appearance of space or depth within a work of art.

D. Positive – Solid areas or objects

E. Negative – ‘air’ around solid objects, space where other things are not present

principles
Principles
  • Balance
  • Movement
  • Emphasis
  • Pattern (repetition)
  • Unity (compare)
  • Variety (contrast)
  • Rhythm
balance
Balance

the ways in which the elements (lines, shapes, etc.) of a piece are arranged

Symmetrical - elements are given equal "weight" from an imaginary line in the middle of a piece.

Near symmetry- same weight…not the same stuff.

Asymmetrical - occurs when elements are placed unevenly in a piece, but work together to produce harmony overall.

movement
Movement

a visual flow through the composition as you move from object to object by way of placement and position

Actual – an object that has true motion.

Implied - the suggestion of motion in a design.

emphasis
Emphasis
  • What stands out in the art and what draws the viewer’s attention in.
pattern repetition
Pattern(Repetition)

the repetition of an element (or elements) in a work

unity compare
Unity(Compare)
  • How an artworks are similar or alike or how they go together.
variety contrast
Variety(Contrast)
  • How things are different. This creates visual interest.

High contrast= VERY different

Low contrast= a little different

rhythm
Rhythm
  • Rhythm, in art, is a visual beat.
bibliography
Bibliography
  • http://www.princetonol.com/groups/iad/Files/elements2.htm
  • http://arthistory.about.com/od/glossary/Art_History_Glossary.htm
  • http://www.sculpture-painting.co.uk/art_terms.htm
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