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Art of the Pacific Islands. Katie Milliken. AKA Australia and friends. Wait…Where?. This is the pacific region. It includes Australia, Polynesia (New Zealand, Hawaii, etc.), Micronesia, Melanesia(New Guinea) + other smaller cultures Peopled 50,000 yrs ago Pigs, taro Lapita in 1500 BCE

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art of the pacific islands

Art of the Pacific Islands

Katie Milliken

AKA Australia and friends

wait where
Wait…Where?
  • This is the pacific region. It includes Australia, Polynesia (New Zealand, Hawaii, etc.), Micronesia, Melanesia(New Guinea)
    • + other smaller cultures
  • Peopled 50,000 yrs ago
    • Pigs, taro
  • Lapita in 1500 BCE
    • Chickens, Dogs, Yams
    • Spread in 1 BCE to rest

of Pacific

lapita pottery
Lapita Pottery
  • Used special red slip
  • Largely geometric designs
  • These are fragments

of a Large Lapita Jar from

1100 BCE

aborigines in australia
Aborigines in Australia
  • Believe world shaped by spirit beings in Dreamtime
  • Originated in Arnhem Land
    • Rock Painting in West
      • X-ray depiction of animals
aborigines in australia1
Aborigines in Australia
  • Bark Painting in East
    • Taught and recorded sig. Events
    • Religious too ex. Wititj the serpent

Depicted frequently

    • On Eucalyptus bark
    • Characteristic Cross-hatching called rarrk
melanesia

~Kapa Bark Cloth

~Kapa Bark Cloth

Melanesia
  • Agricultural and ritual based society
    • Women produced bark cloth
    • 700+ languages
  • Abelam society of New Guinea
    • Judge wealth on # of pigs or

yams (which reach 12 ft long)

    • Tamberan House: ceremonial

secret house

      • no women/children allowed
new ireland
New Ireland
  • Society relies on rituals called malanggan for every significant event in life
    • Ex. weddings, funerals, etc.
    • Used to validate property+ relations
new ireland1
New Ireland
  • Tantua dances
    • Use masks to commemorate death
    • 1 of 3 souls of dead
    • Paint colors symbolic:

White-magic,

red-violent death,

black- warfare,

then blue and yellow

micronesia
Micronesia
  • Many coral atolls but some volcanic basalt
  • Nan Madol- left over relics of a dynasty long dead
    • Up to 1000 people at a time
    • Enormous complex built with stones
      • Layered like lincoln logs to 25 ft
polynesia
Polynesia
  • Different cultures with generally

similar languages

  • Last area mapped by Europeans
    • Capt. James Cook
      • “Found” Hawaii
    • Traded for artwork but missed the sig. of items
      • Turned long time family heirlooms into souvenirs
polynesia1
Polynesia
  • Easter Island
    • Temples called Marae with platforms called ahu
      • Moai- easter island heads built on these structures
        • Most 36 ft tall but tallest unfinished 70 ft
        • Stopped erecting around 1500
          • Collapse: warfare +overpopulation
polynesia2
Polynesia
  • Marquesa Island
    • Only six inhabited
    • Known for warfare and cannabalism
      • Greatest decline in pop from contact with Europeans
        • Down to <2000 by 1930 due to disease (smallpox)
    • War Club= most common weapon
polynesia3
Polynesia
  • New Zealand
    • Maori culture depicted with
      • Hei-tiki: carved pendant of human figure
        • Most precious possession
      • Moko: facial tattoos
        • Both genders
        • Personalized
    • Lintel Carving
      • Symbolized power and prestige
    • Meeting houses
      • Used bargeboards to connect gable
polynesia4
Polynesia
  • Hawaiian Islands
    • Several chiefdoms later united
      • Remained so until 1872
    • Discovered by James Cook
    • Tapa/Kapa= bark cloth
      • Highly prized
    • Missionaries taught quilt making
      • Used kahili- feather standards

And other décor to honor monarchy

      • Reintegration: using European methods

with traditional themes

bibliography
Bibliography
  • http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/photograph/1766/lapita-pottery
  • Art History Textbook
  • http://www.clarku.edu/~jborgatt/tamberan.htm
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