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1. Osborn-Parnes model of Creative Problem Solving (or CPS) Developed by Alex Osborn & Dr. Sidney Parnes.
Originally approached business problems with greater imagination
Step-by-step method (6 steps)
3. In each of the 6 steps students are required to repeat the brainstorm and select process;
The students need to focus on divergent thinking, then convergent thinking;
Each step forms the creative foundation for the next step.
4. Step 1: Objective Finding Narrow focus of the problem
Diverge for concerns, challenges
5. Step 2: Fact Finding Collect all relevant information related to the problem
6. Step 3: Problem Finding Rephrasing the problem to one which makes more solutions
In What Ways Might We
7. Step 4: Idea Finding List all possible ideas that might be solutions to the problem
A brainstorming step
8. Step 5: Solution Finding Diverging and converging thinking process
Evaluate the ideas with the greatest potential
Evaluation criteria: evidence-based, scientific, practical, cost-effective
9. Step 6: Acceptance Finding Consensus on the action plans
5Ws and H checklist
(Who, What, When, Why, Where, How much, How long)
10. Reference: http://www.ctp.bilkent.edu.tr/~cte206/cps.pdf
11. Discover Curriculum Model(June Maker) Developing students strengths and creativity through varied opportunities for real-world problem solving