Humanitarian reform and the cluster approach
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Humanitarian Reform and the Cluster Approach. A more predictable response system. Humanitarian Financing More flexible, adequate and timely funding. Humanitarian Coordinators Stronger, more accountable leadership. Cluster Approach Strengthened sectoral coordination. Partnership

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Humanitarian Reform and the Cluster Approach

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Humanitarian reform and the cluster approach

Humanitarian Reform and the Cluster Approach


A more predictable response system

A more predictable response system

Humanitarian Financing

More flexible, adequate and timely funding

Humanitarian Coordinators

Stronger, more accountable leadership

Cluster Approach

Strengthened sectoral coordination

Partnership

Underpins all humanitarian action


Humanitarian reform and the cluster approach

Who’s responsible for what?

  • Government has primary role

    in organizing humanitarian assistance in a disaster

  • OCHAsupports humanitarian response thru:

    • Coordination

    • Information management

    • Advocacy and resource mobilisation

  • Cluster Lead Agency/Focal Point Agenciessupports sector response thru:

    • Standards and policy setting

    • Building response capacity

    • Operational support

  • Cluster Coordinator/Sub Cluster Coordinator

    • Coordination of sectoral response at country level

    • Engagement with HC and other clusters


2008 cluster approach lessons

2008 Cluster Approach Lessons

Positive

  • increased inclusiveness of NGOs

  • more joint engagement

Challenges

  • role of Cluster Lead Agency too close to organisational operations

  • ‘disconnect’ between global, country and field clusters

  • problem coordinating ‘mixed’ populations – IDPs, local population, refugees

  • too many meetings

  • inter-cluster coordination needs improvement

Essentials

  • quality of leadership is key

  • crucial to have OCHA present in early days

  • need clear entry and exit strategies


What does this mean for you

What does this mean for YOU?

Change…

attitudes

way we work

Improve…

preparedness & contingency planning

links to recovery & development

support to governments

local capacity-building

genuine

partnerships

&

accountability!

  • build on achievements

  • ensure deliver better product

  • improve impact on vulnerable populations


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