Differential Equations: Growth & Decay (6.2). March 16th, 2012. I. Differential Equations. To solve a differential equation in terms of x and y, separate the variables. Ex. 1 : Solve the differential equation. a. b. II. Growth & Decay Models. In applications, it is often true that.
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To solve a differential equation in terms of x and y, separate the variables.
Ex. 1: Solve the differential equation.
In applications, it is often true that
the rate of
change of y
Thm. 6.1: Exponential Growth & Decay Model: If y is a differentiable function of t such that y>0 and y’=ky, for some constant k, then y=Cekt.
C is the initial value of y, and k is the proportionality constant. Exponential growth occurs when k>0, and exponential decay occurs when k<0.
Ex. 2: Write and solve the differential equation that models the statement, “The rate of change of N is proportional to N. When t=0, N=250 and when t=1, N=400.” What is the value of N when t=4?
*Recall that for radioactive decay applications, a half-life of 20 years will allow you to find the decay model y=Cekt with the equation 1/2=e20k.
*Also, for compound interest applications, the models for growth are
when interest is
and when compounded n
times per year.
P=principal amount, r=rate, t=time (in years)