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APOLOGETICS . TRUTH. TRUTH. JOHN 18:37-38a What is TRUTH? John 14:6 Is there a difference between the WAY, TRUTH, LIFE. TRUTH. WHAT IS TRUTH SIMPLE QUESTION TO ASK HARD QUESTION TO ANSWER. TRUTH. Definition: The quality or state of being true.

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truth
TRUTH
  • JOHN 18:37-38a
    • What is TRUTH?
  • John 14:6
    • Is there a difference between the WAY, TRUTH, LIFE
truth1
TRUTH
  • WHAT IS TRUTH
  • SIMPLE QUESTION TO ASK
  • HARD QUESTION TO ANSWER
truth2
TRUTH
  • Definition:
    • The quality or state of being true.
    • That which conforms to reality, fact, or actuality.
  • Do you think that is complete?
  • Why?
truth3
TRUTH
  • Definition leaves room for interpretation
    • What is reality
    • What is fact
    • What is actuality
    • How does perception effect the truth
truth4
TRUTH
  • Paradox of the ball against the wall
  • Col. 2:8
  • In order for truth to be defined properly it would have to be factually and logically correct
  • In other words “TRUE”
truth5
TRUTH
  • WHAT IS TRUTH NOT
    • Error
    • Self – contradictory
    • Deception
      • It could be true that someone could be deceptive but the deception is not true
truth6
TRUTH

Publix Chocolate Moose Tracks Ice Cream is Delicious

True or False?

subjective truth vs objective truth
SUBJECTIVE TRUTH vs OBJECTIVE TRUTH
  • How can a statement be both True and False?
  • I wasn’t talking about the object
        • what is the object?
  • I was talking about the subject (me)
subjective truth vs objective truth1
SUBJECTIVE TRUTH vs OBJECTIVE TRUTH
  • This is a Subjective Claim
    • It is a claim about a Subject
subjective truth vs objective truth2
SUBJECTIVE TRUTH vs OBJECTIVE TRUTH

Publix Chocolate Moose Tracks Ice Cream is Medicine that Cures Diabetes.

True or False?

subjective truth vs objective truth3
SUBJECTIVE TRUTH vs OBJECTIVE TRUTH
  • This is a Objective Claim
        • It is a claim about a Object
  • Objective Truth
    • True for all people, in all places, at all times to whom the claim applies
subjective truth vs objective truth4
SUBJECTIVE TRUTH vs OBJECTIVE TRUTH

OBJECTIVE

  • Either True or False
  • Can be wrong
  • About Things

SUBJECTIVE

  • NEITHER True or False
  • Can’t be wrong
  • About Feelings
subjective truth vs objective truth5
SUBJECTIVE TRUTH vs OBJECTIVE TRUTH
  • Examples of Subjective Truth
    • Hair Color
    • Food Choices (except Brussels Sprouts, (martian heads), those are just wrong)
    • Media (Books, Movies, TV, etc…)
subjective truth vs objective truth6
SUBJECTIVE TRUTH vs OBJECTIVE TRUTH
  • Examples of Objective Truth
    • Historical Events
    • Math & Empirical Sciences
    • Ethics and Morals
    • Religions

How can ethics and moral and religious truth be objective?

subjective truth vs objective truth7
SUBJECTIVE TRUTH vs OBJECTIVE TRUTH

Lets look at Moral and Ethic claims

Atheists Say that Moral/Ethical Claims are All Relative

This is called RELATIVISM

relativism
RELATIVISM

In relativism, all points of view are equally valid and all truth is relative to the individual.

“Something can be true for you, but not necessarily for me.”

relativism1
RELATIVISM
  • Lets look at claims and responses
  • “Something can be true for you, but not necessarily for me.”
  • This is an example of a “Self-Defeating Fallacy”
  • It contradicts itself, so it must be false
  • So “What if thatisnt true for me?”
relativism2
RELATIVISM

Claim: You cant know truth.

Response: How do you know that?

relativism3
RELATIVISM

Claim: There is no Truth.

Response: Is that True?

relativism4
RELATIVISM

Claim: You shouldn’t judge.

Response: That seems like a judgement.

relativism5
RELATIVISM

Claim: All truth is relative.

Response: That’s not true for me…

relativism6
RELATIVISM

Claim: Only science can give us truth.

Response: Is that a scientific truth?

or

Response: What lab experiment was done to conclude that?

relativism7
RELATIVISM

Claim: You shouldn’t force your morality on people.

Response: Is that your moral view?(yes)

Then, why are you forcing it on me?

relativism8
RELATIVISM

Claim: God forgives those that obey their conscience.

relativism9
RELATIVISM

Lets look at Religious Claims

All Religious/Moral claims are Relative to the Subject

Christianity is not based on my preference

It is based on Historical Fact

relativism10
RELATIVISM

Either Jesus Lived a Perfect Life, Was Crucified, and Resurrected, Or He Wasnt

relativism11
RELATIVISM

So what does that say about the Bible?

If There’s No Truth, Then No Book Written by an Atheist can be True Either

subjective truth vs objective truth8
SUBJECTIVE TRUTH vs OBJECTIVE TRUTH

OBJECTIVE

  • Either True or False
  • Can be wrong
  • About Things

SUBJECTIVE

  • NEITHER True or False
  • Can’t be wrong
  • About Feelings
relativism vs absolute
RELATIVISM vs ABSOLUTE

What is relative?

If Truth is relative to you, then what causes you to change your opinions?

Are there such things as absolute?

What would happen if everything were relative?

then that would be absolutely true

relativism vs absolute1
RELATIVISM vs ABSOLUTE

What would happen if everything were absolutely true?

Then we couldn’t have such things as personal preferences or things that change.

relativism vs absolute2
RELATIVISM vs ABSOLUTE

Examples:

Positive 7 is always greater than positive 5.

absolute or relative?

Blue is a better color than green?

absolute or relative?

can I change my mind?

relativism vs absolute3
RELATIVISM vs ABSOLUTE

Unfortunately more and more people cannot distinguish between absolute truths and relative truths.

We put our feelings, preferences, etc.. above absolutes to make them more palatable.

relativism vs absolute4
RELATIVISM vs ABSOLUTE

Example:

someone saying “it is true for you that Jesus is the only way to God, but to a Muslim, Mohammad would be the only way.”

What is wrong with that statement?

relativism vs absolute5
RELATIVISM vs ABSOLUTE

Such statements ignore the logical possibility of having two “only-ways” to God.

We have to be able to distinguish between the two.

relativism vs absolute6
RELATIVISM vs ABSOLUTE

We cannot argue when absolutes and relatives are mixed up.

We have to be absolutely sure about what it is we know.

relativism vs absolute7
RELATIVISM vs ABSOLUTE

If there is such a thing as truth, then we should be able to find it.

If truth cannot be known, then it probably doesn’t exist.

But it does exist, because you are here I know that is true.

relativism vs absolute8
RELATIVISM vs ABSOLUTE

If we are to determine if there is such a thing as truth apart from cultural and personal preferences, we must acknowledge that we are then aiming to discover something greater that ourselves.

sources of knowledge
SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

So where does this knowledge of truth come from?

sources of knowledge1
SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

Tradition

Things that were taught to you

parents, school, church, etc…

You could also call this “Authority”

If you are raised in a Hindu family, you’d most likely be a Hindu

sources of knowledge2
SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

Reason

We have a logical mind

The Laws of logic

Specifically the Law of Non-Contradiction

Sometimes, we’re too emotionally attached to our views

sources of knowledge3
SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

Experience

Our Events/History

Personal Encounters

sources of knowledge4
SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

Emotion

How we feel

Stalin, Hitler, Suicide-bombers

Emotions can inform us about truth.

sources of knowledge5
SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

General Revelation

What we observe in the natural world

Science/5 Senses

Psalm 19 and Romans 1 claim the natural world proclaims the glory of God

sources of knowledge6
SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

Special Revelation

Specific information revealed by God in the Bible

sources of knowledge7
SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

What are your “Primary Sources of Knowledge?”

Tradition

Reason

Experience

Emotion

General Revelation

Special Revelation

which do you tend to rely on?

sources of knowledge8
SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

Generaliztion

Catholics – Tradition (church doctrines)

Philosphers – Reason

Charismatics – Emotion, Experience

Scientist – General Revelation (observation)

Postmodernists – Experience

(“works for me”)

sources of knowledge9
SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

Which are Objective and which are Subjective?

Tradition

Reason

Experience

Emotion

General Revelation

Special Revelation

sources of knowledge10
SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

Which are Objective and which are Subjective?

Tradition

Reason

Experience

Emotion

General Revelation

Special Revelation

Subjective

sources of knowledge11
SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

Which are Objective and which are Subjective?

Tradition

Reason

Experience

Emotion

General Revelation

Special Revelation

Objective

sources of knowledge12
SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

How Do We Determine If Something Is True?

Three Test:

Test of Reason

Test of Experience

Test of Practice

sources of knowledge13
SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

Test of Reason

The Law of Non-Contradiction is one of the main ways we know things.

sources of knowledge14
SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

Test of Practice

Does it Work?

Or do you have to borrow from other Worldviews

sources of knowledge15
SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

Test of Experience.

Does the Explanation match the facts of our observation?

there aren’t many flat earth society members left… why?

sources of knowledge16
SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

Test of Experience

Cautions:

“God told me _______”

Don’t reply on experience when presenting the gospel.

Experience can help you know, but not show.

sources of knowledge17
SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

Test of Experience

Experience and observation can be helpful in pointing to an absolute, but we should not base beliefs solely on it.

sources of knowledge18
SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

So what does that say about faith?

Is it Faith vs Reason?

Should we have blind faith?

faith
FAITH

Biblical Usage:

Trust exhibited after becoming convinced of the evidence.

Believing because of not in spite of

Faith and Facts are both necessary. If either are missing, it misses the Biblical mark

faith1
FAITH

Instead of the word “Faith” use:

Trust

Conviction

Definition: “Active Trust is what you have good reason to believe is true.”

faith2
FAITH

Mark 2:9-11

“Know”

Acts 2:36-28

Know followed by Repent

blind faith
BLIND FAITH

Some say the more we know the less we will have to take on faith…

Hopefully we find the bones of Jesus!

faith3
FAITH

So why do we fall into Relativism?

Why is our culture bent on Relativism?

NO RESPONSIBILITY!

faith4
FAITH

Romans 1 says that people “exchange the truth of God for a lie.”

People want to live how they want to live, without an absolute authority.

faith5
FAITH

When your philosophical system does not have God as the starting point, the your philosophical system will fail to explain reality.

faith6
FAITH

If we ever hope to determine if there is such a thing as truth apart from cultural and personal preferences, we must acknowledge that we are then aiming to discover something greater than ourselves, something that transcends culture and individual inclinations.

faith7
FAITH

To do this is to look beyond ourselves and outside of ourselves. In essence, it means we are looking for God. God would be truth, the absolute and true essence of being and reality who is the author of all truth. If you are interested in truth beyond yourself, then you must look to God.

faith8
FAITH

For the Christian, the ultimate expression of truth is found in the Bible, in Jesus who said, "I am the way, the truth, and the life..." (John 14:6). Of course, most philosophers and skeptics will dismiss His claim, but for the Christian, He is the mainstay of hope, security, and guidance. Jesus, who walked on water, claimed to be divine, rose from the dead, and said that He was the truth and the originator of truth.

faith9
FAITH

If Jesus is wrong, then we should ignore Him. But, if He is right, then it is true that we should listen to Him.

The eyewitnesses wrote what they saw. They were with Him. They watched Him perform many miracles, heal the sick, calm a storm with a command, and even rise from the dead. Either you believe or dismiss these claims.

faith10
FAITH

Truth conforms to reality. Jesus performed many miracles and rose from the dead.

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