THE POINT OF POWER THERAPY Developing a Computer Therapy Program in POWER POINT (1997-2003 PPT). Presented in Power Point with Dr. Hall. (Click anywhere to go on…). Viewer discretion advised. I understand the Point part but what does the Powder do?.
THE POINT OF POWER THERAPYDeveloping a Computer Therapy Program in POWER POINT(1997-2003 PPT)
(Click anywhere to go on…)
Viewer discretion advised
I understand the Pointpart but what does the Powder do?
We are going to use this POWER POINT presentation to teach you how do develop a computer program, using Power Point, for therapy in Communication Disorders.
It’s POW Celia! Its POWER and it means you can create, almost like MAGIC, a powerful computer lesson with a minimum of effort and time.
Please click on the RED arrow to proceed
Your assignment for this Module is to develop, using the “MAGIC” of POWER POINT, a simple 3 Slide Therapy lesson (you can do more if you wish) which teaches something, is interactive and has feedback. Hopefully it will also be interesting to the student, and easy and even fun to develop, so please, don’t have a bad feeling about this, at least yet. Click the cursor on the red arrow to see an example…
Drawing Inferences #1
This couple is about to begin…
Please Click the arrow to go back and try again.
Please Click the arrow to go back and try again.
I used animated GIF’s for my pictures which I drew myself, but any still picture (GIF or JPEG) etc. would do. Power Point comes with a small library of pictures and sounds which can be Inserted into a lesson; or you can insert or copy and paste from other programs (some of the sounds, for example, that I used came originally from Hyperstudio); and then again, there is a virtual endless sea of pictures and sounds you can copy off the Web, or if you have access to Boardmaker, you have it made.
You can, of course, also insert simple movie clips instead of a GIF picture into your lesson. You can get these off the Web too, or if you have nothing else to do and have a video camera, you can cheaply make them yourself. Here is a video of me, for example, in my younger days (55ish give or take 5) giving a CD student a lesson in Self-Defense…To see this video, click on the Camera below, but be warned that some of the scenes may be graphic and should not be seen by anyone under 60 without adult supervision; and please remember…
Don’t try this in the home !!!
(Click on the picture to repeat, or the red button if you have seen enough!)
Oh well, that is why I am a Speech Pathologist and not a Karate Instructor! Actually we used this quicktime movie in a lesson to demonstrate the familial phrase, “He asked for it.”
So how do we start? The first thing we must have is a Power Point Program as found in Microsoft Office. There are a 2004, a 2008, and now a 2010 Version of Power Point.
When you open up Power Point, please notice the large slide in the center. This is where we will develop our lesson. To the left is a space for a column of small slides (right now there is only one) that will show the order of the slides as they are made. We can use this column to maneuver between the slides as they increase in number, by clicking on the slide we want..
If we put the cursor after the first slide (on the left) and press the “Return” key, we will get a new slide, and if we do it again, we will have the third slide we need for this project.
To get back to the first slide, we can click on the first slide in the left hand column. Now we can start to develop our lesson. But what will that lesson be? It could be about Confrontation Naming (i.e., naming the pictures), or Categorization, or Spelling or Grammar such as prepositional phrases, or anything. For this example, lets use Categorization as the central goal of the therapy lesson. For example, we could ask the question, “Which one doesn’t belong?”
Looking at the Center Slide, we can see that there are two Text Boxes outlined on the slide. One says “Click to add Title” and the other says “Click to add text.” We may wish to move, remove and/or modify them so we have room for our pictures. We can move a text box by moving the cursor towards the edge until it turns into a small hand. Then with the hand showing we hold down the button on the mouse and drag the box to the new location. Or if we click the mouse so that the box has little circles in the corners and then hit the delete key, the text box will be wiped out.
To make the box thinner we put the cursor on one of the small circles on the edge or corners of the box until it turns into an two wayarrow box. Then with the mouse button down we drag the edge to the desired size.
To add a picture, we go to the “Insert”Pull Down menu and scroll down to the “Picture” option. A new menu pops up to the left with more choices. We could click on the “From File” optionif we had pictures we had drawn or copied off the Web and saved somewhere on our computer; or we can use the “Clip Art” option if we want to use the Power Point’s library.
The next thing we might wish to do is set up page (slide) 2 as a negative response page, and page 3 as a positive response page.
For the negative response page we might wish to have some kind of picture and a written response, like, “Sorry, wrong picture. Please try again.”
We can use the Power Point Clip Art Library, as before, and type in the word “Sad.” Clicking on the picture will insert it into our slide
Here there are a number of options. We can select an action to occur on a Mouse Click (or when the mouse moves over the area).
When we click on the “Hyper Link to” radial button,” a pull down menu appears giving us a choice of which card the lesson should move to next.
There is also a Play Sound pull down menu which will give us some choices of sounds.
When we click “OK” we are finished.
Hence, for the “Sailboat” picture, if the student clicks on that picture, the lesson will go to the next slide, which happens to be the Negative Reinforcement Slide.
We can repeat this procedure with the “Airplane” picture so that if the student clicks on that picture, the lesson will also move to the Negative Reinforcement Slide.
Once the student has arrived on the Negative Reinforcement Slide, it will be necessary to have a button available so the student can return to the Question Slideto try again.
This time, rather than making a Picture or a Textbox interactive, we will insert a separate button for this purpose. We can do this by going to the “Slide Show” pull down menu, as before, but this time selecting the “Action Buttons” option. When we do this another popup menu will appear with a list of button types to chose from. We shall select the “last Slide Viewed”
When we click on our choice for a button, nothing seems to happen, except the cursor will appear in the form of a cross (+). We place the cross where we want the button to be on our slide, and holding down button on the mouse drag the cursor. A square will appear which we will make the size of the button we are creating.
When we release the button on the mouse, the same “Action Settings” menu we saw before will appear. It will show the action of the link (I.e, “Last Slide Viewed,” and give us an opportunity to add sound.
At this point I am pleased to say that we have made a Clean Sweep of things. We have looked at enough of the Power Point tools to complete the three slide project for this Module. We have developed a lesson that teaches something, is interactive, andprovides feedback.
Lets see how it works…
Which picture does not belong?
Categorizing Lesson: Question #1
Click here to
YES, YES, YES, YOU TAKE THE CAKE!
That was CORRECT.
There are many more capabilities in Power Point, but we need only discuss a few more odds and ends to satisfactorily complete our class Project. For example, you remember on Slide #1 of this lesson, how we can click anywhere on the slide to move on to the next slide? This strategy does not work well, however, when we want to use buttons to move the lesson. Hence, we must disable the “click anywhere” option. This can be done under the Slide Show pull down menu through the Slide Transition option.
When we click on the Slide on the screen. Of primary importance is the BOX under the “Advance slide” heading in front of the “On mouse click” option. If that box is checked, a mouse click anywhere on this slide will advance the program to the next slide. If it is NOT checked, this will not occur, and only the buttons will be interactive. If we click the cursor in this box, it will toggle the option on or off..
At the top of this menu is a Transition Pull Down Menu. This determines how the program moves from slide to slide. There is a long list of options under this heading some of which are shown to the right. But being a person who can’t make a decision, I chose the “Random Transition” option.
Hence, if you toggle back and forth between this and previous slide you should see some variation in the mode of transition.
Of course, you can also set the speed and even add sound under the “Modify transition” heading.
But be careful. If you then click on the “Apply to All Slides” button, the effects will generalize to all the slides in your lesson. Be sure that’s what you want
SOUNDS—can add a lot of life and sparkle to a lesson. You may have noticed that in the Action Buttons and Texts as well as the Slide Transitions we have looked at, there were options to interject sounds into the action. Power Point has a small library of sounds, but you may have access to others which you would like to use. On the next slide are some sounds taken from a scene entitled …
THE RETURN OF
If we have found a sound file some place else that is compatible with Power Point (many of them are), we can Insert the file into our lesson slide by using the “Insert” pull downmenu, the “Movies and Sounds” option and then the “Sound from File” option. The procedure for locating and opening (inserting) the sound file is the same as that used in all programs to find and open any file.
If we are in the PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT mode of Power Point (as opposed to the SHOW or PRESENTATION mode) we can click once on the picture of the “speaker” to copy it. It should get some small circles around it..
Then, while the circles are there we can copy (Ctrl & C) and paste (CTRL & V) to capture it and put it into a different lesson slide…in this case we will paste it into the Negative Reinforcement slide of our three slide lesson Project. If you wish, you can try copying the Speaker Icon on the previous slide right into your own program.
Once the sound icon is on the proper slide, there are some decisions and adjustments that need to be made. They include:
1. Do we want to the icon to be visible when we present the lesson.
2. How do we want to start the sound file to play.
3. When do we want the sound file to play.
When these decisions are made, the adjustments can be accomplished by opening the “Slide Show” pull down menu and scrolling down to the “Custom Animation” option. (Remember, the speaker icon still has the circles around it to indicate that we are modifying it.)
When we click on the “Custom Animation”option, a “Custom Animation”Control Menu appears on the right side of the screen. This will be used to modify our sound file, as well as to add effects to other objects, like a text box. Please notice that the sound icon still has the small circles around it. That means it is represented in the Custom Animation Control Menu by the highlighted box which, in this case, is labeled “media 1
If we click the cursor on the Start Pull Down Menu, we get three choices relative to how we will start the sound file.
If we choose the first, “Start on Click,”the sound will not begin until the viewer clicks on the sound icon.
If we chose the second, “Start with Previous,” it will begin automatically when the slide opens. This is the one we will choose for now
And, if we chose the third, “Start after Previous,” it will begin automatically after any other special effect on the card is executed. More choices are available in the Effect Options link.
In the Effect Options, there are two choices. One is Effect and the other is Timing. We will discuss Timing on the next Slide. In the Effect Option the choice is given to have the animated object make a sound during the animation. For example, when an arrow comes in on this page, not only can we control how it comes in (e.g., straight, circular, twirling etc.) but we can designate the sound it will make (in this case a “whooshing” sound.) This is done in the Sound Pull Down Menu.
In the Effect Options Menu, we can see that the Object movement was set to “Ease In.” The question addressed in this menu is “When” the action should begin. Under the “Start”Pull Down Menu there are several choices. These include, “With Previous; After Previous; and On Click.” Beyond that we can set a Delay in seconds, and the Speed with which the Animation is executed. The last option sets the number of repetitions the movement should have.
Lets see how these few features look when they have been added to our Three Slide Lesson.
Which picture does not belong?
Categorizing Lesson: Question #1
Click here to return
YES, YES, YOU ARE A ROARING SUCCESS, YOU TAKE THE CAKE!
That was CORRECT.
OUT OF MEMORY
$500 FOR 3 MINUTES
This should take no more than THREE MINUTES to process!
When we are DEVELOPING a program in Power Point, the computer monitor shows things like the list of our slides in a column to the left, a Central work area ( the slide we are working on), and maybe some menu, like Action Settings, to the right. These are the tools by which we build and modify the program. Whenever Power Point is in this Development mode, we can make changes. But if we want to see how the program will look when we present it, we must switch to the SHOW mode.
To switch from the Development mode to the Show mode we must click on a particular icon that looks like this…
Now that we have our program developed, we need to Save it. Actually we should have been saving it frequently all the way along. This is easily and quickly acomplished by holding down the “Apple (Command)” key while we hit the “S” key every time we added something we wouldn’t want to lose.
But the first time we save our Program we should always use the “Save As” option under the “File” menu.
First we must decide where to save it. In this case, in a new folder called “Working MAC Tutorial” (located on the desktop).
Then we must give it a name, like “Presentation2.ppt.”
And then we must save it in some Format, in this case, the Presentation mode if we wish to keep working on the program.
When a file, saved as a Presentation, is opened it is displayed in the Development Mode, which means that all of the tools for modifying the program are accessible and/or visible on the screen.
But if we wish to have the Program open in a “play only” mode, we will need to save the program (file) as a “Power Point Show.”
When a file, saved as a show, is opened by clicking on the file icon itself, , the program opens and runs as a full screen interactive lesson. No developmental tools are visible or available. However, if the file is opened through the Power Point Program first, then it opens in the Developmental Mode, and modifications can be made.
Which leaves us with just one more topic of discussion. One of your Herculean tasks for CD 485 was to make a Three Card Therapy Program. After you have done that, the next Herculean task is to use the skills you learned in the first Task, to develop a Three (or more but not necessary) Card Speech Generating Device (SGD) program. The only new skill, perhaps, you would need to learn is how to record your (or some one else’s) voice. I will explain how to do that now.
If you have an audio recording program, you could use that to record your voice and then insert that wave file into your program. But it is easier I think to use the recording option of Power Point.
First you use the “Insert Menu” and scroll down to “Sound & Music” and then to the right to “Record Sound.”
The recording controls that appear are intuitive. Press the RED to Record and the Square to Stop. Use the play arrow to hear what you recorded. Be sure to save the wav file UNDER THE NAME YOU WANT (i.e., change the default name from “Recorded Sound”) and then later use the Insert menu again to bring the sound file from where you saved it into your Power Point Program.
The following is an example of what I mean by a SGD Program. This one has four cards rather than the required three. Sorry about that. It is easy to get carried away. On your first card you need a minimum of 6 squares (3 x 3). You can have more if you wish. The second and third pages can be 3 x 3 squares portraying categories of something like people or food. The pictures you can get almost anywhere by copying and pasting them into your program directly or on to your desktop and then by inserting them into your program.
Please notice, that I have put in the periphery of my example, buttons which have familial phrases, like “hello,” Good bye,” and “I need help!” etc. If you wish to step outside the proverbial box and try a different arrangement, that is a courageous thing to do and I say go for it.
One of the issues you will have to decide is what vocabulary to put into your device. And this, of course, will depend upon the age of the intended client and the use to which it will be put. It could be, for example, for an adult patient in intensive care who has recently had a tracheotomy and can not speak. Or it could be for kids In a kindergarten class; or a young adult who delivers Pizza, etc. The choice is yours to decide what kind of a client your device is designed for.
This ends our lesson on how to develop a Power Point Therapy Lesson, and a Speech Generating Device (SGD). I will now share with you with a profound philosophical concept, which may help to guide your future therapy planning. For this we reach far back in time to the words of one of the World’s greatest Philosophers…
…it is just amazing how a FEW INJECTIONS of some
can turn a somewhat DRAB visualization into a DAZZLINGPRESENTATION.
…GOING TO USE COMPUTER PROGRAMS LIKE POWER POINT TO DEVELOP THERAPY LESSONS THAT WILL BE EFFECTIVE AND FUN.
THEREFORE I AM...
So THANK YOU
g o getum T i g e r!