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NASA APPLIED SCIENCES PROGRAM. Examples of NASA’s Water Resources Capacity Building Initiatives Ted Engman. Extending the societal and economic benefits of Earth science research, information, and technology …. SERVIR:

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Examples of NASA’s Water Resources Capacity Building Initiatives Ted Engman

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Examples of nasa s water resources capacity building initiatives ted engman

NASA APPLIED SCIENCES PROGRAM

Examples of NASA’s Water Resources Capacity Building Initiatives

Ted Engman

Extending the societal and economic benefits of Earth science research, information, and technology …


Examples of nasa s water resources capacity building initiatives ted engman

SERVIR:

The Mesoamerican Regional Visualization and Monitoring System for Environmental Management and Disaster Support


Examples of nasa s water resources capacity building initiatives ted engman

SERVIR Framework

Land Cover/

Land Use

Change

Fires

NASA Test Bed

Short Term

Weather

Prediction

Coastal Studies/

Coral Reefs

SERVIR REGIONAL

OPERATIONAL

FACILITY

at

CATHALAC

Climate Change

Modeling

Flooding

Rapid

Response

IT and

Visualization

Other

Plug-In

Capabilities

In House

Capabilities

GUATEMALA

BELIZE

EL

SALVADOR

HONDURAS

CCAD/

SIAM

NICARAGUA

COSTA

RICA

PANAMA

MEXICO


Servir network

SERVIR Network

Implementing Agencies

Environmental Ministries

US Government

NGOs/Non-Profits

Universities

Institutes Associations

Business/Industry

Other:Disaster Charter (CONAE), CENAT, etc.


Servir africa

SERVIR Africa

  • Recently selected for funding from ROSES 2007

  • U.S. Agency for International Development (AID) is a partner

  • African Regional Center for Mapping of Resources for Development (RCMRD) in Kenya is a partner

  • Coordinate this project with the operational SERVIR team at the CATHALAC facility in Panama

  • Architecture for the SERVIR Africa will be modular to allow future expansion to SERVIR nodes in other areas of the continent

    NASA Applied Sciences Program


Servir africa1

SERVIR Africa

  • The primary application areas will be flooding

    Adapt the existing NASA GSFC Global Hazard Model - Flood (Adler)

  • The secondary application area will be Rift Valley Fever

    Adapt the existing NASA GSFC Infectious Disease Ecoclimatic Link algorithm (Tucker)

  • Use data from multiple NASA missions including SRTM, AMSR-E, TRMM, MODIS, etc.

    NASA Applied Sciences Program


Examples of nasa s water resources capacity building initiatives ted engman

South American Land Data Assimilation System (SALDAS) NASA & CPTEC (“Centers for Weather & Climate Predictions”)

Goal: combine local observations and parameters with NASA technology and advanced hydrological modeling expertise and capabilities to improve Global and SA NWP, climate and water management through collaboration with various centers (government, universities and research institutes)

CPTEC

NASA

  • Local resources (observations)

  • Human Resources

  • Central to South America

  • Missions

  • Land Information System

SALDAS

REGIONAL

Weather and Climate

Water Management

GLDAS

Hydromet Databanks

OUTREACH


Examples of nasa s water resources capacity building initiatives ted engman

SALDAS Interaction with the Center for Weather Forecasts and Climate Studies (CPTEC) of the National Institute for Space Research (INPE)

CPTEC/ETA

Regional Reanalysis

LSM states used at CPTEC for regional weather and climate studies

CPTEC/GOES based SW radiation (4Km, 30 min)

GSFC/TRMM Precipitation

3B42RT +local observations

High resolution output potential use for water and disaster management in Latin America

SALDAS

Atmospheric Forcing

Retrospective: 2000-2004

Near real time: 2002-present

1/8 deg; 3-hourly

NASA/LIS

Land Information System

NOAH,SSiB,SIB2,CLM


Examples of nasa s water resources capacity building initiatives ted engman

La Plata Basin (LPB)

Regional Hydroclimate Project

E. Hugo Berbery, co-chair for CLIVAR

M. Assuncao Silva Dias, co-chair for GEWEX

Land cover/

Land use changes

Biomas Burning

Floods

NDVI changes

1980-2000

LPB’s web site: http://www.eol.ucar.edu/projects/lpb


Examples of nasa s water resources capacity building initiatives ted engman

Evaluation and assimilation of NASA’s remote sensing products in support of science activities

in the La Plata Basin

Overall hypothesis

“Incorporating high quality observations of surface conditions from NASA satellites and other observing systems into numerical models of La Plata basin will improve predictability of the region's hydrology, weather and climate”

Specific Objectives

• Develop a multivariable dataset of in-situ observations that can be employed for satellite evaluation over the La Plata Basin.

• Validate remotely sensed satellite products with the in-situ observations.

• Assimilate and generate a dataset of land surface products that can be employed for predictability studies.

• Perform studies of the influence of land surface conditions on the predictability of the La Plata Basin.


Examples of nasa s water resources capacity building initiatives ted engman

NASA Water Resourses Program

Capacity Building Activities for Latin America

  • “Initiate capacity building programs to develop tools for using remote sensing data in support of water management, and to show the value of Earth observations generally in water resource management. The program will be initiated in Latin America”

  • The NASA Water Resourses Program may assist with LPB activities. This may include:

  • Assist with workshop support including the training of students;

  • Assist with access and application of NASA satellite and modeling products; and

  • Travel support to meetings including visits to the US.


Hydrology for the environment life and policy

Hydrology for the Environment,Life andPolicy

HELP provides a framework within catchments for scientists, stakeholders, managers, law and policy experts to come together to address locally defined “water related issues”. HELP provides a platform for sharing experiences across an international network of catchments

Real people

Real catchments

Real answers


Help global network

HELP Global Network


Grand challenges water resources related

Grand ChallengesWater Resources Related

  • The Office of Science Technology and Policy set forth guidance for future U. S. investments in Disaster Reduction

  • 6 Grand Challenges were listed: Provide Disaster Information; Understand Natural Processes; Develop Hazard Mitigation Strategies; Recognize and Reduce vulnerability; Assess Disaster Resilience; Promote Risk Wise Behavior

  • Drought and Flood were listed at important areas needing attention

  • Recommendations included improved risk maps, social science attention, and understanding land use cumulative impacts.

  • For more information go to http://www.sdr.gov


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