Art of the pacific islands
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Art of the Pacific Islands. Katie Milliken. AKA Australia and friends. Wait…Where?. This is the pacific region. It includes Australia, Polynesia (New Zealand, Hawaii, etc.), Micronesia, Melanesia(New Guinea) + other smaller cultures Peopled 50,000 yrs ago Pigs, taro Lapita in 1500 BCE

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Art of the Pacific Islands

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Art of the pacific islands

Art of the Pacific Islands

Katie Milliken

AKA Australia and friends


Wait where

Wait…Where?

  • This is the pacific region. It includes Australia, Polynesia (New Zealand, Hawaii, etc.), Micronesia, Melanesia(New Guinea)

    • + other smaller cultures

  • Peopled 50,000 yrs ago

    • Pigs, taro

  • Lapita in 1500 BCE

    • Chickens, Dogs, Yams

    • Spread in 1 BCE to rest

      of Pacific


Lapita pottery

Lapita Pottery

  • Used special red slip

  • Largely geometric designs

  • These are fragments

    of a Large Lapita Jar from

    1100 BCE


Aborigines in australia

Aborigines in Australia

  • Believe world shaped by spirit beings in Dreamtime

  • Originated in Arnhem Land

    • Rock Painting in West

      • X-ray depiction of animals


Aborigines in australia1

Aborigines in Australia

  • Bark Painting in East

    • Taught and recorded sig. Events

    • Religious too ex. Wititj the serpent

      Depicted frequently

    • On Eucalyptus bark

    • Characteristic Cross-hatching called rarrk


Melanesia

~Kapa Bark Cloth

~Kapa Bark Cloth

Melanesia

  • Agricultural and ritual based society

    • Women produced bark cloth

    • 700+ languages

  • Abelam society of New Guinea

    • Judge wealth on # of pigs or

      yams (which reach 12 ft long)

    • Tamberan House: ceremonial

      secret house

      • no women/children allowed


New ireland

New Ireland

  • Society relies on rituals called malanggan for every significant event in life

    • Ex. weddings, funerals, etc.

    • Used to validate property+ relations


New ireland1

New Ireland

  • Tantua dances

    • Use masks to commemorate death

    • 1 of 3 souls of dead

    • Paint colors symbolic:

      White-magic,

      red-violent death,

      black- warfare,

      then blue and yellow


Micronesia

Micronesia

  • Many coral atolls but some volcanic basalt

  • Nan Madol- left over relics of a dynasty long dead

    • Up to 1000 people at a time

    • Enormous complex built with stones

      • Layered like lincoln logs to 25 ft


Polynesia

Polynesia

  • Different cultures with generally

    similar languages

  • Last area mapped by Europeans

    • Capt. James Cook

      • “Found” Hawaii

    • Traded for artwork but missed the sig. of items

      • Turned long time family heirlooms into souvenirs


Polynesia1

Polynesia

  • Easter Island

    • Temples called Marae with platforms called ahu

      • Moai- easter island heads built on these structures

        • Most 36 ft tall but tallest unfinished 70 ft

        • Stopped erecting around 1500

          • Collapse: warfare +overpopulation


Polynesia2

Polynesia

  • Marquesa Island

    • Only six inhabited

    • Known for warfare and cannabalism

      • Greatest decline in pop from contact with Europeans

        • Down to <2000 by 1930 due to disease (smallpox)

    • War Club= most common weapon


Polynesia3

Polynesia

  • New Zealand

    • Maori culture depicted with

      • Hei-tiki: carved pendant of human figure

        • Most precious possession

      • Moko: facial tattoos

        • Both genders

        • Personalized

    • Lintel Carving

      • Symbolized power and prestige

    • Meeting houses

      • Used bargeboards to connect gable


Polynesia4

Polynesia

  • Hawaiian Islands

    • Several chiefdoms later united

      • Remained so until 1872

    • Discovered by James Cook

    • Tapa/Kapa= bark cloth

      • Highly prized

    • Missionaries taught quilt making

      • Used kahili- feather standards

        And other décor to honor monarchy

      • Reintegration: using European methods

        with traditional themes


Bibliography

Bibliography

  • http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/photograph/1766/lapita-pottery

  • Art History Textbook

  • http://www.clarku.edu/~jborgatt/tamberan.htm


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