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Surah 1. Al-Fatihah (The Opening). سورة الفاتحة. The Qur’ān Divine interpretation of the Book of Existence. Al-Fatihah (The Opening) It is called Sūrat al-Fātihah because it is the opening chapter of the Qur’ān. 2. Definitions. QUR’AN ( (قرآن‬ - Continuous reading

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Surah 1

  • Al-Fatihah (The Opening)

سورة الفاتحة

The Qur’ān

Divine interpretation of the Book of Existence.

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Al-Fatihah

          • (The Opening)
  • It is called Sūrat al-Fātihah
  • because it is the opening chapter of the Qur’ān.

2

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Definitions

QUR’AN ( (قرآن‬- Continuous reading

(al-)Qur’ān:The Qur’ān; the last Book of God which He revealed to the Prophet Muhammad,upon him be peace and blessings, as His last and universal Message to conscious, responsible beings

(as-)Suhuf(pl. of as-Sahīfah): Scrolls given to some Messengers

(as- )Sunnah: The way of God’s Messenger,upon him be peace and blessings.

SURAH(سورة)

(as-)Sūrah:An independent chapter of the Qur’ān

ayah singular ayat plural

Definitions

AYAH (singular) - AYAT (plural)

Definition of Ayah

(al-)‘Āyah: A manifest sign; miracle; lesson to be taken from an event; each of the Qur’ān’s independent sentences between two points (verses)

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Definitions

Āyātun bayyināt:The signs or messages which are clear in meaning and content (as evidence of the truth)

(al-)Āyat al-Kursīyy:The verse of the Divine Seat of Dominion. It is verse 255 of Sūrat al-Baqarah, which makes God known through some of His Names and Attributes.

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Definitions

(al-)Basmalah:

The phrase, Bismi’llāhir-Rahmāni’r-Rahīm, meaning in (and with) the Name of God, the All-Merciful, the All-Compassionate

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Definitions

(al-)Fard:Any obligatory religious act

(al-)Farā’id:Plural of al-fard. It is also used to mean the science of sharing inheritance.

Fard ‘Ayn:Any act which is obligatory on every Muslim who is mature, healthy, and sane

Fard Kifayah:A collective duty of the Muslim community, so that if some people carry it out, no Muslim is considered blameworthy, but if no one carries it out, all incur a collective guilt.

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Definitions

(al-)Hadīth:Communication, narration, word or saying. As a term, it denotes the record of whatever the Prophet (upon him be peace and blessings) said, did, or tacitly approved. According to some scholars, the word hadīth also covers reports about the sayings and deeds, etc., of the Companions of the Prophet, in addition to those of the Prophet himself. The whole body of Traditions is termed Hadīth, and the science which deals with it is called ‘Ilm al-Hadīth.

Hadīth qudsī:A saying of God narrated by His Messenger but not included in the Qur’ān

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Definitions

(al-)Mu’min:The Believer. A person who has faith in whatever must be believed in and is a righteous and obedient servant of His

(al-)Munāfiq:One who is a believer outwardly or professes faith, while one is an unbeliever inwardly and in reality

(al-)Mushrik:A polytheist: a person who commits Shirk (see Shirk) – who associates partners with God in His Divinity, Lordship, and Sovereignty, or in any of these

(al-)Muslim:One who believes in whatever is to be believed in and practices Islam in his daily life in submission to God; (law) one who professes faith and, as a citizen of a Muslim st ate, joins a Muslim congregation in the Prayer and pays the Zakāh

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Definitions

(as-)Sirāt al-Mustaqīm:The only Straight Path to God, which the Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings. demonstrated to humankind and the jinn, and was manifested by way of the Qur’an and Sunnah.

(as-)Sab‘u’l-Mathānī (Sab‘an mina’l-Mathānī):Another name for Sūrat al-Fātihah, meaning the Seven Doubly-Repeated Verses

(ar-)Rabb:Lord, Master; the Lord It has three sets of related meanings:

  • Upbringer, Trainer, Sustainer, Nourisher;
  • Lord and Master;
  • He Who directs and controls.

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1 بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمانِ الرَّحِيمِIN THENAME OF GOD, THEALL-MERCIFUL,THE ALL-COMPASSIONATE

2الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينAll praise and gratitude are for God, the Lord of the worlds,

3الرَّحْمـانِ الرَّحِيمِThe All-Merciful, the All-Compassionate,

4مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِThe Master of the Day of Judgment.

5إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ You alone do We worship, and from You alone do we seek help.

6اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَGuide us to the straight path.

7 صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَThe Path of those whom You have favored, not of those who have incurred (Your) wrath (punishment and condemnation), nor of those who are astray.

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QURAN

Surat al Fatiha summaries the whole Qur’an

SURAT AL FATIHA

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SALAT summaries all type worships of creation

SHADAH (The Testimony of Faith)We read in Salat.SAVM (FASTING)We do not eat, drink, talk…HAJJ (The Pilgrimage to Makkah)We face to Qibla (Kaba in Makkah)Zakat (Almsgiving)We devote our time to gain pleasure of Allah

SALAT

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Ruku (Bowing) : Represents prayers of camels, sheep, cows (4 legged animals) and angels who worship in bowing.

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Sajdah (Prostration ) : Represents prayers of ants, butterflies, reptiles and angels who worship in prostration all time.

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UNIVERSE

QURAN

SALAT BRINGS ALL THE MINIATURES TOGETHER

WORSHIP of ALL CREATION

SURAT AL FATIHA

HUMAN

SALAT

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The Greatest Surah in the Qur’an

The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) said,

“I will teach you a Surah which is the greatest Surah in the Qur\'an…”

He said, “Al-Hamdu-Lillah Rabbi-l-Alamin

which is Al-Sab\'a Al-Mathani (seven repeatedly recited Verses) and the Grand Qur\'an which has been given to me.”  

[Sahih Bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #1]

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Revealed by a Special Angel

Narrated IbnAbbaas (radiyAllahu anhu):

“While the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu alayhiwasallam) was sitting with Jibreel(alayhi assalam), he heard a creaking sound above him. Jibreellooked up and said,

“This is the sound of a gate that has been opened in heaven today and has never been previously opened.”

Then an Angel descended through it and came to the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhiwasallam) and said,

  • “Rejoice in the good news of two lights that have been given to you such as no prophet before you has been given.
  • [They are] Surah al-Fatihahand the concluding [two] Ayat of Surah al-Baqarah. You will never recite a word from them without being given the blessings they contain."

[An-Nisaee and al-Haakim]

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Unique Virtues

Opening Surah in the Qur’an

  • Beginning of book
  • Commanded to recite 17 times a day

Every Surah in Qur’an is related to Surah al-Fatihah

  • This Surah explains the whole Qur’an
    • Everything in our life is related to this Surah
    • We live with this Surah in our daily life
    • Understand it, live with it, and feel it
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Key to every Surah, Key to the whole Qur’an

With its marvelously brief and comprehensive words, it balances praise and petition perfectly, and it establishes four main themes or purposes of the Qur’ānic guidance.

  • (1) Existence and Unity of God,
  • (2) Prophethood,
  • (3) the Resurrection and afterlife, and
  • (4) Worship and justice.
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Hadith Qudsi

Allah SWT says, “I have divided the prayer (Al-Fatihah) between Myself and my slave equally and My slave shall be granted what he asked for.”

  • [Sahih Muslim]
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Therefore when the slave says,

‘All praises and thanks are due to Allah, the Lord of the universe’,

Allah says,

‘My slave has praised Me.’

When he says, ‘the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful,’

Allah says,

‘My slave has glorified Me.’

When he says, ‘Master of

the Day of Judgment,’

Allah says, ‘My slave

has related all matters to Me.’

When he says,

‘You alone we worship and

You alone we seek for help,’

Allah says, ‘This is between Me

and My slave and My slave shall have what he requested.’

When he says, ‘Guide us to the straight path, the path of those whom You have favored, not of those who earned Your anger, nor of those who have gone astray’

Allah says, ‘This is for

My slave and My slave

shall have what he asked for.’

61 a h 101 a h

Omar ibn Abdul Aziz

(61 A.H. – 101 A.H.)
  • 5th Khilafah (99 A.H. - 101 A.H.)
  • Great grandson of Omar ibn Al-Khattab
  • Recited Surah al-Fatihah with long pauses
    • Waiting for Allah to answer him
    • Enjoying the response of Allah SWT
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Names of Surah al-Fatihah

Um Al-Qur’an

Mother of the Qur’an

Saba’ulMathanee

7 repeated verses

Al-Qur’an Al-Atheem

The Glorious Qur’an

Al-Hamd

The Praise

As-Salah

The Prayer

Um Al-Kitab

Mother of the Book

Al-Ruqyah

The Remedy

Al-Waffiyah

The Complete One

Ash-Shifa

The Cure

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11 points

to remember from Surah al-Fatihah

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1. Reminder of Allah’s Favors & Bounties

الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

Al Hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Aalameen

All praise and gratitude are for God, the Lord of the worlds.

It should be noted that all praise and thanks are due to God alone, and are His alone. Wherever beauty, excellence and perfection occur, the ultimate source is God. No created beings, whether angels or humans, heavenly or earthly objects, have anything other than a dependent excellence, beauty or perfection.

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الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

Al Hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Aalameen

All praise and gratitude are for God, the Lord of the worlds.

“Worlds” translates the Arabic ‘ālamīn (singular, ‘ālam). The word comes from ‘alam, ‘alāmah, meaning something by which another thing is known. Thus, in this perspective, every individual thing or set of things, from the tiniest sub-atomic particles to the largest nebulae and galaxies, is a “world” and indicates God.

The plural form (‘ālamīn) is particularly used for conscious beings, giving the sense that everything that is created is as if conscious, and signifying that its pointing to God’s Existence, Unity and Lordship is extremely clear for conscious beings.

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2. Reminder of the Names

and Attributes of Allah

الرَّحْمـانِ

Ar-Rahman

The All-Merciful

الرَّحِيمِ

Ar-Rahim

the All-Compassionate

مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ

Maaliki yawm mid-deen

The Master of the Day of Judgment.

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3. Reminder of the main connection between us and Allah (SWT)

الرَّحْمـانِ الرَّحِيمِAr-RahmanAr-RahimMost Gracious Most Merciful

Mercy

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4. Reminder that sincerity is only to Allah

إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ

Iyyakana’buduwaiyyakana’stayeen

You alone we worship & You alone we seek for help

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5. Reminder of the unity of the Ummah

إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُIyyaka na budu wa iyyaka na’stayeenYou alone we worship andYou alone we seek for help

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6. Reminder to keep good company

اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ

Ihdinasiratalmustaqim

Guide us on the straight path

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7. Warning against bad company

اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ

Ihdinasiratalmustaqim

Guide us on the straight path

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8. Istiqama - Reminder to stay

on the straight path

اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَIhdinasiratalmustaqimGuide us on the straight path

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9. Reminder of the Hereafter: As-Sirat

صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْSiratallatheena an ‘amtaalayhimThe path of those who earned your favor

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10. Reminder of the importance of du’aa

إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ

You alone we worship, and You alone we ask for help.

اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ

Guide us to the straight path.

صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ غَيرِ

المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ

The path of those on whom You have bestowed your grace,

not the path of those who earned your anger,

nor of those that went astray.

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11. Reminder on how to address Allah

1) In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

2) All the praises and thanks are for Allah the Lord of the Universe. 3) The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful. 4) Master of the Day of Recompense.

Praise

5) You alone we worship, and You alone we ask for help. 6) Guide us to the straight path. 7) The path of those on whom You have bestowed your grace, not the path of those who earned your anger, nor of those that went astray.

Du’aa

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