Osborn parnes model of creative problem solving or cps
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Osborn-Parnes model of Creative Problem Solving (or CPS). Developed by Alex Osborn & Dr. Sidney Parnes. Originally approached business problems with greater imagination Step-by-step method (6 steps). OFPISA O bjective Finding F act Finding P roblem Finding I dea Finding

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Osborn-Parnes model of Creative Problem Solving (or CPS)

  • Developed by Alex Osborn & Dr. Sidney Parnes.

  • Originally approached business problems with greater imagination

  • Step-by-step method (6 steps)


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OFPISA

  • Objective Finding

  • Fact Finding

  • Problem Finding

  • Idea Finding

  • Solution Finding

  • Acceptance Finding


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Step 1: brainstorm and select process;Objective Finding

  • Narrow focus of the problem

  • Diverge for concerns, challenges


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Step 2: brainstorm and select process;Fact Finding

  • Collect all relevant information related to the problem


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Step 3: brainstorm and select process;Problem Finding

  • Rephrasing the problem to one which makes more solutions

  • “In What Ways Might We …”


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Step 4: brainstorm and select process;Idea Finding

  • List all possible ideas that might be solutions to the problem

  • A brainstorming step


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Step 5: brainstorm and select process;Solution Finding

  • Diverging and converging thinking process

  • Evaluate the ideas with the greatest potential

  • Evaluation criteria: evidence-based, scientific, practical, cost-effective


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Step 6: brainstorm and select process;Acceptance Finding

  • Consensus on the action plans

  • 5W’s and H checklist

    (Who, What, When, Why, Where, How much, How long)


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Reference: brainstorm and select process;

http://www.ctp.bilkent.edu.tr/~cte206/cps.pdf

http://www.m1creativity.co.uk/cps.htm


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Discover Curriculum Model brainstorm and select process;(June Maker)

  • Developing students’ strengths and creativity through varied opportunities for real-world problem solving


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http://discover.arizona.edu/problem_solving.htm brainstorm and select process;


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  • Type 1: The problem is simple, closed, and known to both the presenter and the solver. The method, also, is known to the presenter and to the solver. The solution is known to the presenter but must be derived by the solver.

    Example:“Solve 3 + 4.” The problem is clearly defined. The method is addition, and the solver need only determine that “7” is the correct answer.


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  • Type 5: The presenter and the solver.problem(s), method(s), and solution(s)—all of which are completely open-ended and complex—are ill defined, for both the presenter and the solver.


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