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PAEE 2009 Project Approaches in Engineering Education ”The Added Value of Teamwork” University of Minho, Portugal 21-22 July , 2009 Project Management and Teamwork Arvid Andersen Copenhagen University College of Engineering Denmark [email protected] ; [email protected]

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PAEE 2009Project Approaches in Engineering Education”The AddedValue of Teamwork”University of Minho, Portugal21-22 July, 2009Project Management and Teamwork Arvid AndersenCopenhagen University College of [email protected]; [email protected]

PAEE´2009

project management
Project Management

Arvid Andersen

All projects are carried out by people – success is achieved through people working in teams

People management is the most important element of project management – it is people who get things done, not objectives, not plans, not machines and not schedules (althouhg all these are important)

PAEE´2009

creativity and innovation
Creativity and Innovation
  • A benign atmosphere showing openness and trust will motivate, stimulate and promote development of creative ideas and innovation.
  • Ideally, teams promise to promote synergy where results outweigh the sum of individual contribution.

PAEE´2009

Arvid Andersen

working in teams
Working in Teams
  • A Team is:

- a task-tuned group of people

- a group of people working together to

chieve ocjectives which are shared

- a social unit deliberately designed

PAEE´2009

Arvid Andersen

teamwork
Teamwork
  • Is more than just teambuilding.
  • Is the ability to work together towards a common vision.
  • Is the ability to direct individual acomplishment.
  • Is the fuel that allows ordinary people to attain extraordinary results.
  • Is less I and more We.

PAEE´2009

Arvid Andersen

working on projects
Working on Projects
  • A goodproject :

- Emphasizesapplication of theory

- Involvesengineering design work

- Is innovative and necessitates a team

approach

- Is important to the provider

- Is not routine

- Has not to manyconstraints over confidenti

allity

Arvid Andersen

PAEE´2009

team development
Team Development
  • Stage 1 – Forming

- The team gets to know each other

- The team begins to understand each others views,

ideas, expectations and objectives

- The team members test each other out

- Individuals begin to create a personal identity

- The team is guarded about issues raised and

opinions given

PAEE´2009

Arvid Andersen

team development1
Team Development
  • Stage 2 – Storming

- Opinions more openly and forcefully

presented

- Group leadershipmaybechallenged

- Someinfighting as allegiancesareques-

tioned

- Nature of the task and programmeChallen

ged

- Somemembersfeeldemotivated and leave

Arvid Andersen

PAEE´2009

team development2
Team Development
  • Stage 3 – Norming

- More organisedwith procedures and sys

stems to achieveparticulargoals

- The skillslevel, competences and behavi

oural norms for eachmemberbecomeapp

arent

- Interpersonalbarriersfallinto the backgr

ound

- Increasedco-operation and exchange of views,

ideas and opinions

”The sooner the groupattempts to fulfillcertaintaskgoals, the sooner it will break of the infighting stage”

PAEE´2009

Arvid Andersen

team development3
Team Development
  • Stage 4 – Performing
    • Team matured and workingwelltogether
    • Increasedcohesionwithmemberssupportingoneanother and sharing information and ideas
    • Toleratingeachothers differences
    • Able to marshalitsfullresources to persue the commongoal

Howquickly the team progressesdependon the leader´sskill in reconciling differences, developingcohesion and assisting the group in identifyingwitheachother

Arvid Andersen

PAEE´2009

teamwork is
Teamwork is
  • Group performance with regard to:

- The product produced

- The process excuted

- The people involved

Arvid Andersen

PAEE´2009

barriers to communication
Barriers to Communication
  • Language
  • Cultural behaviour
  • Speaking skills
  • Listening skills

Arvid Andersen

PAEE´2009

peer and self assessment techniques
Peer and Self-AssessmentTechniques
  • Weekly meetings with supervisors
  • Regular meetings with company representatives
  • Project and people review meetings
  • Collaborative agreements
  • Improvement reports
  • Personal improvement plans

Arvid Andersen

PAEE´2009

integrated engineering
Integrated Engineering
  • Integrated engineering involves the interrelated work of several disciplines
  • The disciplines involved in a given project are chosen according to the need of the project provider and the academic world
  • Working in an integrated engineering context emphasizes development of personal competences

Arvid Andersen

PAEE´2009

steps in environmentally sound design
Steps in environmentally sound design
  • Evaluatematerials and processes.
  • Make sure that the product is easy to takeapart in order to reuse.
  • Make the design simple and eliminatepainting and dangeroussolubles .
  • If packing is necessary, make sure that it is reuseableorbiologicallydegradeable.
  • Design a long lifeinto the product.
  • Design a long lifeinto the product.
  • Make sure that the end usercanrepair and reusecomponents.
  • Sustainableengineeringdevelopment and environmentalconcern.

Arvid Andersen

PAEE´2009

statements
Statements
  • Why do fewer students takeengineeringeducation? (SN36-1990)
  • Engineering students sufferfacturaloverloads (SN36-1990)
  • Lookingahead to 2020, whatwillbe the most importantskills, knowledge and behaviors for students to acquire to provide Ohio withcompetitiveadvantages in the global economy? (ASEE 2. Jan. 2009)

PAEE´2009

learning in teams
Learning in Teams
  • It´s not enough to tell and show students, they must beinvolved to learn
  • Don´tspoon-feed students
  • Don´toverfillsyllabusses
  • Allow time to wonder
  • Provide time to developknowledge, insight and skills
  • Help students to developcriticalthinkingskills,whichwillimprovetheirconfidence and theirability to dare

PAEE´2009

first team meeting agenda
First team-meeting agenda
  • Attitude test, group work
  • What is your level of ambition?
  • What is required of you by your home university?
  • What is your opinion of working long hours?
  • Problem/project formulation exercise

NB: A minute of the meeting should be placed in the team log book.

PAEE´2009

education should be changed
Education should be changed
  • Engineers commonly describe themselves in terms of a single discipline, a convention increasingly misleading. Therefore reasons to adjust or change education should be considered.

PAEE´2009

reasons to change education 1
Reasons to change education 1
  • Very few engineers work totally within the confines of a single discipline or industry.
  • Fundamental changes in working attitudes, and greater emphasis on multidisciplinary and multinational environments, highlights the need for a radically different approach to education and training.
  • Traditional specialism no longer apply in the world dictated by a bigger overlap of engineering and science.
  • The accelerating evolution of technology accompanied by a growing amount of knowledge, much of which continuously become redundant, require a new approach to education and training and changes of the curriculum.

PAEE´2009

reasons to change education 2
Reasons to change education 2
  • We have to provide a “deep” learning environment in which acquiring insight will take precedence over conventional specialist courses.
  • Continuing education has become a more determinant factor in career development and is part of a through-career education and training.
  • Easier access to knowledge through the ongoing advances in information technology should be coupled with improvements in teaching and assessment techniques.
  • Accreditation boards should be aware of the changing conditions and adjust accordingly. They should appreciate the new professional equipped with a broad range of entrepreneurial skills.

PAEE´2009

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