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APOLOGETICS . TRUTH. TRUTH. JOHN 18:37-38a What is TRUTH? John 14:6 Is there a difference between the WAY, TRUTH, LIFE. TRUTH. WHAT IS TRUTH SIMPLE QUESTION TO ASK HARD QUESTION TO ANSWER. TRUTH. Definition: The quality or state of being true.

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Truth
TRUTH

  • JOHN 18:37-38a

    • What is TRUTH?

  • John 14:6

    • Is there a difference between the WAY, TRUTH, LIFE


Truth1
TRUTH

  • WHAT IS TRUTH

  • SIMPLE QUESTION TO ASK

  • HARD QUESTION TO ANSWER


Truth2
TRUTH

  • Definition:

    • The quality or state of being true.

    • That which conforms to reality, fact, or actuality.

  • Do you think that is complete?

  • Why?


Truth3
TRUTH

  • Definition leaves room for interpretation

    • What is reality

    • What is fact

    • What is actuality

    • How does perception effect the truth


Truth4
TRUTH

  • Paradox of the ball against the wall

  • Col. 2:8

  • In order for truth to be defined properly it would have to be factually and logically correct

  • In other words “TRUE”


Truth5
TRUTH

  • WHAT IS TRUTH NOT

    • Error

    • Self – contradictory

    • Deception

      • It could be true that someone could be deceptive but the deception is not true


Truth6
TRUTH

Publix Chocolate Moose Tracks Ice Cream is Delicious

True or False?


Subjective truth vs objective truth
SUBJECTIVE TRUTH vs OBJECTIVE TRUTH

  • How can a statement be both True and False?

  • I wasn’t talking about the object

    • what is the object?

  • I was talking about the subject (me)


  • Subjective truth vs objective truth1
    SUBJECTIVE TRUTH vs OBJECTIVE TRUTH

    • This is a Subjective Claim

      • It is a claim about a Subject


    Subjective truth vs objective truth2
    SUBJECTIVE TRUTH vs OBJECTIVE TRUTH

    Publix Chocolate Moose Tracks Ice Cream is Medicine that Cures Diabetes.

    True or False?


    Subjective truth vs objective truth3
    SUBJECTIVE TRUTH vs OBJECTIVE TRUTH

    • This is a Objective Claim

      • It is a claim about a Object

  • Objective Truth

    • True for all people, in all places, at all times to whom the claim applies


  • Subjective truth vs objective truth4
    SUBJECTIVE TRUTH vs OBJECTIVE TRUTH

    OBJECTIVE

    • Either True or False

    • Can be wrong

    • About Things

      SUBJECTIVE

    • NEITHER True or False

    • Can’t be wrong

    • About Feelings


    Subjective truth vs objective truth5
    SUBJECTIVE TRUTH vs OBJECTIVE TRUTH

    • Examples of Subjective Truth

      • Hair Color

      • Food Choices (except Brussels Sprouts, (martian heads), those are just wrong)

      • Media (Books, Movies, TV, etc…)


    Subjective truth vs objective truth6
    SUBJECTIVE TRUTH vs OBJECTIVE TRUTH

    • Examples of Objective Truth

      • Historical Events

      • Math & Empirical Sciences

      • Ethics and Morals

      • Religions

        How can ethics and moral and religious truth be objective?


    Subjective truth vs objective truth7
    SUBJECTIVE TRUTH vs OBJECTIVE TRUTH

    Lets look at Moral and Ethic claims

    Atheists Say that Moral/Ethical Claims are All Relative

    This is called RELATIVISM


    Relativism
    RELATIVISM

    In relativism, all points of view are equally valid and all truth is relative to the individual.

    “Something can be true for you, but not necessarily for me.”


    Relativism1
    RELATIVISM

    • Lets look at claims and responses

    • “Something can be true for you, but not necessarily for me.”

    • This is an example of a “Self-Defeating Fallacy”

    • It contradicts itself, so it must be false

    • So “What if thatisnt true for me?”


    Relativism2
    RELATIVISM

    Claim: You cant know truth.

    Response: How do you know that?


    Relativism3
    RELATIVISM

    Claim: There is no Truth.

    Response: Is that True?


    Relativism4
    RELATIVISM

    Claim: You shouldn’t judge.

    Response: That seems like a judgement.


    Relativism5
    RELATIVISM

    Claim: All truth is relative.

    Response: That’s not true for me…


    Relativism6
    RELATIVISM

    Claim: Only science can give us truth.

    Response: Is that a scientific truth?

    or

    Response: What lab experiment was done to conclude that?


    Relativism7
    RELATIVISM

    Claim: You shouldn’t force your morality on people.

    Response: Is that your moral view?(yes)

    Then, why are you forcing it on me?


    Relativism8
    RELATIVISM

    Claim: God forgives those that obey their conscience.


    Relativism9
    RELATIVISM

    Lets look at Religious Claims

    All Religious/Moral claims are Relative to the Subject

    Christianity is not based on my preference

    It is based on Historical Fact


    Relativism10
    RELATIVISM

    Either Jesus Lived a Perfect Life, Was Crucified, and Resurrected, Or He Wasnt


    Relativism11
    RELATIVISM

    So what does that say about the Bible?

    If There’s No Truth, Then No Book Written by an Atheist can be True Either


    Subjective truth vs objective truth8
    SUBJECTIVE TRUTH vs OBJECTIVE TRUTH

    OBJECTIVE

    • Either True or False

    • Can be wrong

    • About Things

      SUBJECTIVE

    • NEITHER True or False

    • Can’t be wrong

    • About Feelings


    Relativism vs absolute
    RELATIVISM vs ABSOLUTE

    What is relative?

    If Truth is relative to you, then what causes you to change your opinions?

    Are there such things as absolute?

    What would happen if everything were relative?

    then that would be absolutely true


    Relativism vs absolute1
    RELATIVISM vs ABSOLUTE

    What would happen if everything were absolutely true?

    Then we couldn’t have such things as personal preferences or things that change.


    Relativism vs absolute2
    RELATIVISM vs ABSOLUTE

    Examples:

    Positive 7 is always greater than positive 5.

    absolute or relative?

    Blue is a better color than green?

    absolute or relative?

    can I change my mind?


    Relativism vs absolute3
    RELATIVISM vs ABSOLUTE

    Unfortunately more and more people cannot distinguish between absolute truths and relative truths.

    We put our feelings, preferences, etc.. above absolutes to make them more palatable.


    Relativism vs absolute4
    RELATIVISM vs ABSOLUTE

    Example:

    someone saying “it is true for you that Jesus is the only way to God, but to a Muslim, Mohammad would be the only way.”

    What is wrong with that statement?


    Relativism vs absolute5
    RELATIVISM vs ABSOLUTE

    Such statements ignore the logical possibility of having two “only-ways” to God.

    We have to be able to distinguish between the two.


    Relativism vs absolute6
    RELATIVISM vs ABSOLUTE

    We cannot argue when absolutes and relatives are mixed up.

    We have to be absolutely sure about what it is we know.


    Relativism vs absolute7
    RELATIVISM vs ABSOLUTE

    If there is such a thing as truth, then we should be able to find it.

    If truth cannot be known, then it probably doesn’t exist.

    But it does exist, because you are here I know that is true.


    Relativism vs absolute8
    RELATIVISM vs ABSOLUTE

    If we are to determine if there is such a thing as truth apart from cultural and personal preferences, we must acknowledge that we are then aiming to discover something greater that ourselves.


    Sources of knowledge
    SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

    So where does this knowledge of truth come from?


    Sources of knowledge1
    SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

    Tradition

    Things that were taught to you

    parents, school, church, etc…

    You could also call this “Authority”

    If you are raised in a Hindu family, you’d most likely be a Hindu


    Sources of knowledge2
    SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

    Reason

    We have a logical mind

    The Laws of logic

    Specifically the Law of Non-Contradiction

    Sometimes, we’re too emotionally attached to our views


    Sources of knowledge3
    SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

    Experience

    Our Events/History

    Personal Encounters


    Sources of knowledge4
    SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

    Emotion

    How we feel

    Stalin, Hitler, Suicide-bombers

    Emotions can inform us about truth.


    Sources of knowledge5
    SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

    General Revelation

    What we observe in the natural world

    Science/5 Senses

    Psalm 19 and Romans 1 claim the natural world proclaims the glory of God


    Sources of knowledge6
    SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

    Special Revelation

    Specific information revealed by God in the Bible


    Sources of knowledge7
    SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

    What are your “Primary Sources of Knowledge?”

    Tradition

    Reason

    Experience

    Emotion

    General Revelation

    Special Revelation

    which do you tend to rely on?


    Sources of knowledge8
    SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

    Generaliztion

    Catholics – Tradition (church doctrines)

    Philosphers – Reason

    Charismatics – Emotion, Experience

    Scientist – General Revelation (observation)

    Postmodernists – Experience

    (“works for me”)


    Sources of knowledge9
    SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

    Which are Objective and which are Subjective?

    Tradition

    Reason

    Experience

    Emotion

    General Revelation

    Special Revelation


    Sources of knowledge10
    SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

    Which are Objective and which are Subjective?

    Tradition

    Reason

    Experience

    Emotion

    General Revelation

    Special Revelation

    Subjective


    Sources of knowledge11
    SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

    Which are Objective and which are Subjective?

    Tradition

    Reason

    Experience

    Emotion

    General Revelation

    Special Revelation

    Objective


    Sources of knowledge12
    SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

    How Do We Determine If Something Is True?

    Three Test:

    Test of Reason

    Test of Experience

    Test of Practice


    Sources of knowledge13
    SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

    Test of Reason

    The Law of Non-Contradiction is one of the main ways we know things.


    Sources of knowledge14
    SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

    Test of Practice

    Does it Work?

    Or do you have to borrow from other Worldviews


    Sources of knowledge15
    SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

    Test of Experience.

    Does the Explanation match the facts of our observation?

    there aren’t many flat earth society members left… why?


    Sources of knowledge16
    SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

    Test of Experience

    Cautions:

    “God told me _______”

    Don’t reply on experience when presenting the gospel.

    Experience can help you know, but not show.


    Sources of knowledge17
    SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

    Test of Experience

    Experience and observation can be helpful in pointing to an absolute, but we should not base beliefs solely on it.


    Sources of knowledge18
    SOURCES OF KNOWLEDGE

    So what does that say about faith?

    Is it Faith vs Reason?

    Should we have blind faith?


    Faith
    FAITH

    Biblical Usage:

    Trust exhibited after becoming convinced of the evidence.

    Believing because of not in spite of

    Faith and Facts are both necessary. If either are missing, it misses the Biblical mark


    Faith1
    FAITH

    Instead of the word “Faith” use:

    Trust

    Conviction

    Definition: “Active Trust is what you have good reason to believe is true.”


    Faith2
    FAITH

    Mark 2:9-11

    “Know”

    Acts 2:36-28

    Know followed by Repent


    Blind faith
    BLIND FAITH

    Some say the more we know the less we will have to take on faith…

    Hopefully we find the bones of Jesus!


    Faith3
    FAITH

    So why do we fall into Relativism?

    Why is our culture bent on Relativism?

    NO RESPONSIBILITY!


    Faith4
    FAITH

    Romans 1 says that people “exchange the truth of God for a lie.”

    People want to live how they want to live, without an absolute authority.


    Faith5
    FAITH

    When your philosophical system does not have God as the starting point, the your philosophical system will fail to explain reality.


    Faith6
    FAITH

    If we ever hope to determine if there is such a thing as truth apart from cultural and personal preferences, we must acknowledge that we are then aiming to discover something greater than ourselves, something that transcends culture and individual inclinations.


    Faith7
    FAITH

    To do this is to look beyond ourselves and outside of ourselves. In essence, it means we are looking for God. God would be truth, the absolute and true essence of being and reality who is the author of all truth. If you are interested in truth beyond yourself, then you must look to God.


    Faith8
    FAITH

    For the Christian, the ultimate expression of truth is found in the Bible, in Jesus who said, "I am the way, the truth, and the life..." (John 14:6). Of course, most philosophers and skeptics will dismiss His claim, but for the Christian, He is the mainstay of hope, security, and guidance. Jesus, who walked on water, claimed to be divine, rose from the dead, and said that He was the truth and the originator of truth.


    Faith9
    FAITH

    If Jesus is wrong, then we should ignore Him. But, if He is right, then it is true that we should listen to Him.

    The eyewitnesses wrote what they saw. They were with Him. They watched Him perform many miracles, heal the sick, calm a storm with a command, and even rise from the dead. Either you believe or dismiss these claims.


    Faith10
    FAITH

    Truth conforms to reality. Jesus performed many miracles and rose from the dead.



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