Programme on monitoring of iodine deficiency disorders
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Programme on Monitoring of Iodine Deficiency Disorders. Dushanbe August 1-4, 2005. Kasymova Salomat Jamolovna Director of Republican Clinical Center of Endocrinology. IDD problems in the world. IDDs – present most typical example of micronutrient disorders.

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Programme on Monitoring of Iodine Deficiency Disorders

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Programme on monitoring of iodine deficiency disorders

Programme on Monitoring of Iodine Deficiency Disorders

DushanbeAugust 1-4,2005


Programme on monitoring of iodine deficiency disorders

Kasymova

Salomat Jamolovna

Director of Republican Clinical Center of Endocrinology


Idd problems in the world

IDD problems in the world

  • IDDs – present most typical example of micronutrient disorders.

  • IDDs are the most prevalent noninfectious diseases inmankind.

  • More then 1,5 billion of world population has a risk of lacking iodine assumption;

    WHO estimates that more then 655 million people by 2000 have IDDs, 43 million have brain disorders and mental retardation caused by iodine deficiency.


Idds problems in tajikistan

IDDs problems in Tajikistan

  • Tajikistan is of the regions where IDDs are serious medical and social problems.

  • Economic decline in transition period caused deterioration of nutrition structure in country population.

  • Deterioration of nutrition structure in country population appeared due to protein-vitamin and micronutrient deficiency of food contain.

  • Change in nutrition structure led to increase in aliment-dependant diseases, particular IDDs in children and women of reproductive age.


Food assumption per capita was decreased in 1992 98 per year

Food assumption per capita was decreased in 1992-98 per year:

  • Meat and meat foods for 5,4 times;

  • Milk and dairy productsfor 3,6 times;

  • Eggs for 16,5 times;

  • Grains for 1,2 times;

  • Vegetables for 1,6 times


Prevalence of endemic goiter for 100 000in the republic of tajikistan for 1998 2004

Prevalence of endemic goiter for 100 000in the Republic of Tajikistanfor 1998-2004.

2000г.

2002г.

2004г.

1998г.


Prevalence of endemic goiter in children up to 14 years old in the republic of tajikistan

Prevalence of endemic goiter in children up to 14 years old in the Republic of Tajikistan

2000г.

2002г.

2004г.

1998г.


Frequency of endemic goiter in children up to 14 years in the republic of tajikistan in 2000 2004

Frequency of endemic goiter in children up to 14 years in the Republic of Tajikistan in 2000- 2004

2004г.

2001г.

2003г.

2000г.

2002г.

Annually preventive check ups are conducted in 200.000-400.000children. In different regions of republic goiter frequency varies from 24 to 83%

Goiter frequency in pregnant women was observed in 42- 56% cases;


Iodine concentration in children s urine based on sentinel study in 2003 2004

Iodine concentration in children’s urine based on sentinel study in 2003-2004.

Normal

Легкая степень

Средняя степень

Тяжелая степень

2003г.

2004г.


Iodine concentration in children s urine in gbao in dynamic

Iodine concentration in children’s urine in GBAO in dynamic

Норма

Легкая степень

Средняя степень

Тяжелая степень

2003г.

2004г.


Iodine concentration in pregnant women urine dushanbe 2003

Iodine concentration in pregnant women urineDushanbe (2003)


Experience and achievements

Experience and achievements

  • Prevalence of IDDs has a tendency to decrease;

  • Population knowledge on IDDs problems has improved in comparison with previous years;

  • Legislative basis on iodized salt provision to population is strengthened;

  • Monitoring system of iodized salt production is improving;

  • National survey on IDDs is conducted in Tajikistan;


Problems and constraints

Problems and constraints

  • Up to now IDDs prevalence is high among target groups particular in Khatlon Region and RRS (Rayons of Republican subordination);

  • Educational Programs among the population is not systemic;

  • Representatives of local Khukumats (local authorities) of some places don’t realize the importance of IDDs problems and quality control of iodized salt;

  • There is effective mechanism of обратной связи

  • In many regions health professionals are not trained on IDDs preventive measures;


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