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Henry Ford: American Innovator whose ideas and inventions transformed a Nation. Lesson Plan By Lynn Tilley, NBCT and OKAGE TC Library Media Specialist Comanche Public Schools Comanche, Oklahoma [email protected]

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Henry ford american innovator whose ideas and inventions transformed a nation
Henry Ford: American Innovatorwhose ideas and inventions transformed a Nation

Lesson Plan

By Lynn Tilley, NBCT and OKAGE TC

Library Media Specialist

Comanche Public Schools

Comanche, Oklahoma

[email protected]

http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/running-for-office/index.php?page=7


Henry Ford was an Innovator

“I will build a motor car for the great multitude …..

large enough for the family but small enough for the

individual…..But it will be so low in price that no man

making a good salary will be unable to own one --- and

enjoy with his family the blessing of hours of pleasure

in God’s great open spaces.

-Henry Ford-

(sometime between 1903 – 1906)


http://corporate.ford.com/our-company/heritage/company-milestones-news-detail/commemorating-150-years-of-henry-ford-visionaryhttp://corporate.ford.com/our-company/heritage/company-milestones-news-detail/commemorating-150-years-of-henry-ford-visionary

He was born July 30, 1863, in a rural area approximately ten miles

from Detroit, Michigan. He was the oldest of six surviving children.


http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/40980http://corporate.ford.com/our-company/heritage/company-milestones-news-detail/commemorating-150-years-of-henry-ford-visionary

At this same time, in Indian Territory, the Battle of Honey Springs

took place on July 17, 1863, shortly before Henry’s birth.


http://www.marciesalaskaweb.com/Genealogy/map1817okit.htmhttp://corporate.ford.com/our-company/heritage/company-milestones-news-detail/commemorating-150-years-of-henry-ford-visionary

Also at this time, roads and trails were scarce and in

poor condition in Indian Territory.


http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1863/july/battle-gettysburg-1500.jpghttp://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1863/july/battle-gettysburg-1500.jpg

The Battle of Gettysburg took place just a few short weeks

after Henry’s birth.


http://www.archives.gov/research/military/civil-war/photos/images/civil-war-013.jpghttp://www.archives.gov/research/military/civil-war/photos/images/civil-war-013.jpg

About 1863

Black family going to North

Refugees fleeing battle

Transportation during Civil War about

the time Henry Ford was born

http://www.archives.gov/research/military/civil-war/photos/images/civil-war-012.jpg


http://mshistorynow.mdah.state.ms.us/articles/291/cotton-and-the-civil-warhttp://mshistorynow.mdah.state.ms.us/articles/291/cotton-and-the-civil-war

In the South:

Drawing from

February 1862

newspaper

depicting slaves on

a plantation

picking, ginning,

and shipping

cotton.


http://luna.library.okstate.edu:8180/luna/servlet/detail/OSULibraryOCM~7~7~31243~107341:Map-of-the-United-States-of-Americahttp://luna.library.okstate.edu:8180/luna/servlet/detail/OSULibraryOCM~7~7~31243~107341:Map-of-the-United-States-of-America

In this June 30, 1863, map of the United States, Union and Confederate Geographical

Divisions, one can observe differences between the number of roads in the “Northern”

part of the country as opposed to those in the “South” or in Indian Territory.

Why is this?


http://hfha.org/HenryFord.htmhttp://luna.library.okstate.edu:8180/luna/servlet/detail/OSULibraryOCM~7~7~31243~107341:Map-of-the-United-States-of-America

Henry’s father was an Irish immigrant and a well-to-do farmer.

His mother died when he was twelve, the same year he

realized he had the instincts of a mechanic. Henry stated of her

death, “the house was now a watch without a mainspring.”


At an early age Henry developedhttp://luna.library.okstate.edu:8180/luna/servlet/detail/OSULibraryOCM~7~7~31243~107341:Map-of-the-United-States-of-America

an interest in mechanics

and often repaired watches of

friends and neighbors.

http://hfha.org/HenryFord.htm

In 1876, at age 13, he saw a portable steam engine moving down the road

under its own power. Jumping off his father’s wagon, he eagerly examined it.

This event, he later recalled, sparked the beginning of his vision for a

“horseless carriage.”


He attended school through the 6http://luna.library.okstate.edu:8180/luna/servlet/detail/OSULibraryOCM~7~7~31243~107341:Map-of-the-United-States-of-Americath grade, and in 1879, at age sixteen,

quit and left home for Detroit to find work in machine shops where

he could learn more about mechanics and engineering.

http://collections.thehenryford.org/Collection.aspx?objectKey=61226

Portrait of Henry Ford at Age 18

Working for Detroit Dry Dock Company, 1881


http://collections.thehenryford.org/Collection.aspx?keywords=clara+bryanthttp://collections.thehenryford.org/Collection.aspx?keywords=clara+bryant

In 1888, at age 24, Henry married Clara Bryant. They had one

son Edsel seen here about 1897-98 at their home in Detroit. Henry

worked at the Edison Illuminating Company where he learned about

electrical engineering and continued his experiments at home.


http://hfha.org/HenryFord.htm#Ford-Motor-Cohttp://collections.thehenryford.org/Collection.aspx?keywords=clara+bryant

June of 1896 Henry Ford assembled his first vehicle, the Quadricycle,

in a woodshed behind his rented home. He had to widen the door to

get it out of the building. He was 32 years of age.


To visualize what Oklahoma, and the rest of the http://collections.thehenryford.org/Collection.aspx?keywords=clara+bryant

United States looked like in the 1890s ………..


http://www.nationalcowboymuseum.org/research/exhibits/cunningham/default.aspxhttp://www.nationalcowboymuseum.org/research/exhibits/cunningham/default.aspx

Transportation in the 1893 Oklahoma Land Run


http://luna.library.okstate.edu:8180/luna/servlet/detail/OSULibraryOCM~7~7~11739~100692:Map-showing-Indian-reservations-withttp://luna.library.okstate.edu:8180/luna/servlet/detail/OSULibraryOCM~7~7~11739~100692:Map-showing-Indian-reservations-wit

In 1894, railroads were increasing across the country. The North still

had the greater number compared to those in the South or

Indian/Oklahoma Territory.


In 1899, at age 36, Henry leaves Edison Illuminatinghttp://luna.library.okstate.edu:8180/luna/servlet/detail/OSULibraryOCM~7~7~11739~100692:Map-showing-Indian-reservations-wit

Company where he has worked for eight years as an

engineer, and creates his first car company. It, along with

a second one, ultimately fail because of disagreements

with investors.

Henry did not want to make a few cars for the wealthy;

he wanted to make good cars that working people

could afford.


http://www.muscularmustangs.com/database/fordlogo1903.jpghttp://luna.library.okstate.edu:8180/luna/servlet/detail/OSULibraryOCM~7~7~11739~100692:Map-showing-Indian-reservations-wit

In June of 1903, Ford Motor Company is

incorporated. Henry is 39 years old.

A ten-man team built the first car

which sold for $750 with an optional

back seat costing $100 more.

One thousand were built that year.


http://corporate.ford.com/our-company/heritage/heritage-news-detail/ford-celebrates-100-years-of-moving-assembly-linehttp://corporate.ford.com/our-company/heritage/heritage-news-detail/ford-celebrates-100-years-of-moving-assembly-line

In 1908, Ford begins building the Model T.

During the 1908-1909 season, Ford sold 10,607

Model Ts, a 5-passenger car for $850.

By 1913, all Model Ts are built on moving

assembly lines.


http://www.mtfca.com/discus/messages/257047/274111.html?1331609440http://www.mtfca.com/discus/messages/257047/274111.html?1331609440

1910 Model T Touring car amidst horse and carriages in Stroud, Oklahoma.


http://www.mtfca.com/discus/messages/257047/274111.html?1331609440http://www.mtfca.com/discus/messages/257047/274111.html?1331609440

1910 Model T Touring


http://distinctlyoklahoma.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/1910_Early_OK_Roads.tif.jpghttp://distinctlyoklahoma.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/1910_Early_OK_Roads.tif.jpg

Early Roads in Oklahoma 1910.


http://www.okladot.state.ok.us/odot100/photos/1910/1910_Suggs-Gilbert.jpghttp://www.okladot.state.ok.us/odot100/photos/1910/1910_Suggs-Gilbert.jpg

Sidney Suggs from Ardmore was the first Oklahoma State Highway

Commissioner in 1911. He is seen in this photo touring the state

promoting better roads.


http://www.okladot.state.ok.us/odot100/photos/1910/1910_1913_Map.jpghttp://www.okladot.state.ok.us/odot100/photos/1910/1910_1913_Map.jpg

1913 Oklahoma Highway Map Proposal

Only five years after Henry Ford begins building Model T


http://corporate.ford.com/our-company/heritage/heritage-news-detail/ford-celebrates-100-years-of-moving-assembly-linehttp://corporate.ford.com/our-company/heritage/heritage-news-detail/ford-celebrates-100-years-of-moving-assembly-line

In 1914 Henry announces plans to share company’s profits with workers, paying them $5.00 for an eight hour work day.


http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/a/au002.htmlhttp://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/a/au002.html

In 1915, Ford Motor Company constructed an assembly plant in

downtown Oklahoma City. This photo shows how plant looked

in 1945.


http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/route66/maps66.htmlhttp://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/a/au002.html

In the 1920s, faced with growing numbers of automobiles ,

federal highway officials began to develop a numbered road system.

Often called the “Mother Road”, Route 66 was a major artery that stretched from

Chicago, Illinois, through Oklahoma to Los Angeles, California.

Running a total of 2,448 miles, this two-lane road was a major route of “Okies”

migrating to California during the Dust Bowl of the 1930s.


http://distinctlyoklahoma.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/1930_Rt.66_DustBowl.tif.jpghttp://distinctlyoklahoma.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/1930_Rt.66_DustBowl.tif.jpg

Automobile during the Dust Bowl


Mass production of Henry Ford’s Model Thttp://distinctlyoklahoma.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/1930_Rt.66_DustBowl.tif.jpg

took the United States from………


.http://distinctlyoklahoma.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/1930_Rt.66_DustBowl.tif.jpg

http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/ok_indian_territory_1884.jpg

1884 Indian Territory

Few Roads - Growing Number of Railroads


http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/images/thnhsjpg.jpghttp://distinctlyoklahoma.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/1930_Rt.66_DustBowl.tif.jpg

Today’s National Highway System


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Henry_Ford_1888.jpghttp://distinctlyoklahoma.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/1930_Rt.66_DustBowl.tif.jpg

http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/running-for-office/index.php?page=7

In 1947 Henry Ford died at age 83. His legacy, however, lives on.

It is seen every day in a plethora of ways, with the automobile

that transformed a nation being but one.


In what ways do Henry Ford’shttp://distinctlyoklahoma.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/1930_Rt.66_DustBowl.tif.jpg

innovative ideas and inventions continue to

affect us today?


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