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Health Care & Technology. Dynamics of Care in Society. OBJECTIVES. IDENTIFY THE VARIOUS METHODS OF TECHNOLOGY USED IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES COMPARE & CONTRAST THE POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF BIOMEDICAL TECHNOLOGY ON SOCIETY AND ON THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Health Care & Technology

Dynamics of Care in Society

objectives
OBJECTIVES
  • IDENTIFY THE VARIOUS METHODS OF TECHNOLOGY USED IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES
  • COMPARE & CONTRAST THE POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF BIOMEDICAL TECHNOLOGY ON SOCIETY AND ON THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
  • DIFFERENTIATE AMONG SOME OF THE KEY TECHNICAL, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL, MORAL & POLITICAL ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH BIOTECHNOLOGIES
slide4

What is Medical Technology?

  • The practical application (everyday use) of the scientific knowledge produced by biomedical research

CONSIDERATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY IN HEALTH CARE

  • COST
  • SAFETY
  • BENEFITS VS. BURDENS
  • AVAILABILITY & ACCESS
benefits
BENEFITS
  • prevent or delay the onset of serious disease
  • provide a better diagnosis
  • make faster and more complete cures possible
  • increase safety of medical treatment
  • minimize undesirable side effects
  • promote faster recoveries from surgery
  • increase life expectancy
  • improve quality of life
burdens
BURDENS
  • new technology usually increases both labor and capital costs
    • side-effects or harm from the use of technology
    • emphasis on specialty care over primary care & preventive services
  • critically ill patients are put on life support with limited decision-making abilities and little hope of full recovery
    • the confidentiality of patient information
medical technology includes
Medical technology includes:
  • Sophisticated machines PET scanners, implantable defibrillators
  • High tech procedures angioplasty, joint replacements
  • Pharmaceuticals & Biologics (a medicinal preparation made from living organisms and their products) serums, vaccines, antibiotics…
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Genetic and molecular advances

    • IT (Informational Technology) medical records
    • internet
    • telemedicine
  • Disease management: advances
    • Diabetes (insulin pumps)
    • Heart Disease (procedures such as coronary artery bypass graft)
    • End-Stage Renal Disease (Kidney Transplants)
    • HIV-AIDS (new medications)
1 informational technology
1. INFORMATIONAL TECHNOLOGY
  • Managing patient care management
  • Quality improvement
  • Cost containment

Think about how the internet has allowed patients to be more active participants in their own health care!

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HEALTH IT

1. Accurate and complete information about a patient\'s health.2. The ability to better coordinate the care they give.3. A way to securely share information with patients and their family. 4. Information to help doctors diagnose health problems sooner, reduce medical errors, and provide safer care at lower costs.

slide12

Ex: Telemedicine - consultation among physicians at a distance, Electronic medical records…Informational Access through:

  • Types of Computers
  • Desktop
  • Laptop
  • Tablet
  • Personal digital assistant (PDA)
  • Smart phone
2 diagnostic monitoring technology
2. DIAGNOSTIC & MONITORING TECHNOLOGY
  • To identify or diagnose illness or injury
  • To monitor or measure progress
  • To assist in treatment planning
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X-RAY

  • X-RAYaka (radiograph) is a noninvasive medical test that helps physicians diagnose and treat medical conditions.
slide17

CT scans of internal organs, bones, soft tissue and blood vessels provide greater clarity and reveal more details than regular x-ray exams. CT scans use x-ray & sophisticated computers to produce multiple images of the inside of the body.

CT Scan

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MRI

MRI

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Fetal profile 1st trimester

Ultrasound

  • Ultrasound imaging, aka sonography, involves exposing part of the body to high-frequency sound waves to produce pictures of the inside of the body.
3 life support technology
3. LIFE SUPPORT TECHNOLOGY
  • Used to maintain a patient\'s bodily function

Oxygen

4 genetic technology
4. GENETIC TECHNOLOGY
  • Uses the power of the genetic code to treat human disease
slide26

Gene therapy

Gene therapy

5 therapeutic technology
5. THERAPEUTIC TECHNOLOGY
  • Uses technological procedures & equipment for disease treatment and rehabilitation
slide30

Robotic surgery is a technique in which a surgeon performs surgery using a computer that remotely controls very small instruments attached to a robot.

slide34

Surgical Tools & Settings

Telesurgery: surgical care from a distance

slide35

Anesthesia

Epidural

General

slide37

To View:

Greatest Discoveries with Bill Nye-Medicine (Video folder)

High tech medical dummies - Videos - CBS News2012 6:39

http://www.cbsnews.com/news/growing-body-parts-21-07-2010/

12:00

The Year in Medicine 2013: News That Made a Difference

10 medical advances in the last 10 years - CNN.com

2013

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