SOCIAL WELFARE POLICYMAKING. Social Welfare Policies. Provide benefits to individuals Based on either Entitlement (regardless of need; Social Security/Medicare) or Means-Tested programs (based on need; Food Stamps or Medicaid). Means-Tested Programs.
If you subtract this $2,000 a month or $24,000 per year from the various quintiles' incomes, the following pre-tax disposable incomes result:
And so, here are the tax percentages that each quintile actually pays as a percent of their true disposable incomes, assuming everyone needs at least $2,000 a month just to get by:
1935 = < 65; 2009 = >78
fewer workers-to-recipients ratio