World war ii vocab
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World War II Vocab. Treaty of Versailles. 1919 peace treaty that ended WWI which established new nations, borders, and reparations. League of Natoins. An association of nations established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace. Communism.

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Treaty of versailles
Treaty of Versailles

  • 1919 peace treaty that ended WWI which established new nations, borders, and reparations


League of natoins
League of Natoins

  • An association of nations established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace


Communism
Communism

  • An economic and political system based on one party government and state ownership of property.


Joseph stalin
Joseph Stalin

  • Leader of the Soviet Union during World War II


Totalitarianism
Totalitarianism

  • Political system in which the state or government has total control over the lives of citizens


Benito mussolini
Benito Mussolini

  • Leader of fascist Italy during World War II


Franklin d roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt

  • Leader of the US during World War II


Adolf hitler
Adolf Hitler

  • Leader of Nazi Germany during World War II


Third reich
Third Reich

  • Hitler used nationalism and anti-Semitism to establish a new totalitarian government where he was dictator – called the Third Reich


Nationalism
Nationalism

  • Devotion to the interests and culture of one’s nation


Anti semitism
Anti-Semitism

  • Hatred and prejudice towards to Jews


Appeasement
Appeasement

  • The granting of concessions to a hostile power in order to keep the peace


Axis powers
Axis Powers

  • Germany

  • Japan

  • Italy


Wwii dates
WWII Dates

  • 1939-45


Winston churchill
Winston Churchill

  • Prime Minister for Great Britain during WWII


Allied powers
Allied Powers

  • Great Britain

  • France

  • US

  • Soviet Union


Dwight d eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower

  • Commanding General of victorious allies during WWII

  • President of the US – 1953-61


The holocaust
The Holocaust

  • The systematic murder-or genocide- of Jews and other groups of people by the Nazis before and after World War II.


Battle of midway
Battle of Midway

  • A World War II battle that took place in early 1942. The Allies decimated the Japanese fleet at Midway, an island lying northeast of Hawaii. The Allies took the offensive in the Pacific and began to move closer to Japan.


Battle of the bulge
Battle of the Bulge

  • A month long battle of WWII, in which the Allies succeeded in turning back the last major German offensive of the war.


Manhattan project
Manhattan Project

  • The US program to develop an atomic bomb for use in World War II


Harry truman
Harry Truman

  • US President from 1945-53

  • Dropped atomic bombs on Japan


Hiroshima and nagasaki
Hiroshima and Nagasaki

  • Japanese cities that the US dropped atomic bombs on


V e day
V-E Day

  • Victory in Europe Day

  • May 8, 1945


V j day
V-J Day

  • Victory over Japan Day

  • August 14, 1945


Rationing
Rationing

  • A restriction of people’s right to buy unlimited amounts of particular foods and other goods, often implemented during wartime to ensure adequate supplies for the military.


Victory gardens
Victory Gardens

  • People grew their own food so more could be sent to the men overseas.


Gi bill
GI Bill

  • A name given to the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act, a 1944 law that provided financial and educational benefits for WWII veterans.


Baby boom
Baby Boom

  • The sharp increase in the US birthrate following World War II


Fort campbell
Fort Campbell

  • Constructed in 1942

  • TN/Kentucky

  • Trained thousands of young men for WWII


Cordell hull
Cordell Hull

  • From TN

  • Pres. FDR’s Sec. of State

  • Helped with foreign policy

  • “Father of the United Nations” – Nobel Peace Prize


Alcoa
ALCOA

  • Aluminum Company of America

  • Produced needed aluminum


Rosie the riveter
Rosie the Riveter

  • Became the symbol of those women who entered the work foce to fill the gap left vacant by men serving in the war


Oak ridge tn
Oak Ridge, TN

  • Secret city created to work on the Manhattan Project


Northern migration
Northern Migration

  • Over 2 mil African Americans made their way from the South to the cities of the North


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