OPERANT CONDITIONING Part II BY : ESTEFANIA SEYFFERT PD.2. Ivan Pavlov, Legacy in Conditioning . Pavlov dedicated many of his studies to conditioning, it was a phenomenon that captured his attention and triggered his experiments.
BY: ESTEFANIA SEYFFERT PD.2
Classical conditioning and operant conditioning go hand in hand, both involve:
However, classical conditioninginvolves more of a respondent behavior ..
Ex: salivating when hungry
Ex: behavior strengthened if followed by reinforcement or behavior diminished if followed by a punisher.
First and foremost, the successive approximations- rewarding responses that almost reach the final goal.
Ex: when a baby is being potty trained and are rewarded if they warn that they need to go, later when they make an attempt to sit in the bathroom, and finally when they are potty trained.
The above is how behavior in humans is shaped.
The words above demonstrate the pattern seen in a shaping situation such as one like the following:
Ex: fire alarms and school bells.
Ex: not using the same chess strategy when you realize you do not win when you use it.
(THE SCIENCE OF MIND AND BEHAVIOR) SECOND EDITION. PRINT.