Behavioral principles skill building strategies to decrease inappropriate behaviors
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Behavioral Principles Skill Building Strategies to Decrease Inappropriate Behaviors. Virginia L. Dolan, Ed. D., NCSP AACPS PBIS/CDM Facilitator. Behavioral Assumptions. Behavior is: Predictable Learned Teachable Affected directly by the environmental events. Reinforcement vs. Punishment.

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Behavioral Principles Skill Building Strategies to Decrease Inappropriate Behaviors

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Behavioral principles skill building strategies to decrease inappropriate behaviors

Behavioral PrinciplesSkill BuildingStrategies to Decrease Inappropriate Behaviors

Virginia L. Dolan, Ed. D., NCSP

AACPS PBIS/CDM Facilitator


Behavioral assumptions

Behavioral Assumptions

  • Behavior is:

    • Predictable

    • Learned

    • Teachable

    • Affected directly by the environmental events


Reinforcement vs punishment

Reinforcement vs. Punishment

  • Reinforcement: when a consequence of a behavior functions to increase the likelihood of future occurrences of that behavior

  • Punishment: when a consequence of a behavior functions to decrease the likelihood of future occurrences of that behavior


Behavioral principals

Behavioral Principals

  • PositiveReinforcement

  • Negative Reinforcement

  • PositivePunishment

  • Negative Punishment


Behavioral principals1

Behavioral Principals

  • What is the action to be done?

    • Give

    • Takeaway

  • What is the effect you want to achieve?

    • Increase

    • Decrease


  • Behavioral principals2

    Behavioral Principals

    • George say the important point is to focus on the effect:

      • Increasing behavior

      • Decreasing behavior


    Behavioral principles skill building strategies to decrease inappropriate behaviors

    Coach

    TAKE AWAY MESSAGE

    You only know if a consequence is reinforcing or punishing by looking at the effect on future behavior.


    Behavioral principals3

    Behavioral Principals

    Reinforcement Considerations = to increase

    • Tangible social

    • External internal

    • Other managed self-managed

    • Frequent infrequent

    • Predictable unpredictable


    Behavioral principals4

    Behavioral Principals

    Punishment Guidelines to decrease

    • Cause no harm, humiliation

    • Use least aversive that is most effective

    • Pair with positive reinforcement of positive behavior

    • Always use data to monitor effectiveness

    • Implement with high fidelity and by “expert”

    • Always involve student, family, etc, in decision making


    Behavioral principals5

    Behavioral Principals

    • Negative Punishment

      • Timeout

      • Response Cost

      • Extinction


    Reinforcement and punishment

    Reinforcement and Punishment

    Inc. ( )*

    Dec. ( )*

    Give (+)

    Take (-)

    Action

    Effect

    Positive

    Negative

    Reinforcement

    Reinforcement

    Positive

    Negative

    Punishment

    Punishment

    * Future probability of behavior


    Behavioral principles skill building strategies to decrease inappropriate behaviors

    Coach

    TAKE AWAY MESSAGE

    We should consider the function of behavior when we design programs for students and staff.


    Big ideas

    BIG IDEAS

    • ALWAYS TEACH AND POSITIVELY REINFORCE ALTERNATE BEHAVIOR THAT COMPETES WITH THE PROBLEM


    Behavioral principles skill building strategies to decrease inappropriate behaviors

    TAKE AWAY MESSAGE

    You’re a coach!

    Prepare for training events, and use your resources to guide your team’s activities (both at training and at school).


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