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Health Care & Technology. Dynamics of Care in Society. OBJECTIVES. IDENTIFY THE VARIOUS METHODS OF TECHNOLOGY USED IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES COMPARE & CONTRAST THE POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF BIOMEDICAL TECHNOLOGY ON SOCIETY AND ON THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM

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Health Care & Technology

Dynamics of Care in Society


Objectives
OBJECTIVES

  • IDENTIFY THE VARIOUS METHODS OF TECHNOLOGY USED IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES

  • COMPARE & CONTRAST THE POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF BIOMEDICAL TECHNOLOGY ON SOCIETY AND ON THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM

  • DIFFERENTIATE AMONG SOME OF THE KEY TECHNICAL, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL, MORAL & POLITICAL ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH BIOTECHNOLOGIES


What is Medical Technology?

  • The practical application (everyday use) of the scientific knowledge produced by biomedical research

CONSIDERATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY IN HEALTH CARE

  • COST

  • SAFETY

  • BENEFITS VS. BURDENS

  • AVAILABILITY & ACCESS


Benefits
BENEFITS

  • prevent or delay the onset of serious disease

  • provide a better diagnosis

  • make faster and more complete cures possible

  • increase safety of medical treatment

  • minimize undesirable side effects

  • promote faster recoveries from surgery

  • increase life expectancy

  • improve quality of life


Burdens
BURDENS

  • new technology usually increases both labor and capital costs

    • side-effects or harm from the use of technology

    • emphasis on specialty care over primary care & preventive services

  • critically ill patients are put on life support with limited decision-making abilities and little hope of full recovery

    • the confidentiality of patient information


Medical technology includes
Medical technology includes:

  • Sophisticated machines PET scanners, implantable defibrillators

  • High tech procedures angioplasty, joint replacements

  • Pharmaceuticals & Biologics (a medicinal preparation made from living organisms and their products) serums, vaccines, antibiotics…


  • Disease management: advances

    • Diabetes (insulin pumps)

    • Heart Disease (procedures such as coronary artery bypass graft)

    • End-Stage Renal Disease (Kidney Transplants)

    • HIV-AIDS (new medications)


  • TYPES OF TECHNOLOGY IN HEALTH CARE


    1 informational technology
    1. INFORMATIONAL TECHNOLOGY

    • Managing patient care management

    • Quality improvement

    • Cost containment

    Think about how the internet has allowed patients to be more active participants in their own health care!


    HEALTH IT

    1. Accurate and complete information about a patient's health.2. The ability to better coordinate the care they give.3. A way to securely share information with patients and their family. 4. Information to help doctors diagnose health problems sooner, reduce medical errors, and provide safer care at lower costs.




    2 diagnostic monitoring technology
    2. DIAGNOSTIC & MONITORING TECHNOLOGY distance, Electronic medical records…

    • To identify or diagnose illness or injury

    • To monitor or measure progress

    • To assist in treatment planning


    EKG distance, Electronic medical records…


    X-RAY distance, Electronic medical records…

    • X-RAYaka (radiograph) is a noninvasive medical test that helps physicians diagnose and treat medical conditions.


    CT Scan


    MRI vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams

    MRI


    Fetal profile 1st trimester vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams

    Ultrasound

    • Ultrasound imaging, aka sonography, involves exposing part of the body to high-frequency sound waves to produce pictures of the inside of the body.


    3 life support technology
    3. LIFE SUPPORT TECHNOLOGY vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams

    • Used to maintain a patient's bodily function

    Oxygen


    Ventilator vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams


    Heart-Lung Machine vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams

    Dialysis


    Heart-Lung Machine vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams


    Feeding Tube vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams


    4 genetic technology
    4. GENETIC TECHNOLOGY vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams

    • Uses the power of the genetic code to treat human disease


    Gene therapy vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams

    Gene therapy


    Stem cells vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams


    Cloning vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams


    5 therapeutic technology
    5. THERAPEUTIC TECHNOLOGY vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams

    • Uses technological procedures & equipment for disease treatment and rehabilitation


    Robotic surgery vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray examsis a technique in which a surgeon performs surgery using a computer that remotely controls very small instruments attached to a robot.


    Insulin pump vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams


    Prosthetics vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams


    Pharmaceuticals vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams


    Surgical Tools & Settings vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams

    Telesurgery: surgical care from a distance


    Anesthesia vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams

    Epidural

    General


    Radiation Therapy vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams


    To View: vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams

    Greatest Discoveries with Bill Nye-Medicine (Video folder)

    High tech medical dummies - Videos - CBS News2012 6:39

    http://www.cbsnews.com/news/growing-body-parts-21-07-2010/

    12:00

    The Year in Medicine 2013: News That Made a Difference

    10 medical advances in the last 10 years - CNN.com

    2013


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