Kitchen Lighting Basics. ID-240 Interior Design II. Types of light. General: 35 – 50 Foot Candles Task: Where work is done Accent: For visual interest Make sure if mixing lamps (LED, Incandescent or Fluorescent that you keep the temperature the same color. Types of Lamps (bulbs).
ID-240 Interior Design II
A Lamp: Incandescent Lamp (pear shaped) Typical A-19 Lamp
R Lamp: Contain an internal reflector to direct light in one direction Common: R-20, R-30 and R-40
T Lamp: Tubular Lamps: Fluorescent lamps contain a small amount of mercury. Typical sizes: T5 & T8.
HID: High Intensity Discharge: MR-16 (Multifaceted Reflector) Low-voltage, typically 12 volts.
Lamp sizes: diameter is measured in 1/8”. For example a T-8 tube is 1” in diameter while a T-5 tube is smaller at 5/8”.
Newest technology. An LED is fundamentally different than other lamps. No filament, gas or fragile glass enclosure. It is an e semiconductor device.
This is a low voltage method that requires a “driver” – similar to a ballast.
These lights are more expensive but can last upwards of 50,000 hours vs. 750 hours for a typical incandescent lamp.
Adjustable fixtures allow light to focus on objects of interest such as art, signage, or interior surfaces.