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Osborn-Parnes model of Creative Problem Solving (or CPS)






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Osborn-Parnes model of Creative Problem Solving (or CPS). Developed by Alex Osborn & Dr. Sidney Parnes. Originally approached business problems with greater imagination Step-by-step method (6 steps). OFPISA O bjective Finding F act Finding P roblem Finding I dea Finding
Osborn-Parnes model of Creative Problem Solving (or CPS)

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Osborn parnes model of creative problem solving or cps l.jpgSlide 1

Osborn-Parnes model of Creative Problem Solving (or CPS)

  • Developed by Alex Osborn & Dr. Sidney Parnes.

  • Originally approached business problems with greater imagination

  • Step-by-step method (6 steps)

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OFPISA

  • Objective Finding

  • Fact Finding

  • Problem Finding

  • Idea Finding

  • Solution Finding

  • Acceptance Finding

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  • In each of the 6 steps students are required to repeat the brainstorm and select process;

  • The students need to focus on divergent thinking, then convergent thinking;

  • Each step forms the creative foundation for the next step.

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Step 1: Objective Finding

  • Narrow focus of the problem

  • Diverge for concerns, challenges

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Step 2: Fact Finding

  • Collect all relevant information related to the problem

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Step 3: Problem Finding

  • Rephrasing the problem to one which makes more solutions

  • “In What Ways Might We …”

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Step 4: Idea Finding

  • List all possible ideas that might be solutions to the problem

  • A brainstorming step

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Step 5: Solution Finding

  • Diverging and converging thinking process

  • Evaluate the ideas with the greatest potential

  • Evaluation criteria: evidence-based, scientific, practical, cost-effective

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Step 6: Acceptance Finding

  • Consensus on the action plans

  • 5W’s and H checklist

    (Who, What, When, Why, Where, How much, How long)

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Reference:

http://www.ctp.bilkent.edu.tr/~cte206/cps.pdf

http://www.m1creativity.co.uk/cps.htm

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Discover Curriculum Model(June Maker)

  • Developing students’ strengths and creativity through varied opportunities for real-world problem solving

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http://discover.arizona.edu/problem_solving.htm

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  • Type 1: The problem is simple, closed, and known to both the presenter and the solver. The method, also, is known to the presenter and to the solver. The solution is known to the presenter but must be derived by the solver.

    Example:“Solve 3 + 4.” The problem is clearly defined. The method is addition, and the solver need only determine that “7” is the correct answer.

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  • Type 5: The problem(s), method(s), and solution(s)—all of which are completely open-ended and complex—are ill defined, for both the presenter and the solver.


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