What is the purpose of a comma?
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What is the purpose of a comma? If you could be any Disney/Pixar character, who would it be and why? Explain in at least 3-4 sentences! In your writing, use commas. Bellwork:. ,. THE COMMA, Part ONE. Objective and Homework.

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What is the purpose of a comma?

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  • What is the purpose of a comma?

  • If you could be any Disney/Pixar character, who would it be and why? Explain in at least 3-4 sentences! In your writing, use commas.

Bellwork:


,

THE COMMA,

Part ONE


Objective and Homework

  • You will demonstrate understanding of comma rules 1-4 by correctly identifying comma placement in sample sentences.

  • PURPOSE: using commas properly will help create clarity in your writing and also help you to avoid OVERUSING commas (Improve Conventions score)

  • Fill in commas for example sentences on Edmodo. (Due WEDNESDAY)


The Real reason to learn commas…

  • The world is a scary place without them…


Let’s eat, grandma!


Let’s eat grandma!


Avoid skin and face when spraying.


Avoid skin, and face when spraying.


  • The North American Panda eats shoots and leaves.


The North American Panda eats, shoots, and leaves.


Rule #1: What’s the rule!?

Examples

Non-examples

I like to run and hate to swim.

We could go to the mall or the store

Batman Rises was a decent film most of the dialogue is unintelligible.

Justin Bieber is my favorite music artist and dancer.

  • I like to run, and I hate to swim.

  • We could go to the mall, or we could go to the store.

  • Batman Rises was a decent film, yet most of the dialogue is unintelligible.

  • Justin Bieber is my favorite music artist, and he is my favorite dancer.


COMMAS

RULE # 1

  • Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction joining independent clauses

EXAMPLE: Mirano eats peanut butter toast for breakfast every morning, but he also drinks coffee.


Coordinating Conjunctions!

  • For

  • And

  • Nor

  • But

  • Or

  • Yet

  • So


SEMCOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

1. Mirano turned off NSYNC but he continued to listen in his mind.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

1. Mirano turned off NSYNC,but he continued to listen in his mind.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

2. South Park is not watched much by adults for they do not understand its humor.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

2. South Park is not watched much by adults, for they do not understand its humor.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

3. She went to the beach she surfed until the sun went down.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

3. She went to the beach she surfed until the sun went down.

NO COMMA!

WHY?


COMMAS

RULE # 2

  • Use after an introductory clause or phrase

EXAMPLE: When Irwin was ready to eat, his cat jumped onto the table.


Introductory clauses start with adverbs like…

  • After

  • Although

  • As

  • Because

  • Before

  • If

  • Since

  • Though

  • Until

  • When


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

1. If you want to buy a yearbook you’d better do it before they all sell out.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

1. If you want to buy a yearbook, you’d better do it before they all sell out.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

2. As your English teacher I want each of you to be successful.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

2. As your English teacher, I want each of you to be successful.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

3. Lighting the area like a second moon the helicopter circled the crime scene.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

3. Lighting the area like a second moon, the helicopter circled the crime scene.


BW12 August 2014

  • Fix the following example sentences by inserting a comma and/or a FANBOY; if there should be no comma, say, “no comma” and explain why.

  • Mirano likes to cook and play tennis.

  • Mirano went to Flagstaff he rode his bike into a volcano.

  • In the beginning of his speech he claims to have gone swimming with sharks.

  • He bought pickles and ice-cream and he had a wonderful afternoon.


COMMAS

RULE #3

  • Use between all items in a series

EXAMPLE – Bubbles of air, leaves, bits of wood, and insects are often found trapped in amber.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

1. Uncle Morty gave Falula all of his beanie babies houses and warehouses.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

1. Uncle Morty gave Falula all of his beanie babies,houses, and warehouses.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

2. Mirano went to the French Bulldog meet up stole a French Bulldog and ran for his life.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

2. Mirano went to the French Bulldog meet-up, stole a French Bulldog, and ran for his life.


COMMAS

RULE #4

  • Use commas to set off nonessential clauses

EXAMPLE –Barack Obama, while enjoying some rest and relaxation in Mexico, likes to eat tacos.


COMMAS

RULE #4

  • NONESSENTIAL CLAUSE: contains information that is not necessary to the meaning of the sentence. It can be left out and not change the main idea of the sentence.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

1. Mirano following Cooking Light’s newest recipe for vegetable lasagna made a dinner that was incredibly delicious.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

1. Mirano, following Cooking Light’s newest recipe for vegetable lasagna, made a dinner that was incredibly delicious.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

2. Teachers who always have papers to grade do not get time to clean their houses on the weekends.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

2. Teachers, who always have papers to grade, do not get time to clean their houses on the weekends.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

3. Mirano enjoys going to the beach in San Diego because it gives him a chance to work on a tan.


SEMICOLONS

COMMAS

Practice:

3. Mirano enjoys going to the beach in San Diego because it gives him a chance to work on a tan.

NO COMMA!

WHY?


LET’S PRACTICE!

Take a moment to review all four rules in your mind. Let’s practice!

1. When your family drinks lots of soda at dinner it can make it hard to fall asleep later in the evening.


LET’S PRACTICE!

Take a moment to review all four rules in your mind. Let’s practice!

1. When your family drinks lots of soda at dinner, it can make it hard to fall asleep in the evening.


LET’S PRACTICE!

Read the following sentences and decide where the comma goes in each sentence.

2. Lucky Charms Honey Nut Cheerios and Frosted Flakes are some of Mirano’s favorite cereals to eat.


LET’S PRACTICE!

Read the following sentences and decide where the comma goes in each sentence.

2. Lucky Charms, Honey Nut Cheerios, and Frosted Flakes are some of Mirano’s favorite cereals to eat.


LET’S PRACTICE!

Read the following sentences and decide where the comma goes in each sentence.

3. When today is over each of you will have a quiz on commas.


LET’S PRACTICE!

Read the following sentences and decide where the comma goes in each sentence.

3. When today is over, each of you will have a quiz on commas.


LET’S PRACTICE!

Read the following sentences and decide where the comma goes in each sentence.

4. Trevor wants to go to the beach he really doesn’t want to be in the Arizona sun any longer.


LET’S PRACTICE!

Read the following sentences and decide where the comma goes in each sentence.

4. Trevor wants to go to the beach he really doesn’t want to be in the Arizona sun any longer.

AAH! NO COMMA!


LET’S PRACTICE!

Read the following sentences and decide where the comma goes in each sentence.

5. Mirano claims to be smarter than his girlfriend yet Mirano can’t seem to figure out how to balance his finances.


LET’S PRACTICE!

Read the following sentences and decide where the comma goes in each sentence.

5. Mirano claims to be smarter than his girlfriend,yet Mirano can’t seem to figure out how to balance his finances.


LET’S PRACTICE!

Read the following sentences and decide where the comma goes in each sentence.

6. Gravity which just came out on blue-ray is one of the best movies of all time.


LET’S PRACTICE!

Read the following sentences and decide where the comma goes in each sentence.

6. Gravity, which just came out on blue-ray, is one of the best movies of all time.


Intermittent Closure

  • Go back into your Cornell notes and name each of the rules we have covered.

  • Add 3 questions, categorizations, main ideas, applications, etc. to your Cornell notes.


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