Korea land of the morning calm
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Korea: Land of the Morning Calm. The Basics:. Gojoseon (2333 B.C.) - (300 B.C.) Three Kingdoms Period (313 A.D. -688 A.D.) United Silla Dynasty (688-935 A.D.) Koryo Dynasty (935-1392 A.D.) Choson (Joseon) (YI) Dynasty (1392-1910 A.D.). The Three Kingdoms.

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Korea: Land of the Morning Calm

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Korea: Land of the Morning Calm


The Basics:

  • Gojoseon (2333 B.C.)- (300 B.C.)

  • Three Kingdoms Period (313 A.D. -688 A.D.)

  • United Silla Dynasty (688-935 A.D.)

  • Koryo Dynasty (935-1392 A.D.)

  • Choson (Joseon) (YI) Dynasty (1392-1910 A.D.)


The Three Kingdoms


Three Kingdoms Period (around 50 B.C. -688 A.D.):

  • Goguryeo, Baekje, and Silla

  • Buddhism spread through Korea

  • China has civil war- not messing with Korea


United Silla Dynasty (688-935 A.D.)

  • Silla joined the Chinese Tang Dynasty and defeated the Goguryeo and Baekje

  • China invades Silla with one million soldiers

  • Silla drives out Chinese and unify Korea

  • Constant civil war breaks Korea apart again


Koryo Dynasty (935-1392 A.D.)

  • Unified most of Korea

  • Freed all of the slaves in 958

  • Created Civil Service Exams (like China) for government jobs

  • Mongols invade and take over

  • Mongols fade away- Japan begins raiding

  • General Yi Song-gye of Korea starts a new dynasty, kills off the old ruling family


Choson (Joseon) or (YI) Dynasty (1392-1910 A.D.)

  • Highly organized state

  • Economic and Agricultural Reforms

  • Paper Money

  • Schools and Academies Prospered

  • Great King Sejong 1397-1450 (height of Choson Dynasty)

    1. Founder of the modern Korean language

    2. New Laws

    3. Civil Rights


Downfall of the Yi Dynasty

  • Japan unsuccessfully invades in 1590s, but weakens the Yi

  • After Japan, the Manchus (China) invade

    - Next 250 years Manchus are overlords of the Yi Dynasty

    - Famines and poor government continue until the 20th century


Social Structure

  • 1) Royals

  • 2) Civil and Military officials known as the yangban

  • 3) Palace people of lower official rank

  • 4) regional clerks and other lower government officials

  • 5) tax-paying free citizens, mostly peasant farmers, fishermen, artisans, etc. 6) Considered inferior people: low class merchants and slaves.


Religion

  • Buddhism and Confucianism dominated

  • Both religions/philosophies adopted at different times in government

    1. Buddhism popular in Koryo Dynasty-state religion

    2. Neo Confucianism popular in Choson Dynasty- exams for government jobs

  • Today

    • Christianity dominates South Korea

    • North Korea is officially atheist


  • Korea: 20th – 21st Century

  • Late 19th Century Japan and Western powers force Korea to end its isolation and open up for trade

  • Early 20th Japan and China fight for control, Japan wins and annexes Korea in 1910, Yi Dynasty officially ends

  • Japan runs Korea… Koreans second class citizens in their own country

  • 1945: Defeat of Japan

  • - North Korea influenced by Communists (China/Russia)

  • - South Korea influenced by America/UN

  • 1950-1953 Korean War

    • - North Korean success

    • - Americans/UN land drive North Koreans back

    • - China enters and a stalemate

    • - Cease-fire signed… no peace agreement


Korea Since the End of the War

  • South Korea

  • - Slowly transitioned to a Democracy

  • - Modernized through government support of giant corporations (Chaebols) and protectionism

  • - Asian Tiger: Seen as a great economic world power

  • North Korea

    • Communist government dominated by Kim-ll Sung and now son Kim Jong-il

    • Poor human rights record

    • Highly developed military (15%+ of GDP)

    • Inadequate energy and food resources for population

    • Tense relations with neighbors and the U.S.

    • Nuclear Weapons- a few

    • - uses them as a negotiation tool


Korean Buddha Statue

Korean Confucius Statue


Granite Carved Buddha 751 A.D.

Pictures of Korean Culture

Silla Era Pagodas

Artistic Poetry, Koryo era

Korean Letters


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