CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology
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CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology. Date 090908. Overview. Conventional Targeting Cycle (D3A) Modifications for Counterinsurgency Nesting Targeting Cycles CARVER Technique Target Tracking Tools Using a tracking matrix Target Storyboards Target Dossiers

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CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology

Date 090908

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


Overview
Overview

  • Conventional Targeting Cycle (D3A)

  • Modifications for Counterinsurgency

    • Nesting Targeting Cycles

    • CARVER Technique

  • Target Tracking Tools

    • Using a tracking matrix

  • Target Storyboards

  • Target Dossiers

  • Integration of MEF assets for target development

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


Conventional targeting d3a
Conventional TargetingD3A

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


Counterinsurgency targeting d3a

  • PIRs Drafted

  • SIRs established

Counterinsurgency TargetingD3A

  • Actions completed

  • Frag-O issued

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


Timing the targeting cycle
Timing the Targeting Cycle

  • How long do we need?

    • Depends on targets, mission, and supporting assets

    • Some targets may be worth passing immediately with the CO’s authorization as a TST or high-priority target

    • HET, CAG, SJA may need to plan approach to a human target

  • Minimize staff time

    • One day between Board and Meeting

    • 12 hours between Meeting and Frag-O

  • Supporting docs are a continuing action

    • Dossiers, storyboards always kept updated

    • Allows instant insertion as enclosures to the Frag-O

Targeting Board

Targeting

Meeting

Debriefs

Reports

Frag-O

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


Nesting targeting cycles
Nesting Targeting Cycles

Battalion

Company

Targeting

Board

(Timeline)

Company

Company

Battalion Targeting Cycle serves as a template for a smaller-scale and less formal process at the company level

Company CO’s convene a board (XO, GySgt, Intel Cell) and set the HVTL then assign missions to platoons based on identified intel gaps

This fills out the remaining “white space” after Battalion has assigned its priority missions

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


  • DIIRs

  • TAREX

  • Patrol Reports

ALL

TARGETING MEETING SLIDE

STORYBOARDS

Targeting Board

ASAP

1 DAY

Targeting Cycle

SAMPLE PIR LIST

Debriefs

Reports

Targeting

Meeting

Action on Target

MISSION

DEPENDENT

12 HRS

Frag-O

TARGET DOSSIER

SAMPLE FRAG-O

STORYBOARD

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


The matrix target tracking
The Matrix- Target Tracking

One Artillery Target number is assigned to each target in the Matrix.

Associates without distinct identities (activity, locations, photos) are designated by a, b, c following the target number of the most important individual

Each target number appears on the storyboard for quick reference (see storyboard slide)

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


The matrix name
The Matrix- Name

The name entry corresponds to the version used in the majority of reporting. Specific spellings vary so much that this can be a major point of contention.

The name should be hyperlinked to the storyboard or target dossier, to allow quick electronic reference.

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


The matrix reports
The Matrix- Reports

The Reports entry includes all the relevant and available DIIRs, IIRs, TAREXs

Reports are listed by serial number, so they can be referenced in the “Reporting” folder.

If the target has a significant reporting history, they should also be printed out and filed in the target’s dossier folder.

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


The matrix locations
The Matrix- Locations

This column lists the towns associated with the given target.

There may be more than one, especially for a cross-boundary figure. If so, each location should receive its own grid.

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


The matrix grids
The Matrix- Grids

These are the references for the locations listed in the previous column. They should be the specific grids associated with the reporting on the target individual.

In the event that there are multiple grids reported for a given target, all of the grids should be included in the entry.

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


Carver technique
CARVER Technique

  • Criticality

  • Accessibility

  • Recuperability

  • Vulnerability

  • Effect

  • Recognizability

  • Assigns numerical rating to targets

  • Value represents desirability of attacking the target

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


Criticality
Criticality

  • Time:

    • How rapidly will the impact of the target attack affect operations?

  • Quality:

    • What percentage of output, production, or service will be curtailed by target damage?

  • Surrogates:

    • What will be the effect on the output, production, and service?

  • Relativity:

    • How many targets are there?

    • What are their positions?

    • How is their relative value determined?

    • What will be effected in the system or complex "stream"?

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


Accessibility
Accessibility

  • A target is accessible when the operational element can reach it with enough personnel and equipment to accomplish the mission.

  • Grading criteria are:

    • Infiltration from the staging base to the target area

    • Movement from the point of entry to the target or objective

    • Movement to the target's critical element

    • Exfiltration

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


Recuperability
Recuperability

  • Measured in time:

    • How long to repair, replace, or bypass the damage done?

  • Factors include:

    • On-hand equipment (railroad cranes, dry docks, and cannibalization)

    • Restoration and substitution through redundancies.

    • On-hand spares.

    • Equivalent OB equipment sets that backup critical equipment or components, and the effects of economic embargoes and labor unrest.

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


Vulnerability
Vulnerability

  • Do you have the means and expertise to successfully attack the target?

  • Are you going to:

    • Choose special components to attack

    • Do permanent damage

    • Prevent or inhibit cannibalization

    • Maximize effects through the use of onsite materials

    • Cause the target to self-destruct

  • Vulnerability depends on:

    • Nature and construction of the target

    • Amount of damage required

    • Assets available

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


Effect
Effect

  • The effect of a target attack is a measure of possible military, political, economic, psychological, and sociological impacts at the target and beyond.

  • What is the Effect on:

    • Friendly forces

      • Cost to target

      • Assets to be used and available

    • Enemy forces

      • The triggering of countermeasures

    • Neutral forces

      • Support or negation of PSYOP themes

      • Unemployment

      • Reprisals against the civilian populace

      • Collateral damage to other targets

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


Recognizability
Recognizability

  • A target's recognizability is the degree to which it can be recognized by an operational element and/or intelligence collection and reconnaissance assets under varying conditions.

  • Factors which influence recognizability include:

    • size and complexity of the target

    • existence of distinctive target signatures

    • presence of masking or camouflage

    • technical sophistication and training of the attackers.

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


Outside assets
Outside Assets

  • HET

    • Probably TACON to Co already

    • HET Marine needs to understand how CLIC is supporting the Battalion targeting effort

  • UAVs

    • Coordinate through Bn-S2 for assets beyond DragonEye

    • Follow their formats, and follow-up with a phone call

  • RadBn

    • Tendency to play “I’ve got a secret…”

    • Show them “yours” first: pre-empt them with info on the targets you want prosecuted and why

    • Ensure that RadBnOIC is comfortable with small-unit training in dealing with RadBn: compromise is a HUGE issue

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


Asset integration
Asset Integration

  • Doctrinal Coordination

    • Contact Higher with support request

    • Include Scheme of Maneuver, task/purpose, target dossier information

  • Non-Doctrinal Coordination

    • “Jim, Ted here. I’m going to request support on a target package that I’ve pushed up to RCT-X, want to know if your teams can support this one…”

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


Questions?

________________________________________

<<author>>

Marine Corps Intelligence Schools

Company Level Intelligence Cell – <<author billet>>

<<author email>><<author tel>>

https://www.intranet.tecom.usmc.mil/sites/MCIS/FocusAreas/CIC/default.aspx

CLIC Support to Targeting Methodology (MCIS – )090908


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