Roots of exploration around the world
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Roots of Exploration Around the World. Why explore?. The eastern hemisphere was recovering from demographic collapse (the plague) and started to restore order to their societies (political centralization, economic stability, cultural improvements) Really all of Chapter 14 stuff!

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Roots of Exploration Around the World

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Roots of exploration around the world

Roots of Exploration Around the World


Why explore

Why explore?

  • The eastern hemisphere was recovering from demographic collapse (the plague) and started to restore order to their societies (political centralization, economic stability, cultural improvements)

    • Really all of Chapter 14 stuff!

  • Wanted to revive networks of long distance trade

    • Led by Western Europe and China


The ming

The Ming

  • After getting rid of the Mongols they still wanted to be part of the global economy

    • Set up ports where foreigners could trade

      • Guangzhou

    • Also put money into the navy (originally built by the Song)


Ming treasure voyages

Ming Treasure Voyages

  • For 30 years the Ming sponsored 7 naval expeditions to establish a Chinese presence in the Indian Ocean basin.

    • Impose imperial control over foreign trade with China

    • Impress foreign people

    • Extend the tributary system (maybe)


Roots of exploration around the world

  • 1405-1433

    • Led by a Muslim (but still Chinese) eunuch named Zheng He

    • Had a TON of ships (317)/troops(over 28,000) at his disposal

    • Gave and received gifts to local leaders

      • Tried to use diplomacy but used force when necessary (pirates, unresponsive local leaders)

    • Successful in est. a Chinese presence in the I.O.B.


End of the treasure voyages

End of the Treasure Voyages

  • Stop in the mid 1430’s

    • Confucian ministers argue that the $ spent would be better used on agriculture

    • 1420’s and 1430’s the Mongols were causing trouble again in the northwest so land forces needed more money.


The portuguese

The Portuguese

  • Exploration begins with Portugal because:

    • Had a history of fishing in the Atlantic

      • Reason they are early leaders in finding a sea route to Asia

  • Henry the Navigator

    • Wanted to spread Christianity and Portuguese influence

    • Put LOTS of resources into exploration and technological developments


Roots of exploration around the world

  • Started in West Africa and moved into the Indian Ocean

    • Would dominate that trade for most of the 1500’s

    • Kicks off European imperialism in Asia


Oceania

Oceania

  • Over several thousand years, Polynesians spread thousands of miles with relatively primitive technology

    • Planned expansion – not just luck!

    • Used catamaran-like canoes with sails

  • Other Polynesians head west & eventually colonized Madagascar


Other european sea powers

Other European Sea Powers

  • The English

    • Really take off in the 17th century

      • Obviously North America but also the Pacific(check out chapter 17 for more info!)


King of the seas debate

King of the Seas Debate

  • Props are encouraged (might result in points before the debate begins).

  • Codega will score the debate. Every valid point is worth 1 mark (positive for you or negative for other place). For every point that is countered an additional mark will be awarded. At the end, Codega will tally the marks and name a victorious group. This team will receive:

    • Their lowest quiz grade will turn to a 100

    • 10 bonus points to be used on a future quiz

  • Any profanity/excessive complaining will result in an AUTOMATIC 0 and lunch detention until X-Mas!


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