Jesus in the Old Testament. Christian Evidences Conference Dr. John Oakes, June 14, 2009. This Weekend: Is the Jesus of the New Testament the Jesus of history?. Our Outline: Messianic Prophecies Types, Prefigures and Foreshadows. Acts Chapter Two:
Jesus in the Old Testament
Christian Evidences Conference
Dr. John Oakes,
June 14, 2009
Types, Prefigures and Foreshadows
Acts Chapter Two:
· Jesus fulfilled the messianic prophecies, therefore he is Messiah
· Jesus worked miracles, therefore he is Lord
· Jesus was crucified and rose from the dead, therefore he is savior
· Repent and be baptized.
He said to them, “This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms. Luke 24:44
Septuagint translation of the Old Testament into Greek 220-150 BC
Dead Sea Scrolls.250-50 BC
The Great Qumran Isaiah Scroll
Tiberius Pontius Pilatus Procutator of Judea
Question #3 Are these, in fact, prophecies of the Messiah? (or are we taking them out of context)
Hint: If the Jews themselves acknowledged them to be messianic, that is very strong evidence.
Question #4 Could Jesus, planning on deceiving the people into believing he was the Messiah, have read the Old Testament and tried to fulfill all the prophecies?
Fortress Antonia – Where Jesus was condemned
Israel 1999 Expedition
Deceitfully fulfilling the messianic prophecies: a bad plan!
He was despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows, familiar with suffering. (v. 3)
But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed. (v. 5) (John 19:31-37)
He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth. (v. 7)
But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from old, from ancient times.
In the past he humbled the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the future he will honor Galilee of the Gentiles, by the way of the sea, along the Jordan…. For to us a child is born… And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
Dogs have surrounded me;
a band of evil men have encircled me,
they have pierced my hands and my feet.
I can count all my bones; (John 19:31-37)
people stare and gloat over me.
They divide my garments among them
and cast lots for my clothing. (John 19:23,24)
I told them, “If you think it best, give me my pay; but if not, keep it.” so they paid me thirty pieces of silver. (Matthew 26:14-16)
And the Lord said to me, “Throw it to the potter”—the handsome price at which they priced me! So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw them into the house of the Lord, to the potter. (Matthew 27:3-8)
Seventy ‘sevens’ are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy.
Know and understand this: From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem, until the Anointed One, the ruler comes, there will be seven ‘sevens’ and sixty two ‘sevens’
Decree of Artaxerxes (Ezra 7:12-26) 458 BC
458 BC - 490 years = -32
No zero BC = 33 AD when Messiah will come to Jerusalem
Was all this an accident, or did God plan all along for the Passion of the Christ for forgiveness of sins? What do you think?
Jesus: Man, Myth or Messiah?
Prophecies of the Kingdom of God
John 5:39-40 You diligently study the Scriptures because you think that by them you possess eternal life. These are the Scriptures that testify about me, yet you refuse to come to me to have life.
Old Testament like a play….
Old Testament like a mystery….
From Shadow to Reality
Foreshadow: An object, event, person or situation which stands for something similar, but of greater significance in the future.
Prefigure: A specific thing which stands for another specific thing similar to it in the future.
Type and Antitype: A person or thing regarded as the symbol of someone or something which is yet to appear
1 Corinthians 10:11 These things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings for us, on whom the fulfillment of the ages has come.
A little example: Numbers 21:4-9.
Melchizedek, Isaac, Joseph
Deborah, Samson, Saul
Joshua the priest, Esther
Pharaoh tried to kill him
Herod tried to kill him
Called by God to leave Egypt
Carried out of Egypt
Forty years in the wilderness to prepare for his ministry
Forty days in the wilderness to prepare for his ministry
Left his position with the king of Egypt to dwell with the Jews
Left the right hand of the Father to life with the Jews
Led Israel out of slavery in Egypt
Leads Spiritual Israel out of sin
Aaron prepared the way
John the Baptist prepared the way
Baptized Israel in the Red Sea in order to free them
Commands baptism in water for freedom from sin
Gave manna in the wilderness
Gives spiritual bread to all who hunger
Gave water to the people in the desert
Gives spiritual water: the Holy Spirit
Spoke to God on Mt. Sinai
Spoke to God on Mt. Hermon
Parallels Between Moses and Jesus
Model of The Jewish Tabernacle
ITEM IN TABERNACLE OR TEMPLE
ANTITYPE IN THE NEW COVENANT
The tabernacle itself
God dwelling with his people
John 14:1-3, John 1:14J. Rev 1:13
The bronze altar of sacrifice
The sacrifice of Jesus for sins
The show bread
The bread of life, Jesus Christ
The Holy Spirit
The altar of incense
The prayers of the saints
The blue, purple and scarlet yarn
The heavens, the kingship of God, the blood of Jesus
Separation from God
The ark of the covenant
The presence of God
The Mercy Seat
The grace of God
Type/Antitype Relationships in the Tabernacle
The angels in heaven
Old Testament Sacrifice
New Testament fulfillment
Sweet Savor Sacrifices
The Burnt Offering
Jesus’ and our devotion to God
Ephesians 5:1,2 Romans 12:1,2
The Grain Offering
Giving back a contribution to God
The Drink Offering
Pouring out our life for God
Luke 22:20 Philippians 2:16
The Fellowship Offering
Celebrating our blessings from God
1 Thess 5:16
The Sin Offering
Jesus’ sacrifice for our sins
1 Peter 1:18,19
2 Corinthians 5:21
The Guilt Offering
Maintaining a relationship with one another
Sacrificial Type and Antitype
Antitype in the Christian Life
The Sacrificial Death of Jesus Christ
Feast of Firstfruits
The Resurrection of Jesus Christ
Feast of Unleavened Bread
Celebrating Being Free of Sin in Our Lives
Feast of Weeks/Pentecost (shavoat)
The Giving of the Holy Spirit and the Initiation of the Church
Feast of Trumpets (rosh hashanah)
Judgement Day, Jesus Coming Back
Day of Atonement (yom kippur)
The Day We Were Saved—Spiritual Birthday
Feast of Booths
Celebrating Life in Fellowship with God
First Covenant Festivals as Types
A foreshadow of the Return of Jesus.
Matt 25:30-31, I Thess 4:13-14 Trumpet call.
A foreshadow of Judgment Day
Rabbis: Stay awake all night so you will be prepared.
Sacrificial goat and scape goat.
Sins laid on sacrificial goat, killed outside the camp.
Prefigure of the salvation of Jesus.
Pure, undefiled Passover almb
Blood sprinkled on the wooden beam above the door.
A remembrance of salvation from death
A rembrance of salvation from slavery
No bone broken
The third cup: the cup of salvation.
A harvest festival when there was no harvest.
A promise of a future harvest.
A foreshadow of the final resurrection.
A prefigure of the resurrection of Jesus.
Coll 1:18 The first born from among the dead.
John 11:25, 43-50
Many believed in him
Others decided to kill him.
What about you?