The historical forms of church government
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The Historical Forms of Church Government. Forms of Church Government. There are only three forms, with many variations with each. Episcopal Presbyterian Congregational. Episcopalian. Archbishop Bishop Rector Congregation. Episcopalian Denominations. Orthodox Anglican

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The Historical Forms of Church Government

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The historical forms of church government

The Historical Forms ofChurch Government


Forms of church government

Forms of Church Government

  • There are only three forms, with many variations with each.

    • Episcopal

    • Presbyterian

    • Congregational


Episcopalian

Episcopalian

  • Archbishop

  • Bishop

  • Rector

  • Congregation


Episcopalian denominations

Episcopalian Denominations

  • Orthodox

  • Anglican

  • Roman Catholic

  • Methodist


Episcopalian the defense

Episcopalian: The Defense

  • Church history

  • The position and authority of James in Acts 15

  • Titus and Timothy’s role over several churches

  • It is not forbidden in the New Testament


The arguments against episcopalianism

The Arguments AgainstEpiscopalianism

  • In the New Testament, bishop is not a distinct office but a synonym for elder.

  • There is no New Testament evidence that bishops were designed to replace the apostles.


Presbyterian

Presbyterian

  • General Assembly

  • Synod

  • Presbytery

  • Session/Consistory

  • Congregation


Presbyterian the denominations

Presbyterian: The Denominations

  • Presbyterians (PCA, OPC, RPCNA, PCUSA, ARP, Split P, etc.)

  • Miscellaneous Reformed Churches (RCA, CRC, etc.)


Presbyterian the defense

Presbyterian: The Defense

  • The opportunity for gifted men to serve beyond their local church

  • A demonstration of the unity of the Body of Christ

  • The connection between ruling and teaching in 1 Timothy 5:17

  • The example of the Jerusalem Council Acts 15)

  • The command of Titus 1:5


The arguments against presbyterianism

The Arguments AgainstPresbyterianism

  • Scripture nowhere calls for elders to have authority beyond their local flock.

  • Acts 15 cannot be used to defend Presbyterianism:

    – The apostles were present and in leadership

    – The church at Antioch voluntarily requested the help of the Jerusalem church

    – The entire Jerusalem church sent the letter (15:22)

    – “If this narrative gives support to regional government by elders, it therefore also gives support to regional government by whole congregations!” (Grudem)


Congregational

Congregational

  • Ultimate authority for each local church resides within that church; each church is completely autonomous.

  • The Denominations

    o Congregational

    o Baptist

    o Mennonite

    o Evangelical Free

    o Independents


The many faces of congregationalism

The Many Faces ofCongregationalism


Single elder single pastor

Single-Elder (Single-Pastor)

  • Pastor

  • Deacon Board

  • Congregation


Corporate board model

Corporate Board Model

  • Church Board

  • Pastor

  • Congregation


Pure democracy

Pure Democracy

Congregation


No government but the holy spirit

No Government but the Holy Spirit

  • Congregation


Plural local elder

Plural Local Elder

  • Pastor and Elders are equal

  • Congregation


The new testament passages

The New Testament Passages

  • Acts 11:30; 15:2,4,6,22,23; 16:4; 21:18

  • James 5:14

  • Acts 14:23

  • Acts 20:17

  • Acts 20:28

  • Philippians 1:1

  • Titus 1:5

  • 1 Peter 5:1


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