Earth Observations: The View from Scripps. Charles F. Kennel Director Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego January 2005. Humans have transformed the earth in the last 50 years. City Lights from Space.
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Earth Observations:The View from Scripps
Charles F. Kennel
Scripps Institution of Oceanography
University of California, San Diego
Humans have transformed the earth
in the last 50 years
City Lights from Space
Water, ozone, global air pollution, climate change, ecosystems
(OSTP, July 17, 1995)
G-8 Summit, Evian France, June 2, 2003
“ We will focus our efforts on three areas that present great opportunities for progress: … close co-ordination of our respective global observation strategies for the next ten years; identify new observations to minimize data gaps; ...”
Declaration of the Earth Observation Summit
“We, the participants in this Earth Observation Summit held in Washington, DC, on July 31, 2003 … Affirm the need for timely, quality, long-term,global information as a basis for sound decision making.”
Ministers at theEarth Observation Summit III in Brussels, February 2005, endodrsed the 10-Year Implementation Plan.
Republic of the Congo
Republic of Korea
African Association of Remote Sensing of the Environment
Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research
Association for the Development of Environmental Information (ADIE)
Central American Commission for the Environment and Development (SICA/CCAD)
Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS)
European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF)
European Environmental Agency (EEA)
European Space Agency (ESA)
European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT)
European Sea Level Service
Federation of Digital Broad-Band Seismograph Networks (FDSN)
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Global Climate Observing System (GCOS)
Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS)
Global Terrestrial Observing System (GTOS)
Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)
Integrated Global Observing Strategy Partnership (IGOS-P)
Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)
International Association of Geodesy (IAG)
International Association of Geodesy (IAG)
International Council for Science (ICSU)
International Council on Systems Engineering
International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (IGBP)
International Group of Funding Agencies for Global Change Research (IGFA
)International Institute for Space Law (IISL)
International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
International Steering Committee for Global Mappingﾊ (ISCGM)
International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR)
Open Geospatial Consortium
Partnership for Observation of the Global Ocean (POGO)
The Network of European Meteorological Services/Composite Observing System (EUMETNET/EUCOS)
United Nations Convention on Biodiversity (UNCBD)
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
United Nations Institute for Training and Research
United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA)
World Climate Research Programme (WCRP)
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
National Polar Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS)
Information management and architecture
Beyond Indicators to Decision-Support Tools
If we connect GEO to effective decision support systems, then it will become a principal tool for achieving sustainability on a global scale.
Photo credit: Global Spatial Data Infrastructure Project
Photo credit: New York Times
GEO Societal Benefit Areas
Local Issues (examples)
El Nino North Pacific Oscillation (NPO)
How to manage coastal resources
Warming Waters Identified as Cause of
Marine Life Depletions off California
Offshore Hydrocarbon Exploration:
Where to invest
Illustration: Free air gravity anomaly map of the Gulf of Mexico produced using ERS data (Courtesy: Satellite Observing Systems)
Originating science, creating models, & developing observing technologies
Designing observing strategies and systems
Transferring designs, technologies, models, and tested systems to the public and private sectors
Partnering in the governance and management of long-term observing and decision support systems
Infusing new objectives and technologies into on-going systems
Linking new capabilities to new users
Research community is becoming more multi-disciplinary and service-oriented
Vision: to establish international leadership in education, research, technology development, observation, and information management for Earth observations.
UCSD may be unique in its ability to work end-to-end on all aspects of global observing.
Promote major interdisciplinary scientific and technical programs that cross Division, Department, and School boundaries
Substantially increase funding available for interdisciplinary programs
Assist teams in writing major proposals & providing matching funds. If necessary, assist when needed in program operation. Assist in hiring where needed.
Provide a coherent and comprehensive interface to the external community on behalf of the extensive UCSD capabilities and programs.
The convergence of earth science and information technology will lead to continuous awareness of earth’s systems and their interactions with human activities.
We will use continuous awareness to manage our resources and environment, and our response to disasters
Continuous awareness will promote integrated responses to emerging global environmental challenges
As civilization becomes increasingly global and technologically sophisticated, our need for a global observing capability will grow.
We are beginning an endeavor that will evolve over the entire 21st century and endure as long as we have an advanced civilization.