# DeJoy’s Super Hard But Exciting Morning Challenge : Decode the Message (first one wins) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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DeJoy’s Super Hard But Exciting Morning Challenge : Decode the Message (first one wins).

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DeJoy’s Super Hard But Exciting Morning Challenge : Decode the Message (first one wins)

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### DeJoy’sSuper Hard But Exciting Morning Challenge: Decode the Message (first one wins)

In this code system, each letter of the alphabet and each of the numbers from 1 to 9 appears in the matrix of the grid. Each letter in the grid is replaced by two letters in the coded message. The first letter in the message is from the vertical axis of the grid, and the second letter is from its horizontal axis. For example, if "DG" were the first two letters to decipher in a cryptogram, you would find the letter "D" on the vertical axis and the letter "G" on the horizontal axis. Trace them across the grid to their intersection at the letter "A" in the plaintext.

## Journal 5: Copy down this definition in notes and respond to the following question

Isolationism:A government policy of not taking part in economic or political alliances or relations with other nations.

Do countries enter into wars for positive reasons too? Is there such thing as a “good” war? Explain, why or why not.

What does this have to do with WW1?

### US Economic Involvement

• US technically neutral (until April1917)

• Many US firms had strong ties to the allies

• “Our firm had never for one moment been neutral…we did everything we could to contribute to the cause of the Allies.” – Officer for Morgan Bank

• Why did the US side with the Allies then?

Reasons for US Involvement

• German Submarine Warfare

• 2) The Zimmerman note

• 3) US Sympathizes with the AlliesInfluence of propagandaSupport for other democraciesThreatened by aggressive Germany

• ### The Lusitania

• British ship torpedoed by German sub

• 128 Americans

• Increases anti-German feelings in US

### THE ZIMMERMAN TELEGRAPH

• From German Foreign Minister Zimmermann to the German Minister to Mexico, von Eckhardt

• Offering Mexico territory in US in return for joining the German cause

• Brings US into the war

• Same time that Russia falls into Revolution

• Brest-Litovsk

### US Enters

• “The War to End All Wars”?

• US Idealism?

• Who will win?

• Stay tuned…

### What Is Propaganda?

• A form of communication aimed at influencing the attitude of a community toward some cause or position.

• Information or rumors spread by a group or government to promote its cause/ideas or to damage an opposing cause.

### For Each Slide…

• Pick 1 picture (you will write 4 pictures total)

• Describe the picture

• What do you see

• Who is pictured

• What is happening

• Who is shown in a positive way? Who is shown in a negative way?

• Think about who probably made the picture (Allies or Central Powers)

• What is the main message

• What kind of response is the author looking to create (emotions, actions, etc).

### Effects of Propaganda

• How did the propagandists get their point across?

• Did you notice any particular persuasive techniques?

• Common themes?

• What kinds of problems did this cause after the war?

Simplification - reduces a complex situation to a clear-cut choice involving good and evil.The plain folks/Bandwagon - Try to convince the public that views reflect those of the common person and that they are also working for the benefit of the common person. “Everyone’s doing it….”Name Calling - The propaganda attempts to arouse prejudice among the public by labeling the target something that the public dislikes. Jokes and other images that mock.The "lesser of two evils" technique tries to convince us of an idea or proposal by presenting it as the least offensive option. This technique is often implemented during wartime to convince people of the need for sacrifices or to justify difficult decisions.Slippery Slope – Appeals to the idea that by letting one thing happen it will open the door for even worse things in the future.Argument by repetition – mr.dejoy is awesome, mr.dejoy is awesome

### Open Notes Quiz

In Flanders Fields: John McCrae

In Flanders fields the poppies blow

Between the crosses, row on row,

That mark our place; and in the sky

The larks, still bravely singing, fly

Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the Dead. Short days ago

We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,

Loved and were loved, and now we lie

In Flanders fields.

Take up our quarrel with the foe:

To you from failing hands we throw

The torch; be yours to hold it high.

If ye break faith with us who die

We shall not sleep, though poppies grow

In Flanders fields.

### Total War

• In a total war, there is less and sometimes no differentiation between combatants and non-combatants (civilians) as civilians and soldiers alike, can be considered to be part of the war effort.

• Effect of Industrial Revolution

### Role of Woman During the War

• Women left to handle everything at home

• Women begin working in war industries

• Many become nurses or join armed forces

• New sense of pride, confidence, independence

• Leads to greater rights (voting, professional growth, etc)

### America Enters the War

• US enters late

• “We have no selfish ends to serve”

• Wilson’s 14 points

• Freedom of seas, free trade, arms reductions, no more secret treaties, self-determination, organization to keep the peace.

• Americans provide much needed support

• Germany launches last major offensive (July 1918) and fails

### End of War

• Germany realizes war cannot be won

• Kaiser William II forced to step down

• Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria also decide to ask for peace

• Armistice (agree to end fighting) 11:00, November 11, 1918

### Now What?

• What to do with:

1) Germany, Austria, and Europe as a whole

2) Disputed land

3) War debts

4) Prevent another war

Allied Leaders Meet in Paris to create treaty

### Clemenceau

• Old man who had seen France invaded in 1870 as well as 1914

• France had suffered greatly during the war.

• Known as a hard and uncompromising person (nicknamed the tiger).

• Wants Germany to pay for what it had done to France and make sure Germany can never threaten France again.

### Lloyd George

• Prime Minister of Great Britain

• Was a realist and saw the need for compromise

• New that punishing Germany too much would cause problems

• However, he had promised during election to punish Germany

### Woodrow Wilson

• An idealist and reformer who saw war as a means to end further conflict in the future.

• Believed a league of nations that binds all nations together would be ideal

• 14 points

• Wanted a Europe that would still be able to trade with the US

### Tomorrow…

• You will role play as one of these people

• Work together to come up with a solution for what to do about Europe