Behavioral principles skill building strategies to decrease inappropriate behaviors
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Behavioral Principles Skill Building Strategies to Decrease Inappropriate Behaviors. Virginia L. Dolan, Ed. D., NCSP AACPS PBIS/CDM Facilitator. Behavioral Assumptions. Behavior is: Predictable Learned Teachable Affected directly by the environmental events. Reinforcement vs. Punishment.

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Behavioral principles skill building strategies to decrease inappropriate behaviors

Behavioral PrinciplesSkill BuildingStrategies to Decrease Inappropriate Behaviors

Virginia L. Dolan, Ed. D., NCSP

AACPS PBIS/CDM Facilitator


Behavioral assumptions
Behavioral Assumptions

  • Behavior is:

    • Predictable

    • Learned

    • Teachable

    • Affected directly by the environmental events


Reinforcement vs punishment
Reinforcement vs. Punishment

  • Reinforcement: when a consequence of a behavior functions to increase the likelihood of future occurrences of that behavior

  • Punishment: when a consequence of a behavior functions to decrease the likelihood of future occurrences of that behavior


Behavioral principals
Behavioral Principals

  • PositiveReinforcement

  • Negative Reinforcement

  • PositivePunishment

  • Negative Punishment


Behavioral principals1
Behavioral Principals

  • What is the action to be done?

    • Give

    • Takeaway

  • What is the effect you want to achieve?

    • Increase

    • Decrease


  • Behavioral principals2
    Behavioral Principals

    • George say the important point is to focus on the effect:

      • Increasing behavior

      • Decreasing behavior


    Coach

    TAKE AWAY MESSAGE

    You only know if a consequence is reinforcing or punishing by looking at the effect on future behavior.


    Behavioral principals3
    Behavioral Principals

    Reinforcement Considerations = to increase

    • Tangible social

    • External internal

    • Other managed self-managed

    • Frequent infrequent

    • Predictable unpredictable


    Behavioral principals4
    Behavioral Principals

    Punishment Guidelines to decrease

    • Cause no harm, humiliation

    • Use least aversive that is most effective

    • Pair with positive reinforcement of positive behavior

    • Always use data to monitor effectiveness

    • Implement with high fidelity and by “expert”

    • Always involve student, family, etc, in decision making


    Behavioral principals5
    Behavioral Principals

    • Negative Punishment

      • Timeout

      • Response Cost

      • Extinction


    Reinforcement and punishment
    Reinforcement and Punishment

    Inc. ( )*

    Dec. ( )*

    Give (+)

    Take (-)

    Action

    Effect

    Positive

    Negative

    Reinforcement

    Reinforcement

    Positive

    Negative

    Punishment

    Punishment

    * Future probability of behavior


    Coach

    TAKE AWAY MESSAGE

    We should consider the function of behavior when we design programs for students and staff.


    Big ideas
    BIG IDEAS

    • ALWAYS TEACH AND POSITIVELY REINFORCE ALTERNATE BEHAVIOR THAT COMPETES WITH THE PROBLEM


    TAKE AWAY MESSAGE

    You’re a coach!

    Prepare for training events, and use your resources to guide your team’s activities (both at training and at school).


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