Elements and principles of art
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Line Color Texture Value Shape Form Space. Balance Movement Emphasis Pattern (repetition) Unity (compare) Variety (contrast) Rhythm. Elements and Principles of Art. Elements. Line Color Texture Value Shape Form Space. Line.

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Elements and Principles of Art

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Line

Color

Texture

Value

Shape

Form

Space

Balance

Movement

Emphasis

Pattern (repetition)

Unity (compare)

Variety (contrast)

Rhythm

Elements and Principles of Art


Elements

  • Line

  • Color

  • Texture

  • Value

  • Shape

  • Form

  • Space


Line

I. a continuous mark, made by a moving point, on a surface, or in space

A. Actual - Fully drawn lines or

Implied - Lines that are ‘hinted’ at

B. Directional

Vertical – Up and down

Horizontal – Side to side, like the horizon

Diagonal – Any line that is not vertical or horizontal.

C. Descriptive

Adjectives and Adverbs


The Obvious

STRAIGHT

HORIZONTAL

VERTICAL

DIAGONAL


Barnett Newman, Dionysius, 1944, 67x49in.


Barnett Newman, Yellow Painting, 1949


Diego Rivera, The Flower Carrier, 1935, 48x48 in.

Note lines implied by directional gazes


Hokusai, KatsushikaThe Great Wave Off KanagawaFrom "Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji"1823-29Color woodcut10 x 15 in.


Clyfford Still, 1957, No.1


THE UPSTAIRSCharles Sheeler (American, b.1883, d.1965)1938oil on canvas19 1/2 x 12 3/4 in. (49.5 x 32.4 cm)

Lines create planes; planes suggest volume


Color

I. produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye.

II. All hues on the color spectrum, even hues not on the spectrum such as black and white.

A. Hue - the name we give to a color (red, yellow, etc.).


B. Intensity - the strength and vividness of the color. Describe the color blue as (bright, rich, vibrant) or "dull" (grayed).

C. Value-light or darkness of a color


PRIMARY & secondary

RED

PURPLE

BLUE

GREEN

YELLOW

ORANGE


COLOR WHEEL

HUE


Robert Delaunay, Circular Forms, c. 1912


Texture

Actual texture- the way something actually feels

Implied texture- the way something appears to feel visually


Meret Oppenheim, Fur covered cup, saucer, and spoon, 1936 (a.k.a. The Object)


VAN GOGH, VincentThe Starry Night1889, Oil on canvas, 29 x 36 1/4 in

p. 383


Value

IV. The lightness or darkness of a color. The terms shade and tint are in reference to value changes in colors

A. Tint - when white is added to a pure hue

B. Shade - when black is added to a pure hue

C. Tone – when white AND black are added to a color


Shape

A. Space that is contained within edges

B. Organic-irregular – An irregular 2D enclosed area, like that which might be found in nature.

B. Geometric-has a strict

pattern – 2D enclosed area

created by exact mathematical law.


Geometric Shapes:


Organic Shapes


Form

A. A 3D space

B. Organic – An irregular 3D enclosed area, like that which might be found in nature.

C. Geometric– 3D enclosed area that has a strict pattern


Organic Forms


VOLUME

LINE  SHAPE  VOLUME

Implied in painting; actual in sculpture


What is the form of this can of soup by Andy Warhol?


Space

A. The appearance of depth in art

B. Actual – the real distance between or around areas or components within of a piece.

C. Implied/illusionary - the appearance of space or depth within a work of art.

D. Positive – Solid areas or objects

E. Negative – ‘air’ around solid objects, space where other things are not present


Space


Principles

  • Balance

  • Movement

  • Emphasis

  • Pattern (repetition)

  • Unity (compare)

  • Variety (contrast)

  • Rhythm


Balance

the ways in which the elements (lines, shapes, etc.) of a piece are arranged

Symmetrical - elements are given equal "weight" from an imaginary line in the middle of a piece.

Near symmetry- same weight…not the same stuff.

Asymmetrical - occurs when elements are placed unevenly in a piece, but work together to produce harmony overall.


How is this photograph balanced? Is it symmetrical, near symmetrical, or asymmetrical?


Movement

a visual flow through the composition as you move from object to object by way of placement and position

Actual – an object that has true motion.

Implied - the suggestion of motion in a design.


Toulouse Lautrec, Marcelle Lender Dancing the Bolero


Emphasis

  • What stands out in the art and what draws the viewer’s attention in.


Pattern(Repetition)

the repetition of an element (or elements) in a work


Unity(Compare)

  • How an artworks are similar or alike or how they go together.


Variety(Contrast)

  • How things are different. This creates visual interest.

    High contrast= VERY different

    Low contrast= a little different


Rhythm

  • Rhythm, in art, is a visual beat.


Bibliography

  • http://www.princetonol.com/groups/iad/Files/elements2.htm

  • http://arthistory.about.com/od/glossary/Art_History_Glossary.htm

  • http://www.sculpture-painting.co.uk/art_terms.htm


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