Major roles of a geologist in support of nrcs programs
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Major roles of a geologist in support of NRCS programs. NPEG 2002 Geology #1. Summary. Characteristics of geologists History of SCS/NRCS Roles of geologists within NRCS Careers in geology. NRCS Geologists 1999. GEOLOGISTS What are they like??. Professional observers

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Summary
Summary

  • Characteristics of geologists

  • History of SCS/NRCS

  • Roles of geologists within NRCS

  • Careers in geology

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NRCS Geologists 1999

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Geologists what are they like
GEOLOGISTSWhat are they like??

  • Professional observers

  • Multi-dimensional thinking and visualization

  • Comfortable with uncertainty, trained to make scientific interpretations based upon limited information, “it depends…”

  • Intuitive

  • Time means nothing and everything!

Roles of Geologist in NRCS



TOP TEN SIGNS YOU MIGHT BE A GEOLOGIST

10. You have ever had to respond "yes" to the question, "What have you got in here, rocks?"

9. You have ever taken a 22-passenger van over "roads" that were really intended only for cattle…

8. You have ever found yourself trying to explain to airport security that a rock hammer isn't really a weapon…

7. Your rock garden is located inside your house…

6. You have ever hung a picture using a Brunton compass as a level…

5. Your collection of beer cans and/or bottles rivals the size of your rock collection…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


4. You consider a "recent event" to be anything that has happened in the last hundred thousand years…

3. Your photos include people only for scale and you have more pictures of your rock hammer and lens cap than of your family…

2. You have ever been on a field trip that included scheduled

stops at a gravel pit…

AND THE #1 SIGN YOU MIGHT BE A GEOLOGIST:

1. You have ever uttered the phrase "have you tried licking it?” in the most professional sense possible.

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Geologists what do they do
GEOLOGISTS happened in the last hundred thousand years…What do they do??

  • “We help conservation districts to improve land and water use, to help them understand how to put land and water to the uses for which they are best suited. Our function is to interpret, extend, and apply to the purposes of agriculture the knowledge of geology.”

  • Paper for Colorado School of Mines, 1982, Dan Griswold, Portland NTC geologist

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


A little history of geology in the scs
A little history of geology in the SCS happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • 1930’s: Dust bowl in southwestern Great Plains

  • 1935: SCS created by Congress, because “soil erosion is a menace to the national welfare”.

  • 1950’s: PL-566 and high geo-visibility

Hugh Hammond Bennett, 1881-1960

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Chronosequence of dam construction in the united states
Chronosequence of Dam Construction in the United States happened in the last hundred thousand years…

From Before 1800 to 1993

Based on data in the National Inventory of Dams. Symbol size and darkness correspond to the size of the reservoir. Black and grey symbols correspond to dams older than the indicated time interval. Red symbols correspond to dams constructed during the time interval.

Prepared by

Robert Stallard

US Geological Survey

Boulder, CO 80303-1066

e-mail: [email protected]

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1600-2000 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS

Hit space bar to start sequence.


NID: Pre-1800 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1801-1810 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1811-1820 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1821-1830 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1831-1840 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1841-1850 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1851-1860 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1861-1870 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1871-1880 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1881-1890 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1891-1900 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1901-1910 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1911-1920 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1921-1930 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1931-1940 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1941-1950 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1951-1960 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1961-1970 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1971-1980 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1981-1990 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1991-2000 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


NID: 1600-2000 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


A little more history of geology in the scs
A little more history of geology in the SCS happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • 1960’s: Geo peak (about 130 geologists)

  • 1962: Silent Spring published

  • 1969: National Environmental Policy Act

  • 1970’s: Segue to environmental emphasis

  • 1985: Farm Bill

    • USDA program eligibility linked to performance

    • wetland identification

  • 1995: SCS became NRCS

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


A little more history of geology in the nrcs
A little more history of geology in the NRCS happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • 1990’s: We’re melting………..

  • 2000: National Design, Construction, and Soil Mechanics Center staffed

  • 2001: three new geologists, and maybe more…..

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Geologists roles within the nrcs
Geologists roles within the NRCS happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • NEM 531

  • Appropriate consideration of regional, local, and onsite geologic conditions is basic to sound conservation planning and engineering design in all NRCS programs.

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Geologists roles within the nrcs1
Geologists roles within the NRCS happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • Engineering geology

  • Erosion and sedimentation

  • Ground water geology

  • Soil survey support

  • Contract administration

  • Geology training for field personnel

  • Professional relations

  • Cool stuff

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Geologists roles within the nrcs2
Geologists roles within the NRCS happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • All project phases

    • Planning

    • Design

    • Construction

      • Inspection

      • As-built geologic plans and profiles

    • Operations and repair

    • Rehabilitation

    • Decommissioning

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Engineering geology
Engineering Geology happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • Types of structures/projects

    • Dams and ponds

    • Diversions

    • Channels and dikes

    • Grade control structures

    • Slope stability problems

    • EWP

      • Flooding and channel work

      • Fires--sediment

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Houston flooding 2001
Houston flooding, 2001 happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Fires
Fires happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS

Western Montana, 2000


Erosion and sedimentation
Erosion and Sedimentation happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • Types of projects

    • Watershed sediment yield

    • Sediment storage in reservoirs

    • Damage assessments

    • Streambank erosion

    • Concentrated flow erosion (gullies)

    • Water-quality aspects of sedimentation

    • Coastal processes

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Erosion and sedimentation what could happen if there was no geologic investigation
Erosion and Sedimentation-- happened in the last hundred thousand years…What could happen if there was no geologic investigation?????

  • Watershed sediment yield

  • Streambank erosion

  • Water-quality aspects of sedimentation

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Ground water geology
Ground Water Geology happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • Quantity

    • Stockwater and irrigation well design

    • Spring development

    • Infiltration studies

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Ground water geology1
Ground Water Geology happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • Quality

    • Animal waste storage facilities

    • Saline seep investigations

    • Contaminant migration studies

    • Computer modeling

Saline seep, Teton County, Montana

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Soil survey support
Soil Survey Support happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • Provide geology narrative for soil surveys

  • Assist soil scientists with:

    • Parent materials

    • Relative ages

    • Geomorphology

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Soil survey support1
Soil Survey Support happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • Geology narrative for soil survey manuscripts:

    • Physiography and drainage

    • Geologic history and regional geology

    • Geologic units

    • Groundwater

    • Special stuff:

      • Mining/oil and gas

      • Seismicity

      • Geothermal Resources

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Contract administration
Contract Administration happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • Geologic services are frequently obtained through contracting (> $$$):

    • Write contract specifications

      • Service contracts (A & E)

    • Supervise the contractors

    • Review and accept the

      • resulting reports

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Geology training for field personnel
Geology training for field personnel happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • Provide training on:

    • State and local geology and geomorphology

    • Unified Soil Classification System

    • Groundwater

  • To:

    • Technicians

    • Engineers

    • Soil Conservationists

    • Soil Scientists

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Professional relations participation in professional societies
Professional relations happened in the last hundred thousand years…Participation in professional societies

  • ++++’s

    • Good meetings, nice locations, great field trips

    • Most meetings count as continuing ed. credits

    • Learn new technology, meetings and publications

    • Great network of contacts

    • If you serve as an officer or committee member

      • influence the direction of the organization

      • introduce newcomers to “the way we’ve always done it”

  • ----’s

    • Piles of publications, dusting

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Professional relations
Professional relations happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • Participate in organizations enhancing professional stature ie. ASTM, NACD

  • Register with your State Board of Geology (30 states so far...usually cheaper fees than engineers)

    • Texas, May, 2001!!!

    • National Association of State Boards of Geology: www.asbog.org/member.htm

  • Participate in interagency committees

  • Cooperate with the research community (ARS)

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Cool stuff
Cool stuff happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • Foreign travel

    • Nicaragua

    • Venezuela

    • Mexico

    • Pakistan

    • Eritrea

    • China

    • Puerto Rico

    • Jordan

    • Brazil

    • Canada

  • Task forces and special projects

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Cool stuff1
Cool stuff! happened in the last hundred thousand years…

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Cool stuff2
Cool stuff happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • Drilling in central Alaska in the late fall

  • Doing stream channel erosion surveys in tropical forests in Guam by walking & swimming the stream channels

  • Attend blasting school & learn to blow things up!

  • Go caving and get paid for it

  • Rappelling down abutment on damsite for as-builts

  • Spelunking into the Edwards aquifer for recharge study

  • Finding dinosaur bones, finding dinosaur tracks

  • Float tripping rivers for erosion studies in Vermont

  • As Cultural Resources Coordinator, sifting bone fragments of Indian burials for reinterment, and working with NRCS and Harvard archeologists using GPR to find graves

  • Management--Acting State Conservation Engineer

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


More cool stuff
More cool stuff happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • Hosting the 1999 National Geology Workshop in Bozeman, Montana and planning a 3-day field trip that ended in Yellowstone National Park

  • Streambank erosion inventory on the Bad River in northern Wisconsin, which flows into Lake Superior. Saw eagles, box turtles, otters, porcupines resting in trees, wolf tracks, and a black bear.

  • Channel erosion study in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park via canoe

  • Learning that a 1869 geology map made from horseback is as good as a map made with the best of today's technology

  • Scuba diving to check the condition of an inlet in a NPS dam in the Valley and Ridge Province in northern New Jersey

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


More cool stuff1
More cool stuff happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • Hiking from the top of the Cumberland Plateau down into the gulf & back to check out karst drainage in the Savage Gulf State Natural Area for a PL-566 project

  • Driving over the northern end of the Andes Mountains out of Merida, Venezuela. The pass was at about 13,200 feet and the farmers were growing wheat!

  • A part of the job I most appreciate is getting out in the field on someone's property and seeing landscapes and vistas that tourists, and even other people who live nearby, will probably never see. I have found places of special beauty everywhere I have worked that I most likely would never have seen if I did not have the jobs I have had.

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Uncool
Uncool happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • Surveying stream X-sections in nettles as tall I am

  • Channel erosion study in cottonmouth country

  • Spending the day in a flat bottom boat on an existing (non NRCS) dairy holding pond

  • Engaging in enlightening discourse with many contractors’ superintendents on job sites

  • Providing written testimony, giving depositions, and preparing to defend our case in court

  • Management--Acting State Conservation Engineer

    • “They need to know some truths!”

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Careers
Careers happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • Geologist

  • State Geologist

  • Geologist with Regional Design Team

  • NDCSMC, Fort Worth, Texas

  • NHQ

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


State geologist 25 gs 12 s
State Geologist, ~25 GS-12’s happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • Manage state geology program, providing professional geologic expertise to all phases of planning, application, and construction of NRCS projects.

  • Major workload elements and cool stuff will be specific to each state.

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Geologists w regional design teams 4 gs 12 s
Geologists w/ Regional Design Teams, 4 GS-12’s happened in the last hundred thousand years…

  • Provide geologic assistance for planning and design of projects in the region

  • Assist member states with geologic support, particularly those with no geologists

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


National design construction and soil mechanics center ft worth 2 gs 14 s
National Design, Construction, and Soil Mechanics Center, Ft. Worth, 2 GS-14’s

  • Provide professional technical review for project work

  • Provide professional consultation on complex projects

  • Provide technology development and transfer

  • Design, lead, and conduct geologic investigations for special problems

  • Provide training on new methods and procedures in geologic investigation and analysis

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Nhq geologists 2 gs 15 s
NHQ Geologists, 2 GS-15’s Ft. Worth, 2 GS-14’s

  • Attend meetings

  • Provide limited technical assistance (Alaska e.g.)

  • International assignments (Eritrea, China)

  • Policy review

  • Development of directives, issue papers

  • Review and revise conservation practice standards

  • Lead special projects such as NPEG, SITES, and stream restoration guideline development and training

  • Budget proposals

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


More nhq ers
more NHQ’ers Ft. Worth, 2 GS-14’s

  • Respond to congressional inquiries and inquiries from the public ("stubby pencil" letters)

  • Liaison with professional entities, e.g., AIPG, AASG, NGWA, ASAE, AEG, ASTM

  • Interagency work with ARS, COE, EPA, USFS, and USGS, including peer review of draft professional papers

  • Provide consultation and recommendations on any subject at any time for anyone that asks

  • Attend meetings

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


Summary1
Summary Ft. Worth, 2 GS-14’s

  • Characteristics of geologists

  • History of SCS/NRCS

  • Roles of geologists within NRCS

  • Careers in geology

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


There is a tiny range within which coffee is effective, short

of which it is useless, and beyond which, fatal.

Annie Dillard, 1989

Roles of Geologist in NRCS


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