Sum future and perfect tenses
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SUM: FUTURE AND PERFECT TENSES. Lesson XVII. To be. Sum, esse , fuī : to be. Regular Verb. Irregular forms of sum. To be: Future tense. Regular Verb. Irregular forms of sum. To be: Future tense. To be: Perfect tense. Regular Verb. Irregular forms of sum. To be: Perfect tense.

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SUM: FUTURE AND PERFECT TENSES

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SUM: FUTURE AND PERFECT TENSES

Lesson XVII


To be


Sum, esse, fuī: to be


Regular Verb

Irregular forms of sum


To be: Future tense


Regular Verb

Irregular forms of sum


To be: Future tense


To be: Perfect tense


Regular Verb

Irregular forms of sum


To be: Perfect tense


Adjective Interviews

  • Quandoquinqueannōshabuistī, fuistī …(us/a)?

  • Sic, fuī ---(us/a).

  • Minimē, nōnfuī ---(us/a).


Adjective Interviews

  • Quandoquinqueannōshabuistī, fuistī …(us/a)?

  • Sic, fuī ---(us/a).

  • Minimē, nōnfuī ---(us/a).

  • timidusatrī, timidaatrī– afraid of the dark

  • altus, alta

  • effectivus, effectiva– creative

  • obliviosus, obliviosa– forgetful

  • animosus, animosa– outspoken, bold

  • ineptus, inepta– silly


Lesson XVII: using infinitives


  • Vidēre

  • Parāmus

  • Meruistis

  • Fuit

  • Sum

  • Amāre

  • Habitābimus

  • Manē

  • Erit

  • Maturāre

  • Habēbunt

  • Laudāre

  • Esse

  • Debent


Esseaut Non Esse?

  • Infinitives can be used as nouns


Infinitives as Subjects/Predicate Nominatives

  • Errāreesthumanum.

  • Amīcōshabēreestgrātum.

  • Vidēreestcredēre.

  • Pecuniamdebēreestmalum.

  • Pecuniamservāreestsemperfortunamaugēre


Infinitives as Direct Objects

  • I like

  • I have


Infinitives as Direct Objects

  • Amōmala.

  • Amōedere, edere, edere mala et bananās.


Infinitives as Direct Objects

  • Paratcibum.

  • Paratliberāreservōs.


Lesson XVII: Using Infinitives

The infinitive can be used as a verbal noun.

Infinitives can be the subject of a verb

Amīcōshabēreestgrātum.

It is not declined; it does not have case or number; its gender is neuter

Infinitives can also be used as a direct object.

Paratliberāreservōs.

Look for infinitives after the verbs “debeo” and “maturo”


Subject/Predicate/Direct Object

  • I deserve to remain.

  • He prepared to praise.

  • It is pleasing to announce good things.

  • It is bad to owe money.

  • It will be good to have help in war.

  • The messengers prepare to rile up the slaves.


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