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Display Screen Equipment at Work. Dean Fenton. What are the Risks to people who regularly use workstations ?. Work Related Upper Limb Disorder (WRULD) - ranging from temporary fatigue to chronic soft tissue injuries eg tendinitis or carpal tunnel syndrome.

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What are the risks to people who regularly use workstations
What are the Risks to people who regularly use workstations ?

Work Related Upper Limb Disorder (WRULD) -

ranging from temporary fatigue to chronic soft tissue injuries eg tendinitis or carpal tunnel syndrome.

Postural – prolonged static posture and awkward sitting position eg twisting are known to cause musculoskeletal problems.


Why should we conduct risk assessments on workstations
Why should we conduct risk assessments on workstations ? ?

Legal – requirements HSWA 1974 and H&S (DSE) Regs 1992.

Moral – If a risk assessment is conducted and followed the risks (previous slide) are reduced significantly.

Financial - Less chance of a person being off work sick with WRULD or musculoskeletal disorders.


When assessing a workstation what would you consider about the following
When assessing a workstation what would you consider about the following:

Display Screen

Key Board

Mouse

Software

Desk

Chair

Environment


Display screen
Display Screen the following:

Adjust brightness & contrast to suit lighting

Screen surface clean

Screen characters sharply focussed ( no flicker )

Text size – large enough to see clearly

Screen at an appropriate height


Key board
Key Board the following:

Correctly placed with adequate space

Symbols legible

Facility to tilt

Wrist support if required


Mouse
Mouse the following:

Mat free from splits, cracks & fraying

Positioned within reach

Used with wrist straight

Room to support forearm on desk


Software
Software the following:

Appropriate for tasks required

Operators trained where appropriate (eg SWIFT)

Help facilities


Desk the following:

Adequate space to accommodate equipment

Space under desk for leg movement

Provision of footrest (where required)

Set to avoid twisting of the spine and neck


Chair
Chair the following:

Moveable (casters fitted ) Adjustable in height & tilt

Users forearms – approx. horizontal

Eyes – same height as top of the VDU


Environment
Environment the following:

Adequate heating & ventilation

Adequate artificial lighting Natural lighting –able to restrict (blinds) Sufficient space Free of other hazards eg trip hazards

Noise shouldn’t be distracting


Work station set up
Work station set up the following:


Work station set up1
Work station set up the following:

  • Eye to screen distance about 500 to 700 mm. When seated correctly you should just be able to touch the screen with an outstretched fingertip. If a document holder is used it should be placed at a similar distance from the eyes and in the same plane as the screen.

  • Screen height and angle should allow comfortable head position

  • Chair providing adjustable seat height and backrest

  • 4. Good lumbar support to maintain ‘S’- shaped spinal curve


Work station set up2
Work station set up the following:

  • No undue pressure on underside of thighs and backs of knees

  • Foot support adjustable in height if you cannot rest your feet firmly on the floor

  • Clearance under desk for thighs and space for postural change

  • Forearms approximately horizontal.

  • Minimal upward (extension) or downward (flexion) deviation of wrists

    10. Support for wrists, if needed


Reference
Reference the following:

Workstation Risk Assessment template


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