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Behavioral Principles Skill Building Strategies to Decrease Inappropriate Behaviors. Virginia L. Dolan, Ed. D., NCSP AACPS PBIS/CDM Facilitator. Behavioral Assumptions. Behavior is: Predictable Learned Teachable Affected directly by the environmental events. Reinforcement vs. Punishment.

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behavioral principles skill building strategies to decrease inappropriate behaviors

Behavioral PrinciplesSkill BuildingStrategies to Decrease Inappropriate Behaviors

Virginia L. Dolan, Ed. D., NCSP

AACPS PBIS/CDM Facilitator

behavioral assumptions
Behavioral Assumptions
  • Behavior is:
                • Predictable
                • Learned
                • Teachable
                • Affected directly by the environmental events
reinforcement vs punishment
Reinforcement vs. Punishment
  • Reinforcement: when a consequence of a behavior functions to increase the likelihood of future occurrences of that behavior
  • Punishment: when a consequence of a behavior functions to decrease the likelihood of future occurrences of that behavior
behavioral principals
Behavioral Principals
  • PositiveReinforcement
  • Negative Reinforcement
  • PositivePunishment
  • Negative Punishment
behavioral principals1
Behavioral Principals
  • What is the action to be done?
                  • Give
                  • Takeaway
  • What is the effect you want to achieve?
                  • Increase
                  • Decrease
behavioral principals2
Behavioral Principals
  • George say the important point is to focus on the effect:
        • Increasing behavior
        • Decreasing behavior
slide7

Coach

TAKE AWAY MESSAGE

You only know if a consequence is reinforcing or punishing by looking at the effect on future behavior.

behavioral principals3
Behavioral Principals

Reinforcement Considerations = to increase

  • Tangible social
  • External internal
  • Other managed self-managed
  • Frequent infrequent
  • Predictable unpredictable
behavioral principals4
Behavioral Principals

Punishment Guidelines to decrease

  • Cause no harm, humiliation
  • Use least aversive that is most effective
  • Pair with positive reinforcement of positive behavior
  • Always use data to monitor effectiveness
  • Implement with high fidelity and by “expert”
  • Always involve student, family, etc, in decision making
behavioral principals5
Behavioral Principals
  • Negative Punishment
      • Timeout
      • Response Cost
      • Extinction
reinforcement and punishment
Reinforcement and Punishment

Inc. ( )*

Dec. ( )*

Give (+)

Take (-)

Action

Effect

Positive

Negative

Reinforcement

Reinforcement

Positive

Negative

Punishment

Punishment

* Future probability of behavior

slide13

Coach

TAKE AWAY MESSAGE

We should consider the function of behavior when we design programs for students and staff.

big ideas
BIG IDEAS
  • ALWAYS TEACH AND POSITIVELY REINFORCE ALTERNATE BEHAVIOR THAT COMPETES WITH THE PROBLEM
slide15

TAKE AWAY MESSAGE

You’re a coach!

Prepare for training events, and use your resources to guide your team’s activities (both at training and at school).

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