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“Write Now”. Write about a time that you, someone who you know, or someone from a book/movie/television show has had to deal with some type of loss. Explain the waves of loss that they experienced. Northrop Frye’s Modes of Literature. The M onomyth. Joseph Campbell THE HERO’S JOURNEY

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“Write Now”

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Write now

“Write Now”

Write about a time that you, someone who you know, or someone from a book/movie/television show has had to deal with some type of loss. Explain the waves of loss that they experienced.


Northrop frye s modes of literature

Northrop Frye’s Modes of Literature


The m onomyth

The Monomyth

  • Joseph Campbell

  • THE HERO’S JOURNEY

  • Two areas of the hero’s journey:

    • Known – where the hero is comfortable

    • Unknown – where the hero needs to face trials and challenges to grow as a person

  • Hero leaves the known (whether willingly or not) to conquer the unknown resulting in the hero becoming a better person.


The 5 modes of literature

The 5 Modes of Literature

Myth

Romance

High Mimesis

Low Mimesis

Irony

These modes are directly correlated to time period and literature.


Write now

Myth

  • The hero’s superiority is different from that of any other man in their environment. (i.e. godly)

  • The hero is superior to nature

  • The world:

    • Good always triumphs over evil

    • Highly un-individualized

  • Before 600 C.E.

  • Major events/ideas: Greek Mythology and Judeo-Christian philosophy; the age of heroes


Romance

Romance

  • The hero is superior to other humans by a great degree.

    • No longer in a world of his/her own

  • The hero is superior to nature

  • The World:

    • Good always triumphs over evil

    • Highly un-individualized

  • 600 C.E. to 1500 C.E.

  • Major events/ideas: Spreading of Christianity, establishment of formal Catholicism


High mimesis

High Mimesis

  • Hero is superior to other humans by a great degree.

  • Is not superior to nature

  • The World:

    • Good always triumphs over evil

    • very individualized

  • 1500 C.E. to 1800 C.E.

  • Events: Protestant revolution, Copernicus (heliocentrism)


Low mimesis

Low Mimesis

  • Hero is more or less equal to other men

  • Not superior to nature

  • The World:

    • Good usually triumphs over evil

    • Is not generally good

    • Extremely individualized

  • 1800 C.E. to 1910 C.E.


Irony

Irony

  • Hero’s power of action is lesser than the ordinary human

  • Not superior to nature

  • The World:

    • Morally corrupt

    • Highly individualized

    • Good rarely triumphs over evil

  • 1920 C.E. to Present


An age of irony

An Age of Irony

  • No more heroes

  • Failed mythology

  • Pessimistic view of human beings – humans no longer seen as a force of good

  • A corrupt world that is not conducive to human growth

  • Brainstorm with a partner: What major world events, scientific discoveries, and other elements lead to the bullet points above.

    • Hint: Start around the mid 19th century


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