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Cell Size

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Cell Size - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Cell Size. 2 Reason why cells divide. As the cell grows larger the cells DNA will no longer be able to serve the increasing needs of the growing cell. The larger the cell the more trouble it has moving nutrients such as food, oxygen and water and wastes across the cell membrane. DNA Overload.

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2 reason why cells divide
2 Reason why cells divide
  • As the cell grows larger the cells DNA will no longer be able to serve the increasing needs of the growing cell.
  • The larger the cell the more trouble it has moving nutrients such as food, oxygen and water and wastes across the cell membrane.
dna overload
DNA Overload
  • As the cell increases in size it does not make an extra copy of DNA so the DNA that it has will no longer be able to meet the needs of the growing cell.
exchanging materials
Exchanging Materials
  • The rate at which the nutrients and wastes are exchanged depends on the surface area of a cell.
  • Surface Area (SA)= 6 x heigth x width
  • The rate at which nutrients are used up and waste products are produced depends on the cells volume.
  • Volume (V)= length x width x height
surface area volume ratio
Surface Area/Volume Ratio
  • There is a relationship between a cells volume and its surface area and why a cell must divide as they grow
  • As a cell increases in size, its volume increases faster than its surface area
  • Ideally, a cell wants to have a large surface area with a small volume or a large SA/V ratio
surface area volume ratio1
Surface Area/Volume Ratio
  • Find the SA/V ratio of a 4cm x 4 cm x 4 cm cube.
  • SA = 6 x 4 x 4 = 96
  • V = 4 x 4 x 4 = 64
  • SA/V = 96/64
  • SA/V=48/32
  • SA/V=24/16
  • SA/V=12/8
  • SA/V=6/4
  • SA/V= 3/2
surface area volume ratio continued
Surface Area/Volume Ratio Continued
  • Find the surface area/volume ratio of a 1 cm x 1cm x 1 cm cube.
  • SA for a cube = 6 x height x width
  • V = height x width x length
  • SA/V = 6 x 1 x 1/1 x 1 x 1 = 6/1
surface area volume ratio continued1
Surface Area/Volume ratio continued
  • Now find the SA/V ratio of a 2x2x2 cm cube.
  • SA= 6x2x2
  • V=2x2x2
  • SA/V=24/8
  • SA/V=12/4
  • SA/V=6/2
  • SA/V=3/1
surface area volume ratio continued2
Surface Area/ Volume ratio continued
  • Now find the SA/V ratio of a 3x3x3 cm cube.
  • SA= 6x3x3=54
  • V= 3x3x3=27
  • SA/V=54/27
  • SA/V=18/9
  • SA/V=6/3
  • SA/V=2/1
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6/1

3/1

2/1

cell division
Cell Division
  • Cell division-the splitting of a single cell into 2 daughter cells
  • A cell must divide when:

1. A cell has grown so that the nucleus can no longer control all of the cytoplasm

2. The SA/V ratio is too low

3 life processes that depend on cell division
3 Life Processes that Depend on Cell Division
  • Growth- Increase in size
  • Repair- Accomplished by cell regeneration at the site of injury
  • Reproduction- Either asexually (requires one parent) or sexually (requires two parents)
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