Hellenistic Age: A Mixing. Greek/Mac. Alexander the Great - 300s bce Roman Might Emerges - 200s bce Alexandria, Egypt a locus of mixing cultures. Epicureans Stoics and Cynics Early Christianity. The Mixing of Cultures H ellenism. Socrates to his pupils: “Seek the good life…”.
EpicureansStoics and CynicsEarly Christianity
The Mixing of Cultures
“The highest good is pleasure, the greatest evil is pain.”
Pleasure = an absence or avoidance of pain.
Physical pleasure: CAUTION!!
Guide to Happiness: Epicurus on Happiness
“One who accepts what happens without a lot of complaining or emotional display.”
Anger, fear, hate, desire for ecstasy
Insanity is a departure from our nature…it is unnatural…
A deviation from reason….so, reject superstition.
Hence, cultivate Apatheia in your life
An active systematic discipline to deny the power of undisciplined passions and resign oneself to a natural order that is determinative.
The intrinsic ordering principle of the world.
“The reason, in respect of which we are rational beings, is common; if this is so, common also is the reason which commands us what to do, and what not to do; if this is so, there is a common law also; if this is so, we are fellow citizens…if this is so the world is in a manner a state. My nature is rational and social; and my city and country so far as I am [Marcus Aurelius] is Rome, but so far as I am a man it is the world”
“You’re blocking my sun, dude…”