Surah 1
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 42

سورة الفاتحة PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 122 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Surah 1. Al-Fatihah (The Opening). سورة الفاتحة. The Qur’ān Divine interpretation of the Book of Existence. Al-Fatihah (The Opening) It is called Sūrat al-Fātihah because it is the opening chapter of the Qur’ān. 2. Definitions. QUR’AN ( (قرآن‬ - Continuous reading

Download Presentation

سورة الفاتحة

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


3938164

Surah 1

  • Al-Fatihah (The Opening)

سورة الفاتحة

The Qur’ān

Divine interpretation of the Book of Existence.


3938164

  • Al-Fatihah

  • (The Opening)

  • It is called Sūrat al-Fātihah

  • because it is the opening chapter of the Qur’ān.

  • 2


    3938164

    Definitions

    QUR’AN ( (قرآن‬- Continuous reading

    (al-)Qur’ān:The Qur’ān; the last Book of God which He revealed to the Prophet Muhammad,upon him be peace and blessings, as His last and universal Message to conscious, responsible beings

    (as-)Suhuf(pl. of as-Sahīfah): Scrolls given to some Messengers

    (as- )Sunnah: The way of God’s Messenger,upon him be peace and blessings.

    SURAH(سورة)

    (as-)Sūrah:An independent chapter of the Qur’ān


    Ayah singular ayat plural

    Definitions

    AYAH (singular) - AYAT (plural)

    Definition of Ayah

    (al-)‘Āyah: A manifest sign; miracle; lesson to be taken from an event; each of the Qur’ān’s independent sentences between two points (verses)


    3938164

    Definitions

    Āyātun bayyināt:The signs or messages which are clear in meaning and content (as evidence of the truth)

    (al-)Āyat al-Kursīyy:The verse of the Divine Seat of Dominion. It is verse 255 of Sūrat al-Baqarah, which makes God known through some of His Names and Attributes.

    5


    3938164

    Definitions

    (al-)Basmalah:

    The phrase, Bismi’llāhir-Rahmāni’r-Rahīm, meaning in (and with) the Name of God, the All-Merciful, the All-Compassionate

    6


    3938164

    Definitions

    (al-)Fard:Any obligatory religious act

    (al-)Farā’id:Plural of al-fard. It is also used to mean the science of sharing inheritance.

    Fard ‘Ayn:Any act which is obligatory on every Muslim who is mature, healthy, and sane

    Fard Kifayah:A collective duty of the Muslim community, so that if some people carry it out, no Muslim is considered blameworthy, but if no one carries it out, all incur a collective guilt.

    7


    3938164

    Definitions

    (al-)Hadīth:Communication, narration, word or saying. As a term, it denotes the record of whatever the Prophet (upon him be peace and blessings) said, did, or tacitly approved. According to some scholars, the word hadīth also covers reports about the sayings and deeds, etc., of the Companions of the Prophet, in addition to those of the Prophet himself. The whole body of Traditions is termed Hadīth, and the science which deals with it is called ‘Ilm al-Hadīth.

    Hadīth qudsī:A saying of God narrated by His Messenger but not included in the Qur’ān

    8


    3938164

    Definitions

    (al-)Mu’min:The Believer. A person who has faith in whatever must be believed in and is a righteous and obedient servant of His

    (al-)Munāfiq:One who is a believer outwardly or professes faith, while one is an unbeliever inwardly and in reality

    (al-)Mushrik:A polytheist: a person who commits Shirk (see Shirk) – who associates partners with God in His Divinity, Lordship, and Sovereignty, or in any of these

    (al-)Muslim:One who believes in whatever is to be believed in and practices Islam in his daily life in submission to God; (law) one who professes faith and, as a citizen of a Muslim st ate, joins a Muslim congregation in the Prayer and pays the Zakāh

    9


    3938164

    Definitions

    (as-)Sirāt al-Mustaqīm:The only Straight Path to God, which the Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings. demonstrated to humankind and the jinn, and was manifested by way of the Qur’an and Sunnah.

    (as-)Sab‘u’l-Mathānī (Sab‘an mina’l-Mathānī):Another name for Sūrat al-Fātihah, meaning the Seven Doubly-Repeated Verses

    (ar-)Rabb:Lord, Master; the Lord It has three sets of related meanings:

    • Upbringer, Trainer, Sustainer, Nourisher;

    • Lord and Master;

    • He Who directs and controls.

    10


    3938164

    1 بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمانِ الرَّحِيمِIN THENAME OF GOD, THEALL-MERCIFUL,THE ALL-COMPASSIONATE

    2الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينAll praise and gratitude are for God, the Lord of the worlds,

    3الرَّحْمـانِ الرَّحِيمِThe All-Merciful, the All-Compassionate,

    4مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِThe Master of the Day of Judgment.

    5إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ You alone do We worship, and from You alone do we seek help.

    6اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَGuide us to the straight path.

    7 صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَThe Path of those whom You have favored, not of those who have incurred (Your) wrath (punishment and condemnation), nor of those who are astray.


    3938164

    QURAN

    Surat al Fatiha summaries the whole Qur’an

    SURAT AL FATIHA


    3938164

    SALAT summaries all type worships of creation

    SHADAH (The Testimony of Faith)We read in Salat.SAVM (FASTING)We do not eat, drink, talk…HAJJ (The Pilgrimage to Makkah)We face to Qibla (Kaba in Makkah)Zakat (Almsgiving)We devote our time to gain pleasure of Allah

    SALAT


    3938164

    Kiyam (Standing) : Represents prayers of trees, mountains, and angels who worship in standing.


    3938164

    Ruku (Bowing) : Represents prayers of camels, sheep, cows (4 legged animals) and angels who worship in bowing.


    3938164

    Sajdah (Prostration ) : Represents prayers of ants, butterflies, reptiles and angels who worship in prostration all time.


    3938164

    UNIVERSE

    QURAN

    SALAT BRINGS ALL THE MINIATURES TOGETHER

    WORSHIP of ALL CREATION

    SURAT AL FATIHA

    HUMAN

    SALAT


    3938164

    The Greatest Surah in the Qur’an

    The Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) said,

    “I will teach you a Surah which is the greatest Surah in the Qur'an…”

    He said, “Al-Hamdu-Lillah Rabbi-l-Alamin

    which is Al-Sab'a Al-Mathani (seven repeatedly recited Verses) and the Grand Qur'an which has been given to me.”  

    [Sahih Bukhari, Book #60, Hadith #1]


    3938164

    Revealed by a Special Angel

    Narrated IbnAbbaas (radiyAllahu anhu):

    “While the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu alayhiwasallam) was sitting with Jibreel(alayhi assalam), he heard a creaking sound above him. Jibreellooked up and said,

    “This is the sound of a gate that has been opened in heaven today and has never been previously opened.”

    Then an Angel descended through it and came to the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhiwasallam) and said,

    • “Rejoice in the good news of two lights that have been given to you such as no prophet before you has been given.

    • [They are] Surah al-Fatihahand the concluding [two] Ayat of Surah al-Baqarah. You will never recite a word from them without being given the blessings they contain."

      [An-Nisaee and al-Haakim]


    3938164

    Unique Virtues

    Opening Surah in the Qur’an

    • Beginning of book

    • Commanded to recite 17 times a day

      Every Surah in Qur’an is related to Surah al-Fatihah

    • This Surah explains the whole Qur’an

      • Everything in our life is related to this Surah

      • We live with this Surah in our daily life

      • Understand it, live with it, and feel it


    3938164

    Key to every Surah, Key to the whole Qur’an

    With its marvelously brief and comprehensive words, it balances praise and petition perfectly, and it establishes four main themes or purposes of the Qur’ānic guidance.

    • (1) Existence and Unity of God,

    • (2) Prophethood,

    • (3) the Resurrection and afterlife, and

    • (4) Worship and justice.


    3938164

    Hadith Qudsi

    Allah SWT says, “I have divided the prayer (Al-Fatihah) between Myself and my slave equally and My slave shall be granted what he asked for.”

    • [Sahih Muslim]


    3938164

    Therefore when the slave says,

    ‘All praises and thanks are due to Allah, the Lord of the universe’,

    Allah says,

    ‘My slave has praised Me.’

    When he says, ‘the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful,’

    Allah says,

    ‘My slave has glorified Me.’

    When he says, ‘Master of

    the Day of Judgment,’

    Allah says, ‘My slave

    has related all matters to Me.’

    When he says,

    ‘You alone we worship and

    You alone we seek for help,’

    Allah says, ‘This is between Me

    and My slave and My slave shall have what he requested.’

    When he says, ‘Guide us to the straight path, the path of those whom You have favored, not of those who earned Your anger, nor of those who have gone astray’

    Allah says, ‘This is for

    My slave and My slave

    shall have what he asked for.’


    61 a h 101 a h

    Omar ibn Abdul Aziz

    (61 A.H. – 101 A.H.)

    • 5th Khilafah (99 A.H. - 101 A.H.)

    • Great grandson of Omar ibn Al-Khattab

    • Recited Surah al-Fatihah with long pauses

      • Waiting for Allah to answer him

      • Enjoying the response of Allah SWT


    3938164

    Names of Surah al-Fatihah

    Um Al-Qur’an

    Mother of the Qur’an

    Saba’ulMathanee

    7 repeated verses

    Al-Qur’an Al-Atheem

    The Glorious Qur’an

    Al-Hamd

    The Praise

    As-Salah

    The Prayer

    Um Al-Kitab

    Mother of the Book

    Al-Ruqyah

    The Remedy

    Al-Waffiyah

    The Complete One

    Ash-Shifa

    The Cure


    3938164

    11 points

    to remember from Surah al-Fatihah


    3938164

    1. Reminder of Allah’s Favors & Bounties

    الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

    Al Hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Aalameen

    All praise and gratitude are for God, the Lord of the worlds.

    It should be noted that all praise and thanks are due to God alone, and are His alone. Wherever beauty, excellence and perfection occur, the ultimate source is God. No created beings, whether angels or humans, heavenly or earthly objects, have anything other than a dependent excellence, beauty or perfection.


    3938164

    الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

    Al Hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Aalameen

    All praise and gratitude are for God, the Lord of the worlds.

    “Worlds” translates the Arabic ‘ālamīn (singular, ‘ālam). The word comes from ‘alam, ‘alāmah, meaning something by which another thing is known. Thus, in this perspective, every individual thing or set of things, from the tiniest sub-atomic particles to the largest nebulae and galaxies, is a “world” and indicates God.

    The plural form (‘ālamīn) is particularly used for conscious beings, giving the sense that everything that is created is as if conscious, and signifying that its pointing to God’s Existence, Unity and Lordship is extremely clear for conscious beings.

    30


    3938164

    2. Reminder of the Names

    and Attributes of Allah

    الرَّحْمـانِ

    Ar-Rahman

    The All-Merciful

    الرَّحِيمِ

    Ar-Rahim

    the All-Compassionate

    مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ

    Maaliki yawm mid-deen

    The Master of the Day of Judgment.

    31


    3938164

    3. Reminder of the main connection between us and Allah (SWT)

    الرَّحْمـانِ الرَّحِيمِAr-RahmanAr-RahimMost Gracious Most Merciful

    Mercy


    3938164

    4. Reminder that sincerity is only to Allah

    إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ

    Iyyakana’buduwaiyyakana’stayeen

    You alone we worship & You alone we seek for help


    3938164

    5. Reminder of the unity of the Ummah

    إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُIyyaka na budu wa iyyaka na’stayeenYou alone we worship andYou alone we seek for help


    3938164

    6. Reminder to keep good company

    اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ

    Ihdinasiratalmustaqim

    Guide us on the straight path


    3938164

    7. Warning against bad company

    اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ

    Ihdinasiratalmustaqim

    Guide us on the straight path


    3938164

    8. Istiqama - Reminder to stay

    on the straight path

    اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَIhdinasiratalmustaqimGuide us on the straight path


    3938164

    9. Reminder of the Hereafter: As-Sirat

    صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْSiratallatheena an ‘amtaalayhimThe path of those who earned your favor


    3938164

    10. Reminder of the importance of du’aa

    إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ

    You alone we worship, and You alone we ask for help.

    اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ

    Guide us to the straight path.

    صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ غَيرِ

    المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ

    The path of those on whom You have bestowed your grace,

    not the path of those who earned your anger,

    nor of those that went astray.


    3938164

    11. Reminder on how to address Allah

    1) In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

    2) All the praises and thanks are for Allah the Lord of the Universe. 3) The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful. 4) Master of the Day of Recompense.

    Praise

    5) You alone we worship, and You alone we ask for help. 6) Guide us to the straight path. 7) The path of those on whom You have bestowed your grace, not the path of those who earned your anger, nor of those that went astray.

    Du’aa


    Ameen

    آمينAmeen


  • Login