The historical forms of church government
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The Historical Forms of Church Government. Forms of Church Government . There are only three forms, with many variations with each. Episcopal Presbyterian Congregational. Episcopalian. Archbishop Bishop Rector Congregation. Episcopalian Denominations. Orthodox Anglican

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The historical forms of church government

The Historical Forms ofChurch Government


Forms of church government
Forms of Church Government

  • There are only three forms, with many variations with each.

    • Episcopal

    • Presbyterian

    • Congregational


Episcopalian
Episcopalian

  • Archbishop

  • Bishop

  • Rector

  • Congregation


Episcopalian denominations
Episcopalian Denominations

  • Orthodox

  • Anglican

  • Roman Catholic

  • Methodist


Episcopalian the defense
Episcopalian: The Defense

  • Church history

  • The position and authority of James in Acts 15

  • Titus and Timothy’s role over several churches

  • It is not forbidden in the New Testament


The arguments against episcopalianism
The Arguments AgainstEpiscopalianism

  • In the New Testament, bishop is not a distinct office but a synonym for elder.

  • There is no New Testament evidence that bishops were designed to replace the apostles.


Presbyterian
Presbyterian

  • General Assembly

  • Synod

  • Presbytery

  • Session/Consistory

  • Congregation


Presbyterian the denominations
Presbyterian: The Denominations

  • Presbyterians (PCA, OPC, RPCNA, PCUSA, ARP, Split P, etc.)

  • Miscellaneous Reformed Churches (RCA, CRC, etc.)


Presbyterian the defense
Presbyterian: The Defense

  • The opportunity for gifted men to serve beyond their local church

  • A demonstration of the unity of the Body of Christ

  • The connection between ruling and teaching in 1 Timothy 5:17

  • The example of the Jerusalem Council Acts 15)

  • The command of Titus 1:5


The arguments against presbyterianism
The Arguments AgainstPresbyterianism

  • Scripture nowhere calls for elders to have authority beyond their local flock.

  • Acts 15 cannot be used to defend Presbyterianism:

    – The apostles were present and in leadership

    – The church at Antioch voluntarily requested the help of the Jerusalem church

    – The entire Jerusalem church sent the letter (15:22)

    – “If this narrative gives support to regional government by elders, it therefore also gives support to regional government by whole congregations!” (Grudem)


Congregational
Congregational

  • Ultimate authority for each local church resides within that church; each church is completely autonomous.

  • The Denominations

    o Congregational

    o Baptist

    o Mennonite

    o Evangelical Free

    o Independents


The many faces of congregationalism
The Many Faces ofCongregationalism


Single elder single pastor
Single-Elder (Single-Pastor)

  • Pastor

  • Deacon Board

  • Congregation


Corporate board model
Corporate Board Model

  • Church Board

  • Pastor

  • Congregation


Pure democracy
Pure Democracy

Congregation



Plural local elder
Plural Local Elder

  • Pastor and Elders are equal

  • Congregation


The new testament passages
The New Testament Passages

  • Acts 11:30; 15:2,4,6,22,23; 16:4; 21:18

  • James 5:14

  • Acts 14:23

  • Acts 20:17

  • Acts 20:28

  • Philippians 1:1

  • Titus 1:5

  • 1 Peter 5:1


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