Why is socrates life important
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 19

Why is Socrates’ life important? PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 54 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Why is Socrates’ life important?. How do I Know ?. Love of Wisdom: Triple A Set of Tools. Analysis Break down Assessment: Coherent, Complete, Correct? Argument The aim of argument, or of discussion, should not be victory, but progress.” – Joseph Joubert.

Download Presentation

Why is Socrates’ life important?

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Why is socrates life important

Why is Socrates’ life important?


How do i know

How do I Know?


Love of wisdom triple a set of tools

Love of Wisdom: Triple A Set of Tools

  • Analysis

    • Break down

  • Assessment:

    • Coherent, Complete, Correct?

  • Argument

    • The aim of argument, or of discussion, should not be victory, but progress.” – Joseph Joubert


How many beliefs do you hold

How many beliefs do you hold?

“Man is what he believes.”

-- Anton Chekov


Two parts of a belief

Two parts of a Belief

Objective : Content of the Proposition

Subjective: the mental state holding a Proposition

Belief leads to action

I desire that…

I spend time editing this slide

I believe someone …

Belief+Desire = Action


How do we know

How do we know?

Why do we try to know…?


Believing is an activity

Believing is an Activity

  • Subject

  • Object

  • What is the goal of a belief? What are you trying to attain?


We want our beliefs to be true

We want our beliefs to be True

  • Belief => Knowledge (or a properly justified true belief)

  • Knowledge => Truth

    “To know something is to know it is true”


Skepticism

Skepticism


Role of skepticism why do we have the beliefs that we hold

Role of Skepticism: Why do we have the beliefs that we hold?

By doubting we come at truth.

Mmmmm?

  • We can never know. OR

  • True knowledge is impossible.

    But how can you say that?


Source skepticism beliefs

Source Skepticism Beliefs

  • Why do we have any beliefs that we hold?

  • Beliefs about:

    • The past

    • The present

    • The future

  • I believe that Plato taught Aristotle

  • I believe that my Mom is at home while I’m at school.

  • I believe that America will remain a democracy.


Sources of belief

Sources of Belief

  • How do we know that sense experience is ever reliable?

  • Circular Reasoning!

    • My Memory

    • Testimony of others

    • My sense experience

    • Skeptic asks:

      • How do you know that human memory is ever reliable?

      • How do you know that others’ testimonies are reliable


    How do we know1

    How do we know?

    • Epistemology: the study of how we know what we know

    • Empiricism

      • Locke, Hume

        “No man’s knowledge here can go beyond his experience” – John Locke


    Rationalism

    Rationalism:

    • Cause and effect

    • Passage of time

    • Spatial awareness

    • If A is greater than B and B is greater than C, then A is greater than C.

    • Descartes


    What is rational

    What is rational?


    Evidentialism

    Evidentialism

    “It is wrong for anyone, anywhere, to believe anything without sufficient evidence. This is literally true always.”

    ?


    Belief conservation principle

    Belief Conservation Principle

    • For any proposition P:

      • If taking a certain cognitive stance toward P would require rejecting or doubting a vast number of current beliefs, and

      • You have no independent reason to reject or doubt all those other beliefs, and

      • You have no compelling reason to take up that cognitive stance toward P…

    • Then it is more rational for you not to take that cognitive stance toward P.


    Philosophy is the love of wisdom and the endeavor to attain it

    Philosophy is the love of wisdom and the endeavor to attain it

    • You are as much a real person as you are deep. As with the depths of a diamond, the interior is twice as important as the surface. There are people who are all façade, like a house left unfinished when the funds run out. They have the entrance of a palace but the inner rooms of a cottage.

      • The Art of Worldly Wisdom, BalthasarGracian, 17th c


  • Login