Revolution from above stalin s purges
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10/18/13. Revolution from Above: Stalin’s Purges. Do Now: Create a caption for the image below. IB Topic 3: Authoritarian states Theme 2: Establishment of authoritarian and single party states Methods: Use of Force Nature, Extent & Treatment of the Opposition.

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Revolution from Above: Stalin’s Purges

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Revolution from above stalin s purges

10/18/13

Revolution from Above: Stalin’s Purges

  • Do Now:Create a caption for the image below

  • IB Topic 3: Authoritarian states

    • Theme 2: Establishment of authoritarian and single party states

      • Methods: Use of Force

      • Nature, Extent & Treatment of the Opposition

Share caption with a partner


What do you already know background

What do you already know? (Background)

  • Source A: Extract from Hope Against Hope by N Mandelstam, London, 1971, in which Nadezhda describes her husband’s treatment.

  • Source B: Bukharin’s confession taken from the official report of court proceedings of his trial in Moscow, in March 1938.

  • Source C: Extract from an article entitled The Results of the Trial, written by Trotsky and published in his Opposition Bulletin of 1938.

  • Source D: Extract from Mastering Modern World History by Norman Lowe, London, 1997.

  • Source E: Contemporary photograph of a watchtower at a Gulag camp in Chukotka.

  • Osip Mandelstam

  • Nicolai Bukharin

  • Leon Trotsky

  • Secondary Source Information

  • Gulags


Stations directions

Stations Directions

Procedure:

Per 5 Groups:

1a. Alex A, Maslov, Miguel

2a. Coby, Alex S, Claire

3a. Hannah, Brandon, Nicole P

1b. Trent, Daniel S, Chris

2b. Deven, Alex P, Nicole C,

3b. Daniel M, Zoe, Steph, Ralph

  • Approx. 6-7 minutes per station

  • Each station = Paper 1 question (1-3)

    • 2 sets of stations (1-3 & 1-3)


Stations directions1

Stations Directions

Procedure:

Per 6 Groups:

1a. Emma, Noah

2a. Alexis, Riddle

3a. Sarah, James

1b. Carina, Sam, Eric

2b. Annie, Zack

3b. Ryan, Jyothi

  • Approx. 6-7 minutes per station

  • Each station = Paper 1 question (1-3)

    • 2 sets of stations (1-3 & 1-3)


Stations directions2

Stations Directions

Procedure:

Per 9 Groups:

Justin, Sam M, Victoria

Emily, Lucas

Sam C, Tori

Kiersten, Ezra

Hunter, Shane

Jake, Brett,

  • Approx. 5-6 minutes per station

  • Each station = Paper 1 question

    • 1st & 2nd stations: write down notes/ bulleted points to answer questions

    • 3rd & 4th station: Use notes to begin narrative


Question 1 a b understand historical sources

Question 1 (a & b): Understand Historical Sources

  • 1a: Why according to Source B, did Bukharin make a re-evaluation of his past?

  • 3 marks = give at least 3 specific pieces of evidence from the document

  • Paraphrase to save time

  • 1b: What message is conveyed by Source E?

  • 2 marks = 2 clear and separate points re: message of the source

  • Ex. "One message conveyed by the source is ______, because the source represents ________. A second message conveyed by the source is ______, because the source _________.”


Revolution from above stalin s purges

Question 2: Compare and Contrast Historical Sources as EvidenceIn what ways do the views expressed in Source C support the conclusions expressed in Source D?

  • Use O-P-V-L to aid in comparisons/contrasts

  • Very often = a primary vs. a secondary/ historiography source

  • 3 Comparisons

  • 3 Contrasts

  • 1-2 paragraphs two paragraphs that include a running comparison/ contrast of the two sources

  • Ex: "The sources contrast in .......... While Source __ conveys .........., Source __ suggests ............."


Question 3 explain the importance and limitations of the source o p v l

Question 3: Explain the Importance and Limitations of the Source (O-P-V-L)

  • With reference to their Origin and Purpose, assess the value and limitations of Sources A and B for historians studying Stalin’s purges

  • Evaluate the sources separately

  • In narrative form (2 paragraphs, not bulleted lists)

  • Ex. "The origin of this source is ....... (what, who, when, where - take from the source details) The purpose of this source was ...... (why it was made, for whom). The source is valuable because ...........(refer to origin). The source is also valuable because ......... (refer to purpose).The source is limited because ...........(refer to origin). The source is also limited because ......... (refer to purpose)."


Closure

Closure

  • What is the most challenging component of Paper 1?


Revolution from above stalin s purges

Mandelstam in 1934, first arrestMandelstam in 1938, second arrest,

a few months before he died in the camps


Revolution from above stalin s purges

Bukharin, Nikolai (1888-1938)

Bolshevik before the revolution

Architect of NEP

Editor of Pravda 1918-1929

Head of Comintern1926-1929

Formed bloc with Zinoviev, Kamenev and Stalin in 1923 against Trotsky

Broke with Stalin in 1928 to lead the Right Opposition

Expelled in 1929 from the party for his thoughts, he recanted soon afterwards

Executed after the Third Moscow Trial in 1938

Under Gorbachev, Bukharin’s wife revealed that his confession was forced and published his hitherto secret rebuttal


Revolution from above stalin s purges

Bulletin of the Russian Opposition

1929 to 1941

voice of the communist opposition in USSR

“Old Bolsheviks”

fought to keep the October Revolution and Communist International on the proletarian internationalist course for which Lenin fought.

AndreyVyshinsky

State Prosecutor in Moscow Show Trials


Revolution from above stalin s purges

The most northeasterly region of present day Russia

“During the cold war, Chukotka was a closed border zone, bristling with military installations that are now abandoned lots filled with the rusting detritus of Soviet power. Government permission is still required before a visit, but the Arctic beckons and is, slowly, opening itself to the possibilities of a new Russia”

-NY Times, 2007

“at the edge of the earth, one of Russia’s most remote and impoverished regions, a frozen expanse bigger than Texas, with a population that could fit in the Astrodome”

-NY Times, 2007

http://www.nytimes.com/2007/04/22/weekinreview/22myers.html?_r=0


How to paper 1

How to Paper 1:


Questions 1 understand historical sources

Questions 1: Understand Historical Sources

  • 5 marks

  • Approx. 8-10 min. on exam

  • Always 1a & 1b

  • 1a: Reading comp

    • 3 marks  give 3 facts/example

  • 1b: 2 messages or meanings of a photo or cartoon (but not always)

    • 2 marks  2 meanings


Question 2 compare and contrast historical sources as evidence

Question 2: Compare and Contrast Historical Sources as Evidence

  • 6 Marks

    • 3 compare, 3 contrast

  • Approx. 15 min. on exam

  • Very often = a primary vs. a secondary/historiography source

  • 1-2 paragraphs that include a running comparison/ contrast of the two sources

    • Can be 1 long paragraph or 2 short paragraphs

    • Must include specific facts

  • Your Must address comparisons and contrasts IN RELATION TO THE QUESTION!

  • Ex: "The sources contrast in .......... While Source __ conveys .........., Source __ suggests ............."


Question 3 explain the importance and limitations of the source o p v l1

Question 3: Explain the Importance and Limitations of the Source (O-P-V-L)

  • 6 Marks

    • O&P x 2, V x 2, L x 2

  • Approx. 15 min. on exam

  • O-P-V-Las part of annotations

    • Convert into narrative form

  • Narrative form:

    • Originshould reference 5W+H

    • Purpose= in relation to the task

    • Be explicit about Value and Limitations

  • Evaluate the sources separately

  • In narrative form (2 paragraphs, not bulleted lists)

  • Ex. "The origin of this source is ....... (what, who, when, where - take from the source details) The purpose of this source was ...... (why it was made, for whom). The source is valuable because ...........(refer to origin). The source is also valuable because ......... (refer to purpose).The source is limited because ...........(refer to origin). The source is also limited because ......... (refer to purpose)."


Common limitations

Common Limitations…


Question 4

Question 4…

20+ minutes

8 Marks

Answer the Q – Opposing View – Justify the 2

  • 3 arguments  agree, disagree, both

  • Format:

    • Intro + Thesis

    • Body 1: Answer the question using strongest argument, document support, outside info & historiography

    • Body 2: Present the other side of the argument, use contrasting document support, outside info & historiography

    • Body 3: A balanced response to the essay question…still using document support, outside info & historiography


Question 4 in general

Question 4 in General

  • Use key information identified in initial read through of documents (this is why we annotate)

  • What outside information (facts) can you add?

    • Includes historiography

  • Develop 2-3 arguments that can be made based on the document evidence

  • Write a brief essay outline (2-3 minutes)

  • Q4 is a mini-essay


Revolution from above stalin s purges

Using these sources and your own knowledge, explain to what extent you agree with the verdict of Source D, “the purges were successful in eliminating possible alternative leaders and terrorizing the masses into obedience, but the consequences were serious”


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