Gas analysis and gas flow measurement in a biogas plant
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Energy from Biomass and Biogas. Gas analysis and gas flow measurement in a biogas plant. Ho Chi Minh City, 16 September 2013 . Gas analysis and gas flow measurement in a biogas plant. Introduction company BINDER Thermal dispersion mass flow measurement Typical challenges and solutions

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Gas analysis and gas flow measurement in a biogas plant

Energy from Biomass and Biogas

Gas analysis and gas flow measurement in a biogas plant

Ho Chi Minh City, 16 September 2013


Gas analysis and gas flow measurement in a biogas plant1

Gas analysis and gas flow measurement in a biogas plant

  • Introduction company BINDER

  • Thermal dispersion mass flow measurement

  • Typical challenges and solutions

  • Summary and conclusions


Binder group

Binder Group

Binder Group AG Finance Holding

Binder Engineering GmbH Sales & Service Companies in DE / F / CH / NL / B / Singapore, China

BINDER GmbH Manufacturing Company for Gas Flowmeter, Gas Analyzer and Control Systems

with followingproducts: COMBIMASS®/ VACOMASS® / CAMASS®

INSTRUM AG Manufacturing Company for Stainless Steel Pressure Regulators and Valves

BETA B.V. Manufacturing Company for Pressure and Temperature Switches

www.bindergroup.info


Binder gas flow measurement

BINDER Gas flow measurement


Binder gas analysis

BINDER Gas analysis


Basics of thermal dispersion technology

Basics of thermal dispersion technology

The principle:

Gas flows by a heated sensing element and causes cooling down of the element by the mass flow (molecules)

direct mass flow measurement, unaffected by gas pressure and temperature changes

Measurement is based on a PT 100, an additional non-heated sensor is used as a reference.

The amount is directly related to the mass flow.


Typical challenges in biogas applications

Typical challenges in biogas applications

  • Outdoor installation – operation for years under the sky – rain, direct sun light, snow, ...

  • biogas is highly corrosive

  • big plants – long distances between the measuring points

  • ignition potential of methane-air-mixture

  • the concentration of methane is changing in the biogas

  • biogas has a high percentage of water vapour (at the top of the digester 100% relative humidity) and contains beside others H2S and NH3


Typical challenges and solutions

Typical challenges and solutions

  • Outdoor installation – operation for years under the sky – rain, direct sun light, snow, ...

  • biogas is highly corrosive

  • Rugged stainless steel design

  • Sensors are corrosion-proof and resistant against moisture and dirt

  • No mechanical moving parts


Typical challenges and solutions1

Typical challenges and solutions

  • The concentration of methane is changing in the biogas

  • (e.g. density changes can cause 2…3% failure)

  • In combination with a gas analyser station the changing gas composition can be corrected in the flow signal


Typical challenges and solutions2

Typical challenges and solutions

  • biogas has a high percentage of water vapour (at the top of the digester 100% relative humidity)

  • Humidity correction by either

    1.Temperature Method

    2. Dew-Point Method


Humidity correction

Humidity Correction

1.Temperature Method

Based on temperature of the biogas and assuming a relative humidity of 100% the water contents can be calculated by standard method – can be used only directly after the digester. Even if a gas cooler is used to dry the gas, directly after the gas cooler the gas is 100% water damp saturated. But gas temperature mustn't be increased due to blowers, direct sun light etc. In these cases temperature method will calculate a wrong (too high) water damp portion.

2. Dew-Point Method

Using a special probe, the relative humidity and so the water contents can be determined. The probe is sensitive against H2S, therefore it can be used only after the filter at very low H2S-concentrations.


Summary and conclusions

Summary and Conclusions

  • Conditions in biogas plants request solid and reliable designed products for a safe and stable operation

  • Thermodynamic and Chemical properties of biogas require sophisticated measurement & control equipment

  • Combination of gas flow and gas analyser ensures an efficient, reliable and profitable operation of the biogas plant


Questions remarks

Questions / Remarks?

We are happy to receive your feedback, questions and remarks.

Jan Talkenberger

Manager International Sales

[email protected]

+49 1733069903

Binder GmbH

Buchbrunnenweg 18

89081 Ulm, Germany

Eddy Eng

Manager South East Asia

[email protected]

+65 96748286

Binder Instrumentation Pte.Ltd

25 International Business Park,

# 04-06 German Centre

Singapore 609916


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